World War II 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
limit goods
rationing
Germany followers
Brownshirts
race riots
Detroit
Neutrality Act
1939
Spain - leader
Franco
World War 2
1939-1945
capital of Japan
Tokyo
women in Navy
WAVES
Axis countries
Germany, Italy, Japan
Great Britain - leader
Churchill
capital of USA
Washington, DC
invade England
control the sky
Anschluss
merging Germany with Austria
Joseph Stalin
the Soviet dictator
Tobruk in Libya
British defeated Italians
September 1, 1939
Germany invades Poland
Germany 1939
conquered rest of Czechoslovakia
industry reaches highest production levels in US history
homefront
US financed war efforts
selling bonds
Manchuria
a region in northeastern China
head of the Afrikan Korps
Erwin Rommel
country conquered and divided
France by Germany
Stalin Grad
fought between Germany and Russia
Fascism
A political philosophy that advocated a strong, centralized, nationalistic government headed by a powerful dictator.
D-Day
Operation Overlord: June 6, 1944 Allied invasion of Normandy, France.
Germans caught between two armies
American and British
Operation Barbarosa
three pronged attack (attacked from three sides)
Appeasement
policy of concessions in exchange for peace
Concentration Camps
prison camps established by Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party for Jews and other political prisoners during the war.
United Nations
This world peace organization was created after WWII and is still in existence.
any country could buy weapons (still Cash and Carry)
Neutrality Act
Red Army
The name of the Soviet Unions military
Hiroshima
This was where the first atomic bomb was dropped. (Little Boy. August 6, 1945)
The main fighting in Asia began when Japan invaded what country?
China
Battle of the Bulge
Germany's last offensive; occurred December 1944; won by Allies
What happened at Stalingrad?
von Paulus (German field Marshall) surrendered to Chuikov (Russian)
Nuremberg Laws
A group of laws that robbed German Jews of their citizenship in 1935
Pearl Harbor
It was attacked on December 7, 1941; when Japanese attacked it, U.S. joined the war.
Who were the three main Axis Powers?
Germany, Italy, Japan
What countries' governments became dictatorships?
Italy, Japan, Germany, Russia, and Spain
Battle of Okinawa
The island was the last obstacle that stood between the Allies and the final assault on Japan; Japanese used kamikaze attacks; the U.S. won
Battle of Midway
Turning point in the Pacific; at the battle, the U.S sunk four Japanese aircraft carriers.
Operation Barbarosa - Field Marshalls
von Leeb, von Bock, and von Rundstedt
turning point for Russia (eastern front)
von Paulus surrendered to Chuikov at Stalingrad
What were some examples of discrimination faced by African-Americans during World War II?
Most were kept out of combat; they were given jobs like, cooks, truck drivers, and supply detail.
What happened (goods) because of the neutrality laws?
no war goods shipped, non war goods sold
How did the war go at first for the Axis?
Very well; Axis controlled most of Europe, North Africa, Pacific, and a large area of Asia
kaiser
german empoer
capituler
to capitulate
Third Reich
German empire
Hirohito
Emperor of Japan
Adolf Hitler
dictator of Germany
dissent
the act of protesting
Sitzkrieg
sitting war, phony war
May 8, 1945
V-E day
il duce
the leader (Mussolini's nickname)
Lebensraum
German word meaning "living space"
Where were all death camps?
Poland
WAVES
Women Appointed for Volunteer Emergency Service in the Navy
FRANCE: germans control what part
lower
Dachau
first concentration camp in Germany
Date- Atomic Bomb
August 6, 9, 1945
1940
when was the battle of britain
Collective farms
farms run by the government
Stalingrad
turning point in war in Europe
operation overload
invasion of west europe (d-day)
Subversion
the overthrowing or undermining of something established, such as a government
Russia
around Japan 1940 signed a non-aggression pact with..........
