World History Final Flashcards

Terms Definitions
effect
result
1950-1953
Korean War
1865
Grant vs. Lee
artifacts
objects made by humans
Pizarro
Cunquers the Inas (Peru)
Islam
the religion the Hausa-Fulani followed
Mercantilism
economic system based on trade
Speakeasies
underground saloons, bars that illegally sold liquor
empire
territories and peoples controlled by one government
NAACP
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People formed in 1909 and saw their organization, which stressed awareness of the plight of African Americans in America, grow in prominence and numbers throughout the 1920s. Pushed Congress to pass anti-lynching laws to protect against African American violence, discrimination, and bigotry. The organization gave AAs a militant voice within our culture and educated the white middle-class masses of their experience.
Monotheism
The belief in one god-Christianity, Judaism, and Islam
Hernado Cortes
Conqured the Aztecs in 1520.
Hannibal
general who commanded the Carthaginian army in the second Punic War
Agricultural Revolution
Gradual transformation of the traditional agricultural system t
Wintson Churchill
British Prime Minister during WWII
Fascism
A political philosophy that glorifies the state above the individual by emphasizing the need for a strong central government led by a dictatorial ruler
Apartheid
extreme form of racial segregation in 1948 enacted by the National Party of South Africa. Stripped many Africans, Indians, and colored people of their few political rights because racial mixing of any kind was forbidden and required Africans to live in their own racial areas and couldn't leave without permission
Duma
a parliament created by Nicholas; only lasted 3 months; later it came back again.
Social Darwinism
survival of the fittest in society
Dole
US businessman that had help to overthrow Hawaii's Queen.
1555
year the Peace of Augsburg is signed
treaty of ghent
ended the war of 1812
Name the act during Jefferson's administration that cut off trade between the US, GB and France
Embargo Act
bully pulpit
Teddy Roosevelt's way of using persuasion to influence the people of the country
Mass Media
means of communication that reach large audiences.
export
Japan's success was based on producing goods for ______.
freeport doctrine
stephen douglas's statement that ppl. should use pop. sovereignity to determine if their state or territory should permit slavery
Sequoya
Invented a writing system for the cherokee language.
What is the American System?
President Madison's plan
Japanese Internment
the forcible relocation and __________ of approximately 110,000 Japanese nationals and Japanese Americans to housing facilities called "War Relocation Camps", in the wake of Imperial Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor
eighteenth amendment
banned the sle of alcohol in 1919
William McKinley
defeated William Jennings Bryan in the 1896 presidential election; The Populist Party basically dissolved after the election;
Leopold II
the Congo Free State was really controlled by who?
Slave Codes
laws that controlled lives of enslaved African Americans and denied them basic rights
Constantine
Roman emperor in A.D. 312 who fought three rival for leadship of Rome.
Tuskegee Institute
Booker T. Washington built this school to educate black students on learning how to support themselves and prosper
Age of Discovery 1415-1522
Explosion of geographical knowledge brought about by European explorers
Panic of 1819
Economic panic caused by extensive speculation and a decline of Europena demand for American goods along with mismanagement within the Second Bank of the United States. Often cited as the end of the Era of Good Feelings.
Political map
shows the boundaries and location of political units such as countries, states, and cities
World War One-Effects
-Treaty of Versailles punishes Germany harshly.
-TOV disappoints causing fascism and totalitarianism.
Name English physician who figured out blood circulation
William Harvey
Continental Congress
The meeting of colonial delegates that approved the Declaration of Independence
guerilla warfare
military strategy in which an army does not engage the enemy head on
Zimmermann Note
Telegram sent from the German Foreign minister to Mexico offering Mexico, Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona.
King Tut
Pharaoh's tomb that was not disturbed by treasure hunters
Lord Kitchener
a British commander in chief who worked at the time of the Sepoy Mutiny
The Feminine Mystique
book about womens civil rights by Betty Frieden
Sunni Ali
built a professional army, had a river boat fleet, captured the city of Timbuktu
the league of nations was set up to
maintain peace
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Muslim league leader who died shortly after becoming the first governor-general of independent pakistan
Citizen Genet
French diplomat who in 1793 tried to draw the United States into the war between France and England
Philip IV
F. 1275. clashed with pope when he taxed clergy. When pope argued, John threatened to arrest clergymen, eventually sent troops which led to the pope's death
Peace of Tilsit
agreement between France and Russia & Prussia <> established Napoleon's supremacy in western and central europe <>France and Russia became allies, dividing Europe
Effects of the Great Depression
unemployement and poverty heavily increased
exercise and strengthen their bodies
Spartan girls were encouraged to...
