World Music Exam 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Gedampft
Muted
slurred
connected
Chordophones
string instruments
Golden Mean
Maestoso
majestic; dignified
Bach
Baroque (B)
MGTM
Time to Pretend
1929 (german)
The Trautonium
Otez
Remove the mute
largo
slowly and broadly
Agnus Dei
Lamb of God
Seven Families of Instruments
stringswoodwindsbrasspercussionkeyboardelectronichuman voice
alla marcia
in march tempo
Quittin' time song
thomas marshall
improvisation
performing without previous preparation
Idee fixe
recurrent theme; fixed idea
XERA
broadcasted from mexico-pirate radio- selling junk. Jimmy rodgers was a musician played on there.
sostenuto
sustained, prolonged, a slower tempo
a tempo
return to original speed
enharmonic pitches
C#=Db D#=Eb
free rhythm
non-metrical music singing and instrumental improvisation, used often in Arab music
Tromba lontana
late 20th century; fanfare, commissioned by Houston Symphony Orchestra
Functional Harmony
Has set direction, not random
Yoruba


west african language commonly seen in creolized music like santeria
thomas weelkes
english madrigalist from the renaissance.
pitch
relative highness or lowness in sound
____________was invented in Italy in 1700. The new pianoforte, as it was called, could be played both loud and soft. It gradually replaces the harpsichord. It gains a lot of popularity as a parlor instrument. Training on the piano, knowledge of French and
piano
largo
slow; in a broad, dignified style.
Franz Schubert
1797-1828. Established lied as more important form of art song. Wrote over 600 lieder. Recognized as a good composer only after his death. Schubertiads were his performances of his work by amateurs.
The Higher the pitch?
The faster the vibrations
Fugue
made famous by Bach, one movememnt instrumental composititon written systematically in imitative polyphony, usually with one main theme, the fugue subject
timpani
drum like in appearance, thunder like in sound
Gregorio Cortez corrido
song: mexican american hero corrido
Themes and Ideas of 1970's:
assertiveness, cynicism, power
Arcangelo Corelli
most prominent Italian violinist and composer of string music.
speak
to utter words or articulate sounds with the ordinary voice; talk:
'Symphonie Fantastique'
1830. Inspired by feelings for Harriet Smithson. Based on Beethoven's Pastoral Symphony and its' five part structure. Instrumental drama: accompanying program describes emotional movements. I. Dreams, passions. II. Ball. III. Scene in country. IV. March to scaffold. V. Dream of witches' sabbath. Use of ophecleide and key patterns unconventional in march. Modified sonata-form. Idee fixe represents Smithson and is repeated throughout. March has two contrasting themes: "somber and fierce" and "brilliant and somber."
Musical manifestation of social change
-comic opera-public concerts-the piano
Diatonic Scale
Set of seven pitches represented bu the white notes on the piano
Gregorian chant
melodies set to sacred latin text, sung without accompaniment; Gregorian chant was the official music of the Roman Catholic church
bebop
form of jazz that developed in the 1940s for small combos, with harder, more improvisatory music.
Form of many standard tunes. 32 bars long. 4 sections of 8 bars each. Includes a BRIDGE.
AABA
Most of the instruments playing at the same time?
HOMOPHONIC
raga
one of the melodic formulas of Hindu music having the melodic shape, rhythm, and ornamentation prescribed by tradition.
The Irish rock group of the late 1980s interested in political activism was
U2.
kouta songs,
sung by a geisha to the accompaniment of shamisen
Epitaph of Seikilos
complete Greek song from 2nd century; found carved in tombstone
Handel knew how to follow the tastes of the public in his compositional style. This is hown in his switch from writing ______________ to writing ________________.
Operas; oratorios
compound time
6/8, 3/8, 12/8 (basic beat is divided in 3)
Elvis Presley (1935-1977)
-Loved gospel music, R&B, as well as country music and pop, these influenced his sound.
-Sun Records Company
-1956: moves to RCA (major label) - turn towards pop.
-American icon: image crafted for mass consumption that resonates decades after his death.
recitative: secco and accompanied
basically speak singing, used to get through text while still singing
secco= no orchestra
accompanied=orchestra 
Cadence?
ENDING POINT OF A SECTION OF A SONG OR THE COMPLETE END OF A SONG. (LIKE A PERIOD AT THE END OF A SENTENCE)
SchubertÕs Lieder are written in the following formal structure(s):
 
a.  strophic.
b.  modified strophic.
c.  through-composed.
d.  all of the above.
e.  none of the above.
d.  all of the above.
Berg Violin Concerto No II
The only Violin Concerto on our list. Anton Berg, 1935
Does the opera orchestra accompany the voice, or is it an equal partner?
The orchestra accompanies the voice in an opera both are equal partners
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