World War I Vocab 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
kaiser
emperor
Mir
Village council
U-Boats
"Unterwasser" German Submarines
president poincare
leader of france
Nationalism
Patriotism to an extreme.
Carrie Chapman Catt
led NAWSA
Gallipoli
southwest of Constantinople, the Allies tried to open a Balkan front by landing forces there
triple entente
great britain, france, russia
Doughboys
French nickname for U.S. troops
Alliances
Bismarckian Alliance System-no one declared war because they knew the alliances would make war too costly
alot about
-greed
-$$$ (wanted more trade)
Allies
Countries that fought against Germany and Austria-Hungary during World War 1 (ex. Great Britain)
GENOCIDE
Systematic killing of an entire people
Isolationism
US doesn't want war
Wilson is neutral
People usually support allies b/c similar govt. and culture
Reparations
Payments for damages and expenses brought on by war
armistice
a temporary stop to fighting;a truce
War Tactics
trench warfare, tunneling, tanks, fighter pilots, machine guns
racism
Belief that one racial group is superior to another and use discriminatory or abusive behavior towards members of another race
Lusitania
British passenger ship sunk by the Germans killing 128 Americans
1914
World War I begins after Archduke Ferdinand is assassinated
League of Nations
an international association formed after World War I with the goal of keeping peace among nations
because took over Bosnia
why Serbia hated Austria-Hungary
what is communism?
a system of shared ownership
Triple Alliance (Central Powers)
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Turkey, Italy
Germany's punishment
Articel 231, eliminate airforce, pay reparations to GB and FR.
Militarism
to increase the strength of a military
Isolationist
after WWI, Americans who wanted the U.S. to stay out of world affairs
Trench warfare
dug trenches for protection, fought from trenches
SU was power dominated by whom?
ethnic russians
Imperialism
the countries of Europe had spent their time expanding outside of Europe and would continue to do so into the mid 1900s, Austria-Hungary will make an imperialistic play that leads to catastrophe
D- Day
when Allied forces were ready to undertake the invasion of France
Alliance System
a group of nations or organizations formed to support a common goal
immediate cause of WWI
assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
what do all the underlying causes of WWI spell?
MANIA
Total War
demands total resources of an entire nation be mobilized for the war effort
pacifists
someone who refuses to fight in any war because they think war is evil
Internment
the act of confining someone in a prison (or as if in a prison)
Archduke Ferdinand
(archduke of Austria Hungary); goes to Serajevo, Bosnia; has the most sympathy towards Bosnia; he and his wife are murdered
Slav
Slav was the Balkan state that Russia and Austria were in conflict over who would take over this state.
U-boat
German submarine in World War 1 and World War 2
Underlying causes
tensions that build up over time between nations
Kruger Telegram
roused British ire at Germany for congratulating the Boers on their victories over British troops in South Africa
MacArthur
commanded UN forces in the Korean War, removed later for wanting to bomb Manchuria
woodrow wilson
28th President of the United States (1913-1921)
Born
December 28, 1856, Staunton, Virginia
Full Name
Thomas Woodrow Wilson
Nickname
"Schoolmaster in Politics"
Education
College of New Jersey (now Princeton University), graduated 1879
Religion
Presbyterian
Germany
doubled the size of its army between 1892 and 1913.
Balkan Wars
two wars (1912-1913) that were fought over the last of the European territories of the Ottoman Empire and that left the area around Constantinople (now Istanbul) as the only Ottoman territory in Europe
Provisional Government
decided to carry on the war to preserve Russia's honor
George V
King of England who will deny asylum to cousin Czar Nicholas II
Committee of Public Information
This government agency was a propaganda body whose purpose was to mobilize public support for U.S. participation in World War I. The goal was to make sure citizens' loyalty to the United States stayed strong. The agency was in charge of staging a national campaign to encourage service in the military and the purchase of war bonds to fuel the massive military effort. 75,000 speakers and100 million copies of pamphlets outlined the U.S. stance on the war. George Creel, a progressive journalist and publicist, led the agency and was instrumental in engineering the image the American public came to have of Kaiser Wilhelm III and his countrymen as "barbaric Huns.
