World War I Flashcards

Terms Definitions
a lake.
food supplies; provisions.
not stylish; drab; old-fashioned:
having an offensive odor; stinking
When did the Great deprission happed?
deficient in quantity or quality; lacking fullness or richness; scanty; inadequate:
Man vs. Man, external, person vs. self
What day does WWI end?
Nov 11 1918
air, bearing, or demeanor, as showing character, feeling, etc.:
to watch over or guard as a sentinel.
Point of View
3rd Person partly limited, don't get what they think but we get enough to figure it out
Witch country had a bound treaty to France?
Great Britan
left or deserted, as by the owner or guardian; abandoned:
Who is the 2ed largest party in the cabnint in 1930?
Hitlers (nazie) party
German Submarines
give up power
Committee on Public Information. Increased public support for the war effort. Created by Wilson
an agreement to stop fighting
Gathering resources and preparing for war
a system of managing government through departments run by appointed officials
League of Nations
International congress of nations designed to settle disputes and protect democracy
countries that agree to give military or economic support to one another if necessary
A group that travels with something, such as a ship, to protect it
Payment by a defeared aggressor nation for damages caused by war
Telegram sent by Germany's foreign minister to Mexico during WWI proposing an alliance between the two countries.
someone who believes that the people as a whole, rather than private individuals, should own all property and share the profits from all businesses
the policy of building up strong-armed forces to prepare for war.
love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
Peace agreement removing Russia from the war
German submarine in World Wars 1 and 2
The Guy that sent the Zimmerman Note.
WW2 tactic, used by Japanese pilots of crashing planes filled with explosives into allied ships
a military person lost (as by death or capture) during warfare
The space in between the trenches of the fighting of WWI
people who refuse to fight in any war because they believe that all war is evil.
WASPs (Women Airforce Service Pilots)
organizations of civilian female pilots employed to fly military aircraft under the direction of US army airfoces during WW2
Laws punishing people for aiding the enemy or refusing military duty during WWI
national self-determination
The right of the people to decide how they should be governed
what is no mans land.
The space between trenches in trench warfare.
Selective Service Act
this law required all men age 21 to 30 to register for the military draft (May 18, 1917)
Impact that women made in WW1.
They took desk jobs in military and became nurses. They also worked in factories.
What did the tearty of verailles call for.
It said that Germany had to pay for the war damages, take full responsibilty for the war, Reduce the size of military, and Germany lost colonies.
body lice
Stimulate production
Eliminate Waste
War Industries Board lead by Baruch
triple alliance
germany, austria-hungary, italy
country controlls another country
england control palestine. eventusally becomes independent jewish state.
Portsmouth agreement
ended Russo-Japanese War
alliance system
defense agreement among nations
Vittorio Orlando
Prime Minister of Italy
what was the "blank check"?
Speech or actions that encourage rebellion
Big Bertha
the German army's new canon
no man's-land
space in between the trenches
"forbidding the sale of certain materials to a country"
Emperor William II
Leader of Germany WWI
3 Multinational Empires
Austria-Hungary, Russia, Ottoman Empire
Where was the Speech held?
Capitol building.
government by one person having unlimited power
Boxer Rebellion
1899 rebellion in Beijing, China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the "foreign devils". The rebellion was ended by British Troops.
city in which the Archduke of Austria-Hungary was assassinated
groups of ships that were escorted across the Atlantic by warships for safety
2nd result of ww1
leauge of nations created
Boer War
caused tension between Great Britain and Germany since William II gave weapons to Boers
Trench Warfare
two sides fight eachother from opposing trenches
This was a legislative parliament in Russia with real political power
a region where warfare is taking place
Sussex pledge
before attack, Germany u-boats would surface and give warning, broke the pledge
33. Germany's unlimited support of Austria after the assassination
Blank check
18th Amendment
1919; national ban on alcoholic drinks
ferdinand foch
french general in charge of allies
Eastern Front
-Russians vs. Germans and Austria Hungary- indecisive fighting
-Germans could push the Russians back, but there was too much Russia ahead of them
-1917 the Eastern Front ended- Russian Revolution brought a new government that signed a peace treaty (Brest-Litovsk)
a deadlock in which neither side could score a clear victory
Schlieffen Plan
Attack plan by Germans, proposed by Schliffen, lightning quick attack against France. Proposed to go through Belgium then attack France, Belgium resisted, other countries took up their aid, long fight, used trench warfare.