______________ disapproved of the policy of appeasement with Germany
Winston Churchill
Final Solution
Hitler's program of systematically killing the entire Jewish people
Blitzkrieg
German for lightning war; emphasized speed and close coordination between planes in the air and fast-moving forces on the ground
bracero program
recruitment of Mexican laborers to work in the United States during World War II
Anti-Comintern Pact
agreement between Germany and Japan directed against Communist Soviet Union.
Benito Mussolini
leader of italy who invaded Ethipoia
Erwin Rommel
German field marshal noted for brilliant generalship in North Africa during World War II (1891-1944)
Gestapo
the secret state police in Nazi Germany
Island Hopping
WWII strategy of conquering only certain Pacific islands that were important to the Allied advance toward Japan
Isolationism
A national policy of abstaining from political or economic relations with other countries
manhattan project
u.s lab made first atomic bomb
Midway
World War II Pacific battle; decisive U.S. victory over powerful Japanese carrier force.
Truman Doctrine
policy providing military and economic aid to any country threatened by Communism or other totalitarian ideology
Munich Conference
1938 conference at which European leaders attempted to appease Hitler by turning over the Sudetenland to him in exchange for promise that Germany would not expand Germany's territory any further.
Stalin v Trotsky
fight it out over power
Wiemar Republic
-After WWI, German chancelor resigned and this democratic government came to power.
-Most germans hated the idea of democracy.
-Ended because the Depression made people not believe in the Republic, they looked into other political parties.
Rosie the Riveter
Advertising campaign character who encouraged women to take factory jobs.
August 9, 1945
Fat Man dropped on Nagasaki
Hyperinflation
economic problems + payment to Allies ->Germany prints money -> loses dollar value -> inflation
Effect: you need more money to buy basic goods, workers with fixed incomes 's life savings became worthless, make the Germans question the Weimar republic
Communism
Economic system in which all property is owned by the community
Iron Curtain
The line that divided Soviet-dominated Eastern Europe from Western Europe.
RFC
Passed in January 1932, this measure loaned money to businesses and provided funds for state and local programs providing relief
Battle of Stalingrad
location of of Frebruary 1943 surrender of the Germans to the Soviet Army (became the turning point of World War II in Europe)
sitzkreig
the winter of 1939 to 1940 was nicknamed ___ or phony war because britain and france just waited for a german attack
Manchurian Crisis
-Japan, led by emperor Tojo, expands into Korea and moves in on Manchuria
-China files complaint with League of Nations, League agrees that Japan was violating China's soverignty, Japan withdrew from the League
-Japanese captured Manchuria and renamed it Manchuko, became an integral part of Japan, Japan went on to conquer the Pacific Rim
James Farmer
in 1942 founded CORE; organized the first sit-ins against Chicago restaurants in 1947; became CORE national director in 1961; took part in Freedom Rides; in 1981 joined the faculty of Mary Washington College
Nurremburg Laws
Laws enforced by Hitler that denied German citizenship to Jews
Neville Chamberlain
Prime Minister of great Britain who made the Munich Agreement with Hitler.
Invasion of Manchria
-the malitions launched a surprise attack and ceased control of manchria
-put japans government in control
Winston Churchill
British Prime Minister. Part of the Yalta Conference. Replaced Chamberlain. Gets the United States to become not so isolated. Knew all along that Germany was bad and said that they would not back down until Germany surrendered.
Holocaust
Mass murder of European Jews by Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party.
What was the new European country that came out of WWI?
Yugoslavia
Stalin's Russia
Soviet Dictator during WWII and the beginning of the Cold War. In 1943 regained two-thirds of Soviet motherland taken from him by Hiltler. Leader of Soviet Union against Hilter, allied with United States. Met with Churchill and Roosevelt at Teheran from November 28 - December 1, 1943 and agreed to attack Germany from all sides.
The London Blitz
Bombings from Germany on London. Hitler wanted the British to lose morale. had opposite effect.
Atlantic Charter
1941-Pledge signed by US president FDR and British prime minister Winston Churchill not to acquire new territory as a result of WWII amd to work for peace after the war
collective bargaining
right of unions to negotiate with management for workers as a group
Casablanca Conference (1943)
Churchill and Roosevelt stated that the Allies would only accept an unconditional surrender from the Axis Powers.