Belleau Wood
a World War I battle in northwestern France where the Allies defeated the Germans in 1918. This was the first battle America fought in.
czar nicholas
tried to avoid war but couldnt 1917 abdicated his throne
ethinic groups
people who share a common language and traditions
Arms Race
As David Stevenson has put it, "A self-reinforcing cycle of heightened military preparedness...was an essential element in the conjuncture that led to disaster...The armaments race...was a necessary precondition for the outbreak of hostilities.
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SALT II
SALT II was a second series of negotiations between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. about nuclear arms reduction. The talks, though never ratified by the Senate due to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, both sides agreed to limit strategic launchers and weapons.
Charles Evans Hughes
Supreme Court justice nominated by the Republicans in the Election of 1916 to run against Wilson
Treaty in US
Senate rejected the treaty. They did not want to be in the League of Nations. US could be forced to join foreign wars.
Wilson traveled around the US , trying to win support for the Treaty. He suffered a stroke and was disabled for the rest of his term
What countries had Germany conquered by June 1940?
Denmark, Poland, Norway, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands
Arabic and Sussex Pledges
(pledges) Germany promises not to sink unarmed ships. Eventually broke it.
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
Czar Nicholas II
Russian emperor in world war I- ally of France and Britain
Russian Revolution of 1905
In order to appease people he:retained control over the executive branch and extensive legislative powers.
The waters around England
were a "war zone" because England would fire without warning on any enemy merchant ship that entered the zone
Battle of the Coral sea
The fleet to attack the Japanese northeast of Australia
Why was the island hopping technique successful?
American troops bypassed Japanese troops on islands that would not make good air bases.
Rome Berlin Axis
- In 1936 the Nazi Hitler and the Fascist Mussolini allied themselves in this alliance.
What important happened in the US after the invasion of Germany?
President Roosevelt died of a stroke
Military Strengths and Weaknesses
Britain had a very strong navy and had a huge empire with colonies around the world. But obviously Britain is an island and therefore cut off from Europe and possible allies...This could be a weakness.
France also had a very strong empire and armed forces. It was fighting Germany for land in Africa and the fact that Germany (a possible enemy) was right next door to it was a disadvantage. Russia was very poor and could not fund a large army but had plenty of men so strength in numbers. Germany was struggling to gain an empire like France and Britain and was making an enemy of France in Africa and was in the unfortunate position of being surrounded by Russia and France, two potential enemies.Austria-Hungary was a big empire in itself and had a natural ally with Germany as they spoke the same language. Italy failed to gain any kind of an empire and was not a strong military force.
what does lenin do once he takes over?
pulls russia out of the war
How did women serve in the military?
30,000 served in Army and Nurse Corps many filed papers and some were members of Navy and Marine Corps
why and from who did germany seek a peace agreement?
from the keizer, wanted it because they would soon be defeated
propaganda
...
Propoganda
exagorating the truth
Central Powers
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria
triple Alliance
Alliance among Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy at the end of the 19th century; part of European alliance system and balance of power prior to World War I.
Illiterate
Unable To Read Or Write
diplomatic
maintaining relationships with other countries by using words and sometimes gifts
reperations
payments to cover war damages
Disarmament
Removal or reduction of Military
Sussex Pledge
Germans wouldn't attack passenger ships & would warn them
romans
had the most influence on europe
Zimmermann Telegram
German foreign minister Arthur Zimmermann offered to help Mexico recover Texas,New Mexico, and Arizona
nazism
The doctrines of nationalism, racial purity, anti-Communism, and the all-powerful role of the State. The National Socialist German Workers Party, otherwise known as the Nazi Party. Nazism was advocated by Adolf Hitler in Germany.
how did ww2 begin?
germany invaded poland
command economy
government controls all resources and production
Mustafa Kemal
Led the Turkish nationalist overthrow of the Ottoman sultan in 1922 & ran the Greeks out of Turkey. He then became the president of the Republic of Turkey in 1923. To modernized Turkey, he separated Islamic laws from the nation's laws. He modeled the new legal system off of European law and also some U.S. law. Women had more right under his rule. They were allowed to vote and hold public office. He died in 1938 known as Ataturk, "father of the Turks."