When a country takes land under their ruling
powder keg
the balkan penninsula are because of the conflicts
an action taken to isolate an enemy and cut off its supplies by the sea
Liberty Bonds
bonds bought by Americans which lent their money to the government to pay for the war (they raised $21 billion, which is more than half of what was spent in total)
Henry Cabot Lodge
leader of Reservationists; if there were a League of nations already france would not have been able to help during the rev. war and u.s would not have been able to take the spanish
Anna Anderson
polish factory worker who was believed to be Anastasia
Who organized a woman's suffrage movement in England?
the Pankhurst family
Armenian Massacre
mass slaughter of Armenians in Ottoman Empire
a region in western Germany that is rich in coal... the French throw in the Treaty of Versailles that all coal produced here is the property of France.
National Security League
pushed for bigger army/navy anda system of universal military training(draft)
Charles Schenck
Schenck was a socialist who was convicted under the Espionage Act. He mailed 15,000 letters telling men not to join the war. Clear and present danger test (used in his court case) is still used to determine if speech is protected under the First Amendment.
Nazi Party
The political party founded in Germany in 1919 and brought to power by Hitler in 1933
Treaty Of Versailles
ordered Germany to pay reparations for all damages, reduce its army, cut back its navy, and eliminate its airforce
Naval Blockades
It was an attempt to keep everything from getting into a country through using the Navy. This was used by the british in order to force germany to surrender.
Kaiser Wilhem II
Germany's last Kaiser, had ties to British Royalty
Nuetrality proclamation
calles on americans to be neutral in thought and action
Military Service Act
this act, introduced by Borden, made enlistment compulsory
Versailles Treaty
The treaty signed at the end of WWI
SALT I was a series of negotiations between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. on the issue of nuclear arms reduction. The talks helped lower the total number of missiles each side would have and eased the tension between the two.
Second Battle of the Marne
Germans spent, counteroffensive that began an irreversible German withdrawal
The Assination at Sarajevo
The Assasination of an Austrain monarch which was one of the events that was responsible for starting the war.
A. Philip Randolph
a union leader who threatened a mass protest unless Roosevelt moved to end discrimination in the armed forces
date that wilson asked congress to declare war on germany
april , 2, 1917
Central Powers
in World War I the alliance of Germany and Austria-Hungary and other nations allied with them in opposing the Allies
U.S. Declaration of war
(April, 1917): factor to enter was Germany's resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare in Feb. • Paris Peace Conference (1919): Clemenceau, Lloyd George, Wilson: meeting of the Allied victors in World War I to set peace terms for Germany and other defeated nations, and to deal with the empires of the defeated powers following Armistice of 1918 Peace of Paris Treaties: required Germany to accept sole responsibility and guilt for causing the war, reduction in the military potential of former Central Powers, prohibition of Germany and Austria joining powers, and causers pay for war.
Schenck v. United States
agreed with claim hat congress could restrict speech if the words are "of such a nature as to create a clear and present circumstance"
vladimir lenin
didn't want to be involved in the war. bolshevik leader. established communist government.
Czar Nicholas II
- Czar Nicholas II agreed to carry out political reform, like Duma. o Had they been instituted, would've made Russia like a liberal democracy. o However, instead, workers formed a parallel Soviet, or workers council, to contrast Duma.. o Liberal revolution had failed when czar brought troops back and crushed the rebellion. o Trotsky saw it as a "dress rehearsal" for things to come
Kaiser Wilhelm II
Cousin of King George V, in the army, popular with subjects: German
29. Which of the following had the greatest impact on the outcome of WWI? ... The battle of Gallipoli, The aging of total war, The involvement of the US, or The Russian Revolution
the aging of total war
3rd result of the traty of versailles
new countries --> yugoslovia , finland , estonia , poland
In what ways did Hitler defy the Treaty of Versailles?
He began to rebuild Germany's armies, he sent troops into the Rhineland region of Germany, and his armies occupies Austria
to allow the russian government to focus on internal problems
why did lenin pull russia out of the war by giving in to Germany
Giant Aiplanes
mandatory military service
Germany, Italy, Japan
When was Auschwitz liberated?
Italian fascist dictator (1883-1945)
Patriotic belief by a people
To prepare military for war
Invasion of Normandy
What was D-Day?
location were Italians were positioned
to return to their home countries
both used this to gain support
Total War
nations mobilize all available resources in order to destroy another nation's ability to engage in war
In what year did WWI start?
ideas or information designs and spread to influence opinion
4 Conditions of WWI
Imperialism, Assassination, Boundaries, Nationalism
Quing Dynasty
China's political, military, and economic position weakens under this dynasty.
june 28th, 1914
date of archduke ferdinand's assasination?
