World Music Quiz Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Kindertotenlieder
Mahler
primo
first
lento
slow.
Mezzoforte
Medium loud
Presto
Fast, rapidly
affrettando
quicken tempo
minor
alter the scale
Author of Kindertotenlieder
Ruckert
cantabile
in singing style
Ewe
tribe in Ghana
ritardando
becoming gradually slower.
Surprise Symphony No. 94
Haydn
timbales
are shallow single-headed drums with metal casing, invented in Cuba
Ritournello
a return or refrain
Mandad'ei comigo
Martin Codax, 1250
Clara Schumann's later creative activities were supported by the devotion of which composer
Brahms
intensifier
-issimoex: prestissimo: faster presto (very very fast)
Moderato
Refers to tempo; moderate speed
Double period
where the anteceedent/cosequent relationship is defined by pairs of phrases. Q+Q+A+A Ex. (a+a+b+b) = A
Stravinsky is connected with __________.
Primitivism
Ragged Time
white music played black
45 Record-Singles
7'' record, pushed by RCA
Billie Holiday
Contemp. 20th Century Era
considered one of the greastest jazz vocalits of all times.
Dixie
ensembleonly recording with a taboreen (playing the back beat)banjopercussion (bones)flutere-creation of a minstrel era performancecomposed by Dan Emmettmusical equivalent of the olde confederate flag
dance suite
collection of instrumental dances, each with its own distinct rhythm and character
colla parte
in unison with another part
Gershwin bridged the gap between popular and art music by writing Rhapsody in Blue, which reflected the character of jazz and yet was acceptable to a "cultured" audience.
True
allegretto
light, graceful, and moderately fast in tempo.
giusto
proper, exact (tempo giusto: in strict time)
Interval
the "distance" in pitch between any two tones
Soviet Realism
Aesthetic Doctrine espoused by Soviet Bloc authorities in the 20th Century to encourage artists to produce works in a readily accessible style. In music, works written under the influence of socialist realism typically incorporate folk or folk-like elements and project and overwhelmingly optimisitic tone.
Terraced Melodic contour
melodic contour(shape of melody) starts high and then descends and then starts high again(not as high) then descends-Lakota songs have specific-AABCBC
lower case mf
medium forte, or medium loud
dissonance
refers to combinations of pitches that sound harsh or unpleasant
Harem Renaissance Themes
Glorification of Black Americans Afrrican Heritage, traditionof Black folklore, and the daily life of Black people

is an ensemble of musicians organized around a core strings, playing under a leader.
orchestra
staccato
shortened and detached when played or sung:
22. This song has been described as surf music with Chicano rhythms:
Tequila
atonal
no sense of central pitch or harmony, no tonal center can be heard
dissonant 
Primitivism
Aesthetic movement of all the arts in the early 20th century that consciously avoided the cultivated traditions of Western art. In music primitivism gave special importance to rhythm, the most basic of all musical elements and abandoned or substantially altered such arbitrary (so-called civilized) concepts of voice leading, triadic harmony, and the major and minor forms of the diatonic scale. 
Synocopation
a displacement of the natural pulse of the music
Arthur Laurents
wrote the book for West Side Story
prominent Hollywood screenwriter
 
A bass part together with numbers that specify the chords to be played above it is called
basso continuo
Primary key center. Not going to end on.
Tonic
polychord
combination of 2 chords sounded at the same time
Classic Blues
Typically in the 12 bar blues form. Lyrics in the typical AAB form. Sexually risque, Double meanings. for example, "My man is such a handy man" -Alberta Hunter (83 years old when she sang this) very sexual innuendoes.
Sruti Box
South Indian reed organ used as a drone instrument
clausula
this appears at the end of a section of melismatic organut
Tibetan Buddhist Chant
» Melody for Mahakala» Om» Sacred, mystical syllable in numerous Easternreligions» From Sanskrit: to sound out loudly» Chant: Fundamental (bass note) andharmonics performed by single voice
Also called timbre [pronounced “tam ber”]
Each instrument has certain ____________
flat
of a tone lowered a half step in pitch:
MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) – .
a means for providing electronic communication between synthesizers and computers or other synthesizers. It enables sounds to be stored in memory until needed
How
was the Classical Period orchestra different than ever before?
Used today’s four families of instruments
treble clef/G clef
letter names the lines and spaces on a staff. bottom line;Every Good Boy Does Fine. bottom space; F A C E
A minor triad has a..
minor third, perfect fifth from the root.
What were two important features of "The Message" by Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five?
Social commentary; images of inner city
What takes longer to unfold: music or words? How does this affect the pacing of the drama?
The music takes longer to unfold than the words. This affects the pacing of the drama because the action usually stops to allow the music to unfold.
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