Cordell Hull
Secretary of State when pearl harbor was bombed
New Technology of Warfare
Airplanes, Submarines, Machine Guns, Modern Artillery, Poison Gas (Chlorine, Phosgene, Mustard Gas, Tear Gas), Flame Throwers, Tanks
Lend Lease Act
Passed in March 1941. gave president power to lend, sell, transanfer title to any country
V-E Day
May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered
Pearl Harbor Fails
3rd wave wasn't sent
woke a sleepign dragon
missed air carriers
Double V Campaign
African Americans pledged to fight for "Double Victory" - victory over Hitler in Europe, but also against racism at home.
FRANCES PERKINS
first woman to hold Cabinet post, who cast the only dissenting vote when US voted to go to war with Japan
warsaw pact
what was the alliance among the soviet union and 7 satellite states in eastern europe
Dwight D. Eisenhower
commander of the Allied forces in Europe who organized the D-Day invasion
general percy hobart
commander of the british 79th armored division during the war and an important military engineer. he created many specialied armored vehicles, including the line of hobart's funnies, amphibious tanks that helped the allies storm the beachs of normandy
Pearl Harbour
A harbour in Hawaii which was attacked by the Japanese on December 7, 1941, an event which led the US to enter the war.
VJ - Day
Victory over Japan on August 14, 1945
Stimson Doctrine
A policy of the United States federal government. It called for the non-recognition of international territorial changes that were executed by force.
Central Powers of World War I
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy and Ottoman Empire
Executive Order 8022
Fair Employment Act it was signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on June 25, 1941 to prohibit racial discrimination in the national defense industry. It was the first federal law to promote equal opportunity and prohibit employment discrimination in the United States
Franklin Roosevelt
Runs for a third term in 1940 and wins. He did not want U.S. to go to war.
flapper
in the US & Europe in the 1920s, a rebellious young woman
Atlantic Wall
Fort built on the coast of france to prepare for invasion
Policy of Appeasment
give somneone what they want in order to get them to stop
Battle of the Coral Sea
May 1942; America and Australia stopped Japan's advance ; Allies intercepted the Japanese fleet as it attempted to take more territory; fought entirely by carrier-based planes
Beer Hall Putsch
organized by H, wanted to take over Bavaria and then cause revolution and take over Berlin but broken up by police and Hitler wrote Mein Kampf in prison
Describe the characteristics of a totalitarian government that existed under Mussolini & Hitler
no freedom, state controls everything, no individual rights
Problems with WWI Peace Agreements
The Treaty of Versailles brought the war to an end. European countries wanted to weaken Germeny with the treaty. They felt that it was not harsh enough on the Germans.
17. Who was Harry Truman?
President of the United States when Roosevelt died. He made the decision to drop the Atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
What was the Manhattan Project?
The secret testing of an atomic bomb in the US.
Who was the British Prime Minister who represented Great Britian at the Munich Conference and declared
"We Have peace in Our Time."?
What happened at the Battle of Midway
The Japanese tried to take the island of Midway, an American military base. However, the Japanese failed. The Americans sank Japanese Aircraft carriers, Japanese aircraft, and reduced their supply of highly trained pilots.
intern
temporary imprisonment
General Tojo
...
Kamikaze
Japanese suicide pilot
Sept. 2, 1945
V-J Day
sonar
Sound Navigation And Ranging
Italy (type of government)
Fascism
Who was Czech President?
Emil Hacha
rationed
limited amount of certain goods
Josef Stalin
Russian dictator during WWII.
Reinhard Heydrich
leader of the gestapo
charter
constitution; as to the United Nations
Bulge
Battle which was Hitler's last defensive; could not push through Antwarp coast
Radar
a detection system that uses electromagnetic waves to identify location of moving or stationary objects; during WWII, the system was used primarily for ships and aircrafts
the rome-berlin axis
hitler's treaty with mussolini
General Leslie Groves
headed the Manhattan Project.