Causes for WWI
M ilitarism
A lliances
I mperalism
N ationalism
empire
a group of diverse companies under common ownership and run as a single organization
Gavrilo Princip
Assassinates Ferdinand on June 28th, 1914
Entente Cordiale
France & Britain enter friendly agreement (no military commitmet) & recognize each others african holdings (britian-egypt & france-morocco)
Russia
The slumbering Giant, less than half of the inhabitants spoke russian, a huge population, 2 times as much as Germany, weak military, slow in industrialization, army was poorly equipped
Dwight Eisenhower
United States general who supervised the invasion of Normandy and the defeat of Nazi Germany noun
Ex. 34th President of the United States (1890-1961)
Bolsheviks
Won Russian Civil War / Communist Revolution.
stalemate
a situation in which no progress can be made or no advancement is possible
the duma
an elected group of socialists that had very little power and was used to stop absolute monarch
1. unrestricted vs. restrictive
unrestricted v.s. restricted submarine warfare
Polish Corridor
area taken from Germany to make Poland
War guilt clause
in treaty of Versailles; declared germany and austria responsible for WWI; ordered Germany to pay reparation to Allied powers
In what year did the U.S. congress vote to go to war?
1917
George Creel
head of the committee on Public Information
former muckraker journalist
paris peace conference
The great rulers and countries excluding germany and Russia met in Versailles to negotiate the repercussions of the war, such leaders included Loyd George (Britain), Woodrow Wilson (America), Cleamancu (France) and Italy. The treaty of Versailles was made but not agreed to be signed and the conference proved unsuccessful.
draft
lawm requring people of a certain age to serve in the military
Pacifist
people who opposed the use of violence and war
new nations created in ww1 (2)
Czech. and Yugoslavia
Battle of Midway
U.S. naval victory over the Japanese fleet in June 1942, in which the Japanese lost four of their best aircraft carriers. It marked a turning point in World War II.
Charles de Gaulle
Leader of France during World War II
Proclamation of Neutrality
The declaration that the United States would not become militarily involved in World War I
How did the U.S. government raise money to fight the war
sold war bonds
Germany's Schelfin Plan
called for defeating France and then fighting Russia
"Red Summer," race riots (1919)
spurred by Great Migration, large-scale riots, lynchings, &c.
2 Rival Alliances (who)
Triple Alliance (IGA) and Triple Entente (FRB)
croix de guerre
french award from bravery (cross of war) henry johnson an african american soldier was the first american to recieve honor
where and when was archduke ferdinand assassinated?
sarajevo, july 1914
What did some American settlers in Hawaii become?
Rich sugar plantation owners.
tsar nicholas ii
Ruler of Russia prior to lenin, Forced to step down and was killed, Autocratic ruler that expressed decent like Lenin
Explain the Schliffen Plan
*Whose plan was it?
Germany and Belgium
*Why was this plan created?
It was Germany's plan if they had to fit a two- front war
*What action did the plan call for? Why?
A large part of the german army would race west and then return to fight Russia in the east
*What did success of the plan rely upon?
Belgium to let them go through there country to get to France but they refused
New Economic Polic (NEP)
Lenin changed the economy by create the ......... which allowed a small scale capitalism. This was very successful.
French and American troops defeated the Germans (October 1918)
Battle of the Argonne Forest
The Armistice of WWI
In a railroad car in France, they signed saying the combat would cease until the 11 hour of the 11 day of the 11 month of 1918
What countries were part of the Central Powers?
Germany, Austria- Hungary, later joined by Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire
Leyte Gulf in the Philippines
Japan loses approx. 60 ships, as US takes command of the Pacific theater.
What happened because wages were cut?
Labor strikes (when workers refuse to work, usually as a protest over some grievances)
Germany , Britian , Russia , France
4 nations which declared war in addition to Austria & Serbia .
What was Hawaii an ideal place for?
It was an ideal place for coaling stations and naval bases for ships traveling to and from Asia.
What was the effect of the total war on ordinary citizens?
Rationins , Propoganda , No free speed draft
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