A.P. Euro part Flashcards

Terms Definitions
authentic
genuine, real
Proletariat
the working class
Platelets/Thrombocytes
responsible for blood clotting
Botticelli
painted primarera (spring) about gods/goddess
repelled
to be pushed away from
William Blake
tradegy, people only saw reason
Gabriel Fahrenheit
Developed measurement of temperature with freezing at 32 degrees.
imperialism
policy of extending a nation's authority by terriotrial acquisition or by establishing economical&political hegemony over other nations
paulette
tax on office holding in francte
william of orange
leader of revolting dutch
charles v
Holy Roman emperor (1519-1558) and king of Spain as Charles I (1516-1556). He summoned the Diet of Worms (1521) and the Council of Trent (1545-1563).
Dvorianie
Established by Peter the Great, they received land and control of the peasants.
Nevsky
Russian who defeated a German invading army and was rewarded by Mongols by becoming grand-prince.
sovereignty
possesion of a monopoly over the instruments of justice
novembery 9, 1989
fall of berlin wall date
July Ordinances
Edicts that Charles X issued; demolished the Charter, censored the press, reduced the electorate. Intellectuals and students moved against Charles X, rioting. Caused the July Revolution. Charles X abdicated, and Lafayette helped to put Louis-Philippe on the throne.1830.
Modernism
realistic with middle class but more focused on beauty and form
commercial revolution
the expansion of the trade and buisness that transformed European economies during the 16th and 17th centuries., the expansion of the trade and buisness that transformed European economies during the 16th and 17th centuries.
Boulton
man who improved steam engine to help it to manufacture cotton
Pico della Mirandola
Florentine writer, wrote On the Dignity of Man. Said man was constructed between beast and the angels and nothing could limit his accomplishments
guerilla warfare
military strategy in which an army does not engage the enemy head on
5 year plans
stalin's exercises in rapid economic expansion
Slavic Revival
Serb Vuk Karajich published grammar of native tongue, translated the New Testament, and made a collection of popular songs and epics of the serbs. Francis Palacky published "A History of Bohemia". Polish revolutionary Adam Mickiewicz wrote epic poems.
social change
caising peasants to move to urban areas
what finally happened?
netherlands got their freedom and indepedence from spain
Johannes Kepler
Student of Brahe that came up with three planetary laws of motion.
Influence on Eastern Europe
After WWII most Eastern European countries are satellite states to the Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact troops put down all anti communist revolutions
sturdy beggars
beggers in england who were capable of work but could find stable jobs
suleiman the great
leader of ottoman empire at largest point
Jean Paul Marat
He was a journalist. His newspaper was called L'Ami du people. He demanded the deaths for traders and for heads to role.
John Law
founded the Bank of France and set up a Mississippi Company--which founded New Orleans and absorbed History of the Modern other trading companies. It received a monopoly of colonial trade and was authorized to assume the
entire French national debt--proposing to pay the debts by colonial profits. Shares in both companies rose rapidly in an orgy of speculation (the "Bubble"); then confidence was lost and a crash followed which ruined many investors.
History of the Czech People
1836, by the historian Palacky. First published in German as History of Bohemia then recast into Czech and changed title emphasizing the Czech People. In Poland too there was an increase in nationalistic feeling - promoted by literary figures such as Mickeiwicz.
Russia before Peter the Great
Between 1650 and 1750, the old Tsardom of Muscovy turned into modern Russia, both reaching eastward across Siberia to the Bering Sea and westward toward contact with Europe. Ivan IV "the Terrible" (r. 1533-84) was the first to call himself tsar, with Moscow as the "Third
Rome." Could he be regarded as a New Monarch? His reign was followed by a 10-year "Time of Troubles" in which nobles asserted their power. One result was the beginnings of the Romanov Dynasty, able to suppress the Duma and develop an autocracy. Peasants were turned into hereditary serfs, fully chattels, able to be bought and sold. The Russian Orthodox Church became divided into an established, upper class church and peasant sects like the Old Believers, at hear ignorant and fanatical. The peasants became "estranged from the established religion."
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