Eisenhower
Commanding General of the European Theater & D-Day
Summer 1940 and England
Battle of Britain
Sudetenland
region of Czechoslovakia demanded by Hitler
famous US generals
Douglas MacArthur and Dwight Eisenhower
Genocide
Wiping out an entire group of people
Treaty of Non-Aggression
(Hitler Stalin Pact) pledged neutrality by either party if the other were attacked by a third party, secret protocol dividing Northern and Eastern Europe into German and Soviet spheres of influence
truman
this man became president after fdr past away
Hedgehog
weapon that allowed bombs to explode at different depths
sicily-1943
krauts evacuate africa to here, but U.S. and brits invade and force krauts into italy . slower fighting cuz of terrain
totalitarianism
the political concept that the citizen should be totally subject to an absolute state authority
Francisco Franco
Spanish general whose armies took control of Spain in 1939 and who ruled as a dictator until his death (1892-1975)
Abyssinia
African country invaded by Italy in 1935
Nuremburg Trails
1945-1949: prominent Nazis were tried four war crimes; can't just say following orders; 1st international court of Justice
rationing
the act of setting limits on the amount of scarce goods people can buy
Boris yeltsin
first elected president of Russia in 1991 after fall of the soviet union. Becomes more liberal. Suspended communist party in Russia. Went out, stood on a tank, made an amazing speech. ??????????????
Iwo Jima
A bloody and prolonged operation on the island of Iwo Jima in which American marines landed and defeated Japanese defenders (February and March 1945)
The Happy Time
[1940-1941] Period of success in U-Boat Campaign when direct access is gained to Atlantic
Isoruko Yamamoto
japan naval strategist, in charge of Pearl Harbor
Maginot Line
french line of fortification. but the krauts dont attack here, they go through belgium
Douglas MacArthur
commander of allied forces in the Philippines; when the fate of the Philippines looked grim, MacArthur was ordered by FDR to leave, but promised to return and he did and took the Philippines back.
rhineland
near the border of belgium and france where hitler moved ahead with plans
war crimes
wartime acts of cruelty and brutality that are judged beyond the accepted rules of war and human behavior
Lindbergh
He was a celebrity member of the America First Committee. Anti-war, later fought in the war.
Poland; blitzkrieg
Germany invaded here on September 1, 1939 and after Britain and France declared war on Germany; Germany hit Poland with this type of warfare
national socialists
political regime that later tured into the Nazis.
Tuskegee Airmen
332 Fighter Group famous for shooting down over 200 enemy planes. African American pilots who trained at the Tuskegee flying school in Alabama.
RESISTANCE MOVEMENTS
In France, Italy and Belgium members of these movements, which had undertaken espionage and sabotage of the German occupation forces, came out into open resistance of the Germans and collaborateurs with Germans. There was no widespread resistance movement to Hitler in Germany itself though one underground network did attempt to assassinate him in 1944...
The War Production Board
supervised the conversion of industries to war production. For example, automakers shifted from making cars to trucks and tanks.
little boy
The code name for the uranium-fueled atomic bomb dropped by the U.S. on Hiroshima, Japan in August 6 1945. Dropped by the B-29 Enola Gay, was developed by the Manhattan Project. Explosion of energy between 13-18 kilotons of TNT. Estimated deaths of 130
neutrality act of 1937
cause: creation of axis alliance. effect: embargo with nations at war, travel ban on warring nation's ships, cash and carry
The Atomic Bomb
This was created by Albert Einstein using his theory of relativity, to find a new means of energy.