What period was 1050-1300
The growth of towns and trade
Body of land jutting into a lake or ocean, surrounded on three sides of water
Peninsula
Puerto Rico
Caribbean island that the US won in a war and is now a commonwealth.
What event started World War 1
killing of Arch Duke Ferdinand
Sunni Ali established which dynasty?
Sunni Dynasty- he conquered Timbuktu and Jenne and gave control of trading empire
Cesare Bonesana Beccaria
He agrued against the use of torture and other common abuses of justice.
147. Did the Mayans have writing? A calendar? Human sacrifice?
yes; yes; yes
The Great Depression
lack of flower in the US and World markets; many Americans and others lost their money; caused by overproduction, credit, the stock market crash, low interest rates, high tariffs, savings, high prices and low wages
Why Roosevelt recieved the Nobel Peace Prize Award
negotiating peace in the Russo-Japanese war
name the notable french documents that said " all people are created equal"
declaration of the rights of man
167. How did the diverse environments affect the lifestyles of the Alaskan Amerindians?
it created different cultures; the environmetn determined how you live and what you use to build
196. When the English settled in North America there was conflict over the land. Whom did natives believe owned the land? How did the English respond?
the natives believed that they themselves owned the land and the English responded by pushing them off their land
When & why did congress pass the bonus bill?
1924 - to compensate vets for lost wages during the war
Idaho
dissent
to disagree
Menes
First Egyptian Dynasty
Chinese Exclusion
decrease chinese immigration
Name of American soldiers
doughboys
Outsourcing
usually done by multinational companies; sending jobs to developing worlds to save $ on labor, insurance, etc; India, Phillipines are common labor; usually for customer service
Original 2 central powers?
Germany; Austria-Hungry
Jamestown
first permanent English settlement; founded in 1607 in Virginia
kosher
food prepared according to Jewish dietary laws
Dante
introduced vernacular style; wrote the Inferno
tribunal
agency or institution constituted to render judgments and assign punishment
january 30, 1948
when was ghandi shot?
German subs
___________ attacked ships carrying American citizens.
plantation
garden consisting of a small cultivated wood without undergrowth
Roman Republic
citizens elect officials to rule
Bessemer Process
first inexpensive industrial way to make steel, discovered by William Kelly in 1851.
asian tigers
Collective name for South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Singapore-nations that became economic powers in the 1970s and 1980s. (p. 861)
Cyrus
PErsian king who allowed Jews to return to Judah
Martin Luther
German theologian who led the Reformation
Ignatious Loyola
founded Jesuits (society of Jesus); former spanish soldier
Protestant Reformation
was inspired by Martin Luther's dissatisfaction with the practices of the Catholic Church
Cholera
1849 spread across the U.S. Many travelers died from it.
Sunna
Muhammad's example, (Islam) the way of life prescribed as normative for Muslims on the basis of the teachings and practices of Muhammad and interpretations of the Koran
Edict of Mulan
Made faith in Christ legal.
Name the world's most prolific inventor
Thomas Edison
George Custer
American General, killed by Sitting Bull.
1215, John
In ________, King ________was forced to sign the Magna Carta
KDKA
voice carrying radio Nov. 1920 in Pittsburgh radio station which broadcast the presidential election returns for the first time in 1920.
archaeologist
a scientist who studies cultures of the past by digging up and examining the remains of ancient towns and cities
Communist Manifesto
created by Marx and Frederick Engles after hearing revolution broke out in France. Called for working class (proletariats) to unite and over throw capitalism. Were exiled for their work.
Shi'a
religion that the leaders had to be descendents of Muhammad,
proverbs
the wise saying of Solomon that are written down
Puritans
a group of peoples who sought freedom from religious persecution in England by founding a colony at Massachusetts Bay in the early 1600's
Queen Anne
takes throne of England after William and Mary; reign sees strengthening of balanced constitution
Satraps
Governors chosen by Darius I to rule the 20 Persian provinces; collected taxes, served as judges and kept the peace.
nullification
jackson came up with this to void stuff
Rosie the Riveter
Cultural icon representing women in the work force during WW
trench
a ditch dug as a fortification having a parapet of the excavated earth
Long Telegram
document sent to the state department that described the mentality of the Soviets
What invention helped to spread the ideas of the Renaissance?
