World Religion Q1 Final Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Haram
"forbidden"
thomas
doubting
yantras
Granthi
worship leader
hudson taylor
china
Brahmins
priest and scholars
Canaan
The promise land.
Descartes
Discourse on Method.
Eid-il-Fitr
breaking of fast celebration
Yahwah
Jewish name for God
"bhikshuni"
"Female Buddhist monastics. "
qur'an
holy book for islam
Sunna
first-hand accounts of Muhammad's words and actions
What religion believes in Ren?
Confucianism
"eschatology"
"Theological philosophy concerned with the end of the world"
Panth
The religious community in Sikhism.
anicca
Pali for "impermanence"; a Buddhist concept that all reality is constantly changing and without any permanence
Religion
"spirtiual path" "reconnect" - join human realm with spiritual realm
both augustine and john chrysostom supported Christians placing harsh burdens on Jews
true
Zionism
movement to establish a Jewish nation
This common approach to religion stresses following reason rather than religious authority and tries to fit into a systematic whole.
philosophy
Bhagavad Gita
Religious literary work about Krishna
James Madison
Written Memorial and (Remonstrance ?)
Henotheism
The belief in one supreme Godwhile acknowledging that other gods exists.
Upanishads
Discusses the nature of reality and spirituality
structuralism
an analytical approach that looks for universal structures that underlie language, mental processes, mythology, kinship, and religions; this approach sees human activity as largely determined by such underlying structures
followers of "The Way" emphasized the message of Jesus to be path of God
true
Samadhi
altered state of awareness (goal of yoga)
Bhakti Marga
Path of devotion. most popular. involves strict devotion to your god of choice.
Tripitaka
the three baskets or collections of Buddhist texts
Sanskrit
language spoken in the Indus River Valley
Protestant Liberal who emphasized the fatherhood and brotherhood of God and Humanity
Friedrich Schliermarcher
jnana yoga
the way to God through knowledge
Animistic
The belief that all things possess a soul or spirit.
Ghandi
"the father of India." Had a great role in the Indian independence movement and taught the principle of Ahimsa (non-violence)
Zen
the object of this is to infuse temporal with eternal, to widen the doors of perception so that wonder of the satori experience can flood everyday life
Dharmas
points or flashes of energy, make up everything but can't be described
Reincarnation
The belief that your soul is reborn into a new body.
"totem"
"An entity that watches over a person or a group of people. Can be an ancestor or an animal"
What King is Isaiah telling to remain faithful?
Ahaz
moriscos
In Spain during the 1400s and 1500s, newly converted Muslims were called _
What have Zoroastrians in India been called?
the Parsees
dualism
the belief that reality is made of two different principles (spirit and matter); the belief in two gods (good and evil) in conflict
Guatama
an indian prince who went on to become the founder of Buddhism
A place where one can sometimes escape punishment is_____
a sanctuary
English: Divine Love and Wisdom
Date: 1763Category: Doctrinal Topic (Lord-man-creation)
Rene Descartes
_ is considered the "Father of Modern Philosophy" and advocated the principle of "Systematic Doubt"
What is Pantheism?
Belief that the universe is God or Gods;  Everything you see is God
huston smith
you can have what you want-what do you want?-you've already got it.
charles v
_, the father of Philip ii, was the catholic king of spain and also Holy Roman Emperor
What was confucius' main goal?
To inform, form and reform society.  To change corrupt societies.  To bring morality back to china through the example of the chinzu
Religion is relationship-guiding of defining. Simply put_____
How do we relate to the other?
Mary, Queen of Scots
_ was convicted and executed on false charges of conspiring to commit treason
What happened the third day Christ was with the Nephites?
He brought/blessed the little childrenHe instructed the apostles
According to Dr. Akbar Ahmed, what does the Qur'an have to say about violence against innocents?
There is no justification for it-there is no real reason for their attacks.
THE FOUR NOBLE TRUTHS (KNOW FOR SHORT ANSWER/ESSAY)
Dukkha (suffering or dis-ease of life)Trauma of birth, sickness, aging process, fear of death, losses, etc.Tanha (desire or attachments)This is the root of all dis-easeNirodha (the cessation of suffering)Magga (the cure)The Eightfold Path
How can you recognize a true prophet?
They: Are foreordained Always cry repentance Bear witness of Jesus Christ Granted sealing power Establish true doctrine
What were the four things that gave Mormon his motivation to keep going?
1) Love2) Had the Savior as his anchor3) Worked, never ceased to labor4) Learned wisdom and kept commandments
How did Jesus offer a 5th option to his fellow Jews which was different from the Sadducees, the Essenes, the Zealots, and the Pharisees?
Jesus was not a priest of the temple, not a monk, not a military conqueror, and he emphasized God's compassion & forgiveness
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