Mein Kampf
The book that Hitler wrote while he was in jail about his plans for world domination
Office Of Price Admission
Froze prices and controlled rationing during WWII
Berlin Wall
a wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany in 1961 to keep citizens from escaping to the West
Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act
1934 Act; advocated exports and lowered tariff; Roosevelt empowered to lower tariff by 50% so long as the other nation is question also agreed to do so; resulting pacts able to be passed without Senate's approval
Normandy, France
town that was invaded by Allied forces during D-Day
Frei Korps
right wing group in germany that went from town to town beating up communists
first order of racial purification
removing all nonaryans from governmental jobs
Plebiscite
a direct vote of all the people of a country or district on an important matter; a referendum
war labor board
Acted as a supreme court for labor cases. Did more harm than good when it tried to limit wages, which led to strikes.
president hindenburg
who was forced to name hitler the head of the government?
sherman tank
Not as good as Russian T-34 or German panther, but could be mass produced at a rate 4x that of the panther.
What happened at Hiroshima?
Place where the Atomic Bomb was dropped
Spanish Civil War 1936
Dress Rehearsal for World War II. Hitler and Mussolini sent tanks, troops, and airplanes to assist Francisco Franco. (Picture: Guernica)
Jew Refugee Escape
1933-1937 : many jews fled Germany and came to U.S. , FDR turned many away due to great depression, Einstein urged FDRto began building a nuclear fission bomb
waht did hitler pledge not to do?
to further expand germanys territory
Bataan Death March
a 60 mile march after the Battle of Bataan which took place during WWII in the Philippines and was seen as a Chinese war crime.
attack on pearl harbor
"date which will live in infamy" -- Dec. 7, 1941 -- 3,000 casualties & fleet destroyed, this led to the U.S. entry into the war
D-day / Normandy
it was on June 6, 1944, it was the assult hopefully to win the war
how did mendellson teach german to jews
by translating the torah into jewish
How did U.S. prepare for war?
congress spent more money on the army and the navy, had a peacetime draft, created an African-American air corps
What was the goal of American and British troops in Italy?
They wanted to remove Italy from the war
Luftwaffe
German airforce.
facism
stalin feared...
Soviet Union
Communist Russia
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
American President
NATO
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
the western European countries formsed this
normandy landing
operation overlord or d-day
Blitzkreig
A military strategy involving fast-moving airplanes and tanks, followed by massive infantry forces, to take the enemy by surprise. Then blitzkrieg forces would crush the opposition with overwhelming force
Greater East Asian co-Prosperity Sphere
...
Timisora
town. Hungarians were the minority, and they were discriminated against by the Romanians. Inspired the bloody revolt in Romania and the fall of communism there.
1919-1939
years of the road to war
Rationing-
the controlled distribution of scarce resources, goods, or services
Resistance
an underground organization engaged in a struggle for liberaton from Germany; France and Italy both had resistance movements
WAVES, WACS, SPARS
Women workers during WWII
disenfranchised
deprived of the rights of citizenship especially the right to vote
total war
conflict involving not just armies, but entire nations
Quarantine speech
F.D.R's speech when Japan invaded China, he said they need to help peace loving countries to quarantine aggresive nations
This term means "great destruction or loss of life", and refers to the Nazi genocide aimed at Jews and other non-Aryans
Holocaust
appesement
giving into someone or something if demands seem reasonable
Haile Selassie
-Ethiopean King
-Appealed to leage of nations
Allied Power
France, Great Britain, and America, and soviet union.
segregation
seperation of people based on racial, ethnic, or other differences
League of Nations
Worldwide organization aimed at ensuring security and peace
Nagasaki
a city in southern Japan on Kyushu
what was Theodor Eicke's job?
cammandment of Dachu
1944
Allies win Bloody Anzio (which showed the Allies that it would take awhile to get through Italy), Germans continue a strong resistance in Italy.
Lend-Lease Act
Approved by Congress in March 1941; The act allowed America to sell, lend or lease arms or other supplies to nations considered "vital to the defense of the United States."
invasion of Poland
Hitler invaded Poland Sept. 1,1939. After signing the non-aggression pact HItler had a surprise attack, German tanks and troops rumbled across the Polish border at the same time Warsaw was being bombed.