Printing Press
Divine Right
belief that a rulers authority comes directly from God
Nominating Conventions
a new way presidential candidates were chosen by the 1830's
Settlement Houses
a community center that provided a variety of services to the poor, especially to immigrants
Suez canal
a ship canal in northeastern Egypt linking the Red Sea with the Mediterranean Sea
Direct relief
money or food given directly from the gov. to the needy
Philosophy
the study of the meaning of life; the search for wisdom and truth
Jesuits
one of this group's goals is to create superb schools
NCLB,
No Child Left Behind - 2001 Pres. Bush designed to promote "standards-based education reform" via assessments that measure progress; results often determine funding
Non-intercourse Act
an 1809 law that allowed Americans to carry on trade with all nations except Britain and France.
Dr. Jonas Salk
Developed a vaccine for the crippling disease poliomyelitis.
Name the trade system between USA and Carribean Islands and Spain
triangular trade
Declaration of Independence
document that the 2nd cont. congress announced and justified its decision to renounce the colonies' allegiance to the British government
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
1940s, principal organization of the American Civil Rights Movement
Maria Winkleman
German woman who found a comet, was the only one that was given credit because her husband let her take the credit (17.1)
Lincoln Steffans
"I've seen the future, and it works" - Famous American Muckracker
Shariah Law
The laws of Islam as based on the Qu'ran; many societies interpret these laws in very different ways
Open Range
A vast area of grassland owned by the government where ranchers could graze their herds for free
william the "conqueror"
duke of Normandy who led the Norman invasion of England and became the first Norman to be King of England
league of nations
the treaty created this, to be an international association whose goal would be to keep peace among nations
old kingdom
2700 BC - 2200 BC. Upper and Lower Egypt kept separate kingdoms, but later built unified government. Developed basic features of its civilization. BUILT THE PYRAMIDS: an eternal resting place for their god-kings.
The War of 1812
A war between the United States and Britain the resulted because of capturing naval vessels and Native Americans problems blamed on Britain. A war mainly fought on the sea but was over land disputes. America wanted Canada. This war was partly fought on the Great Lakes.
Duke of Wellington (Arthur Wellesley)
Was the British army commander who helped the Spanish fight France
National Grange of Patrons (1867)
- a group of farmers bonded together from the panic of 1873
- a support group for farmers within the union
balance of power altered so shifting alliances threatened peace
what was one negative consequence of the unification of Italy and Germany?
the main purpose of the english bill of rights was to...
a. establish the right of william and mary
b. protect the rights of the scots and the irish
c. limit the power of parliament
d. protect the rights of the individual citizen
d. protect the rights of the individual citizen
Stolypin PM
1908
1912
Spala Incident
cold war
lasted 1949-1991
1910
Relaxation of Censorship
1300
Moscow gains importance
March 8 1917
Breadlines erupt
July 7 1096
Stolypin hired
1905-1906
Witte is prime minister
1896- 1918
Reign of Nicholas
serfs
Building St. Petersburg was controversial because ______ had to build it.
1906-1909
Newspapers opposition sent to siberia
1905
port arthur surrenders to japan
Mongols
2nd lagest empire ever, destroyed major Russian cities
M. Lomonosov
Author beginning of Russian Literature
stalin
Ruthless and ambitious, Joseph Stalin grabbed control of the Soviet Union after the death of V.I. Lenin in 1924. As a member of the Bolshevik party, Stalin (his adopted name meaning "Man of Steel") had an active role in Russia's October Revolution in 1917. He maneuvered his way up the communist party hierarchy, and in 1922 was named General Secretary of the Central Committee. By the end of the 1920s Stalin had expelled his rival Leon Trotsky, consolidated power, and was the de facto dictator of the Soviet Union. In the 1930s Stalin summarily executed his political enemies and started aggressive industrial and agricultural programs that left untold thousands of peasants dead. During World War II Stalin was the commander of the Soviet military, and attended the postwar conferences at Yalta, Teheran and Potsdam. After Stalin's death he was denounced by his successor, Nikita Khrushchev, and "Stalinism" was officially condemned
Nikolai Karamzin
Conservative nobleman historian; lived 1766-1826; advocated for the national spirit; thought Peter I European-ized Russia too much and corrupted civic virtues; * argues against the emancipation of serfs- they have no land, so they will remain stuck in same position or turn to drinking. Wrote the History of the Russian State
July 7, 1906
Stolypin becomes prime minister
September 1907
Land Ukasi- helps peasants: redemptions cancelled, banks make loans available, crown land to peasants
1924
Lenin dies and Stalin takes over
Napolean
_______ enters Russia with the biggest army ever seen. Russia runs away, deep into Siberia. 2/3 of his troops didn't come out of Russia. The "land killed them".