Triple Entente
An alliance between Great Britain, France and Russia in the years before WWI.
Allied Powers
Great Britain, France, Italy, Russia, and later the US
Macadam Shovel
he MacAdam Shield-Shovel, also known as the Hughes Shovel, was an item of Canadian infantry equipment designed at the beginning of the First World War
Bolshevik Revolution
czar Nicolas II abdicated; provisional government temporary; Bolsheviks headed by Vladamir Lenin; communists take over Russian government "peace, bread and land"
Woodrow Wilson
28th President of the United States
Bloody Sunday
In Russia 1905 Russian soldiers inadvertently opened fire on demonstrators, turning them against the tsar. Possibly the start of the Revolution.
Franco Prussian War
1871; French lost to Germany
Good neighbor policy
Roosevelt canceled the platt Amendment which the United States had used to intervene in cuban affairs
Kaiser William II
Emperor of Germany that gave Austria-Hungary a "blank check"
africa and india
where were the colonial fronts primarily
"no man's land"
space between opposing trenches; a rough, barren landscape with craters from artillery
on the western front, neither side gains more than ___ miles in over ___ years
10; 2
Allies (WWI)
group of nations that opposed the Central Powers (Great Britain, France, Russia, U.S., Italy, and others)
the right of people to decide their own political status
War Bonds
Loans that citizens give to the government to pay for the war in return if the country wins the get the money back plus some.
Alexander III
used harsh measure to punish the Russian people
A British ocean liner whose sinking by a German U-boat caused American public opinion to swing against Germany.
Prepearedness Movement
Business leaders were afraid of losing money, wanted U.S. to be prepared in case we joined the war.
The Republic of China who hoped to retake the Jiaozhou Bay occupied by Germany between 1898 and 1914 suffered diplomatic failure at the Paris Peace Conference, 1919.
Fourteen Points
Wilson's plan for peace; main pts; series of specific proposals for setting postwar boundaries in Eur and created new countries of fallen empires; genreal principals for governing international conduct; called for League of Nations; offered a plan deeply rooted in liberal progressivism
Bernard Baruch
Head of the War Industries Board; threatened forced conscription among the unemployed
Eddie Rickenbacker
An aviation officer in World War I
What country dropped out of the Three Emperors league because of the disagreement over the Balkins?
A document signed at the end of World War I between the allies and Germany.
iraq, israel, jordan
what did Britain mandate after the war?
how many people died from the war?
9 million-11 million
Gavrilo Princip
A member of the Black Hand, June 28,1914 as the arch dukes car drove by again after the group failed he was able to fire twice into the back seat. he killed the archduke and his wife on there trip to serbia.
Archduke Francis Ferdinand (1863-1914)
hated by the Serbian nationalists; assassinated by Bosnian Serb Gavrilo Princip.
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
U.S.W., German u-boats would sink any enemy ship w/o warning including merchant ships
General von Moltke
Part of triumvirate with Bismark and Roon, Chief of Prussian Staff
czar nicholas 2
came to throne in Russia, grandfather Alexander 2. Devoted to holding absolute power of Czars
ended WWI and required Germany to pay reparations, take blame for the war, reduce its military, and lose many colonies.
Treaty of Versailles
Austria declared war on Serbia
-On July 28th, 1914
-The bombardment of Belegrade began on July 29th
the Lusitania, an american ship sunk by German submarines.
Which ship sank in 1915?
Puerto Rico and Guam
Which two are still part of the US?
Two Sides of the War
Central Powers had victories in the beginning because Great Britain and France could not work together and Russia was unprepared
The U.S Enters
Loistania - germany says they will sink any ship .
- Germany asks Mexico to get involved in return .
- we got telearan & got involved .
Loistania - germany says they will sink any ship .
- Germany asks Mexico to get involved in return .
- we got telearan & got involved .
Why was Mussolini's dismissal a blow to Hitler?
He was a ally of the Nazis
What were some of the 14 points?
1) end to secret agreements
2) freedom of the seas and trade
3) self determination (own territory and forms of government)
4) League of Nations to help prevent future war
Why was the United States not a memeber of the League of Nations?
The senate denied permision fo rthe united states to join.
What goal for postwar peace was shared by British and French leaders?
to weaken Germany and make it pay for the war
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