Berlin blockade
west germany and (east) berlin were allowed communication. Soviets didn't like that. Cut off train ways / roads. Afterwards, US planes 24/7 maintaining presence in west berlin. Brought them food, medicine etc. soviets backed down. Couldn't keep up defensive blockade. Lost.
Nonagression Pact
Treaty signed with Germany and the Soviet Union
Battle of Britain
the prolonged bombardment of British cities by the German Luftwaffe during World War II and the aerial combat that accompanied it
George Patton
commander of the Third Army; liberated Paris, France and Belgium
Geneva Convention
A set of international standards of conduct for treating prisoners of war, established in 1929
Rome-Berlin Tokyo Axis
agreement between axis leaders to fight soviet Communism and not to stop each other from making foreign conquests
Nye Committee
led by senator Gerald Nye concluded the main reason for the US participation in the war to serve the greed of bankers and arms of manufacturers
First new deal
1933-35 program created by president Roosevelt to fight the depression
Joseph Goebbels
insisted in being called Dr. Goebbels, was minister of propaganda.
Russo-German Nonaggression Pact
Hitler and Stalin promised to remain neutral if either country were to become involved in war; AUgust 1939. Was supposed to last 10 years, but Hitler invaded Russia in 1941
Geogre C. Marshall
American general and politican; he led U.S. mobilization for World War II and helped plan the nation's war strategy. He also developed the postwar European Recovery Program, known as the Marshall Plan.
when the british and french leaders agreed to give the Sudetenlan to Germany
the munich conference
Aryan Race
The pure Germanic race, used by the Nazis to suggest a superior non-Jewish Caucasian typified by height, blonde hair, blue eyes
Nazi soviet pact
A secret agreement between the Germans and the Russians that said that they would not attack each other
Double Victory Campaign
Civil rights call for victory against both fascism overseas and racial prejudice at home.
Everything was destroyed
Why did Europeans leave their homes following the war?
Sit-down Strike
union tactic in workers stayed idle in a plant rather than walking out
what event sparked kristallnacht?
the murder of Ernst vom Rath
neutrality acts
out lawed arms sales or loans to nations at war/civil war
Zero Hour
In the aftermath of the war, the West Germans referred to the year 1945 as this because they believed that it was the darkest point in their national history
Pres. Harry Truman
He became president after FDR and made the decision to drop the atomic bomb.
all the following were effects of the american ?
dropped in prices
Dunkirk (1940)
The Battle of Dunkirk was a battle in the Second World War between the Allies and Germany. A part of the Battle of France on the Western Front, the Battle of Dunkirk was the defence and evacuation of British and allied forces in Europe from 24 May-4 June 1940.
Who was the president who decided to drop the bomb on Japan?
Harry S. Truman
what did the U.S. do instead fighting? this gave Japan a reason for hating America
cut off all oil
What were the cause(s) of World War I.
Militarism, Nationalism, Imperialism, Alliances, and the Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand.
Neutrality Law of the U.S.
• Prohibited selling arms to warring (belligerent) nations
• Pres. could sell certain goods on a "Cash-and-Carry" basis (1939)
the Battle of Stalingrad
This battle was said to be the turning point of the war on the eastern front.
FDR's Initial responce to war
the US should worry about itself and not get involved in European affairs
Why did Hitler want to take Czechoslovakia?
To provide more living space for Germans and for their natural resources
They wanted to end the war without invading Japan
Why did the US use atomic bombs against Japan?
Paulus
german general
Chancellor of Germany
Hitler
vatican II
catholic church
Kulaks
the more successful peasants
Operation Overlord
U.S recaptured France
nationalism
pride in ones country
Andrew Sakharov
physicist in russia. ??????????
germany, italy, japan
the axis powers
Allies
U.S. , USSR, U.K. ,
ghetto
restricted areas of European cities that kept Jews separated from others
Nisei
First generation american but are japanese
Margaret thatcher
conservative prime minister (first woman) of Britain. Tax cuts for the rich. Controversial.
V1 rockets
flying bombs developed by Germany
targeting of a certain group
define genocide
Nazi
the party of socialism in Germany
Magic
Code name for U.S. code-breaking operations against the Japanese.