M. Bakunin
Anarchists in the 1870's. Wealthy noble, wimp, rival with Marx. Was pro dictator but for destruction of government, and peasant uprising. Sees the revolution coming from peasants. Was against all states but a closet Authoritarian. Escaped from Siberia to the U.S.
Alexander II
(1856-1882) Emancipated the Serfs in 1861, also known for his many reforms, including lightening up censorship, including establishing Zemstvos, judicial reforms and military reforms.
1848/ 1849
The revolutions/ the intervention of 200,00 Russian troops into Habsburg- Austria
Tsar Fedor I
(1584-1598) Mentally Handicapped Son and successor of Ivan IV. Regeant was Boris Godunov
Who were the Allies?
Britain, France, US, Italy
holocaust
the genocide of jews during WW II
satire
a story that ridicules a person, society, or belief
Czartoryski
One of the "young friends" of Alexander I who gave him liberal/progressive advice on a regular basis. Also acted as Alexander's foreign minister.
1883
Restriction of the Zemstvos- back to ideology of Nicholas I
1815
Holy Alliance- A league of European nations formed by the leaders of Russia, Austria, and Prussia after the congress of Vienna
cities and towns
Nearly three-fourths of Russia's population lives here
Slavophiles
Russia's future lies in its past- the old Muscovite state, Russia is unique and must go its own way, Peter the Great is the Enemy, advocates absolute monarchy and the Zemskii Sobor, glorifies the Mir, Very conservative but want change
Great Northern War
Against Sweden. Began when Russia signed a 30 year peace treaty with The Ottoman Empire
Ivan III
(1462-1505) "The Great" Known as the "Gatherer of the Lands" unified the Russian states. Takes away the Veche bell and redistributes the land to his nobles. Broke the Mongol rule over Rus. Made an alliance with Crimea against Lithuania. Married a Byzantine princess. Centralized the government est. Governors and the Kormlenie (feeding system). wrote the Sudebnik of 1497.
Tsarina Alexandra
Wife of Nicholas II; executed along with Nicholas and their children
def imperialism
deomination by one country ofo the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region
1901
Ito goes to St. Petersburg from Japan, ignored
Nicholas II
(1895-1918) Did not want to be Tsar. Pobedonostsev was his tutor, Grandfather was murdered- very traumatic as well as stampede on day of coronation. Sergei Witte was his finance minister.
Andrei Kurbskii
Started as close friend of Ivan IV. then lost in a battle and defected to Lithuania (was another reason why Ivan was paranoid)
July 17 1915
Nickolas goes to front rasputin in full power
October 13, 1905
The entire Russian economy is shut down due to the October Strike
Ivan the Great
________ was born in 1480. ______ was a Czar. He defeated the Mongols.
Mestnichestvo System
limits the power if the Tsar to make appointments- noble ranking system based on ancestry
What happened when Czechoslovakia revolted?
their leader relaxed censorship and let them have freedoms, the Soviet Army invaded and crushed the new government
January 9, 1905
Bloody Sunday, a march (intended to be peaceful) of thousands of workers and their families led by Father Gapon on Palace Square, sparked by 4 members of Gapon's Labor Association getting fired, police and troops open fire.
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
The political uniform of Russia and surrounding the republics into once country.
What mistakes did Khruschev make to get him taken out of power?
Cuban Missile Crisis, tried and failed to produce more agriculture, spent too much on the military
2 Parts to the New Economic Policy
You could own a business if it had less than 20 employees and farmers could sell crops themselves
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