Kristallnacht
night of "Breaking Glass", a strategy aimed at harassing Jews in Germany
Anti-Semitic laws
jews couldn't attend public schools, have certain proffesions, Jews were attacked and sent to slave labor camps
Marshall
army chief of staff, ensured soldiers were well equipped and prop. trained
internment camps
Detention centers where more than 100,000 Japanese Americans were relocated during World War II by order of the President.
Joesph Stalin
dictator who ruled with fear; attempted to jump start industry with no concern for individuals
potsdam conference
conference where previous ideas of dividing Germany and berlin went into effect
Franklin Roosevelt-
Thirty-second president of the United States, 1933-1945; fought the Great Depression through his New Deal social programs; battled Congress over Supreme Court control; proved a strong leader during WWII.
What does Kristallnacht mean?
Night of broken glass
Stalin
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)
December 1944- January 1945
Battle of the Bulge
DUNKIRK
Epic evacuation of 330,000 British and French troops from Northern France after defeat of expeditionary force. Germany had opened the Spring offensive of 1940 by invading Norway, Denmark. Then went on to take Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg and France. French expecting re-enactment of Schlieffen but instead Germans moved through Luxembourg and the Ardennes. Went around the Maginot Line which was rendered useless.
Four Freedoms
Freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom from want, and freedom from fear.
Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan during World War II.
Hiroshima, Nagasaki
nuclear attacks during World War II against the Empire of Japan by the United States of America at the order of U.S. President Harry S. Truman
Sanctions
when you don't allow certain items to be traded. Britain and france did these against italy when it took over Ethiopia. Still gave them gas and oil even though that would have completely stopped them.
Harry Truman
President after FDR. Part of the Potsdam conference. He also was responsible for ultimately deciding whether or not to use the A-Bomb.
Eastern Front
In WWI, the region along the German-Russian Border where Russians and Serbs battled Germans, Austrians, and Turks.
A-bomb
a powerful new weapon also known as the atomic bomb.
Ministry for Enlightenment
Propaganda ministry for the Third Reich; headed by Goebbels
Nonaggression Pact
an agreement in which two nations promise not to go to war with each other. Was made between Stalin and Hitler in 1939 and this made the fate of Poland clear.
operation torch
Codename for allied invasion of North Africa from Novermber 1942 to September 1943
Japan, surrender
The United States decided to drop atomic bombs on _______ to force them to ________________.
crematoriun
ovens used to burn the bodies of death camp victams
Soviet-German Non-Aggression Pact
1939 agreement between Germany and the Soviet Union. The two nations agreed not to attack one another and to split the country of Poland between them.
Tripartite Pact
name of pact when Japan joins Germany and Italy
hyde park declaration
canada was worried about the lend lease act affecting countries buying from canada, so US made this to say it would buy from canada
Miracle of Dunkirk
300,000 British troops rescued by a flotilla of war ships and fishing boats
denmark and norway
which two countries fell right after poland?
Japan first seizes __ for __
Manchuria for natural resources
withholding system
since 1943, gov ask biz to withhold workers income tax and pay for them.
Good Neighbor Policy
FDR withdrew troops from Nicaragua and Haiti; also granted Cuba its independence
Second Step to War
Hitler marches troops into the Rhineland in 1936
Birmingham, Bristol, Coventry, Liverpool, London
What major GB cities were bombed during the Battle of Britain?
Battle of Leyte Gulf
1944 World War II naval battle betweeen the United States and Japan. Largest naval engagement in history. Japaneze navy was defeated.
radar and sonar
devices that locate targets in the air or water
Bergen Belsen
used as a transit camp then became a concentration camp, first concentration camp America knew about
War Bonds and Stamps
Given out by the American government to raise money for the World War II effort
A. Philip Randolph
Black leader, who threatens a march to end discrimination in the work place; Roosevelt gives in with companies that get federal grants.
when did most westren nations stop torturing prisoners?
by the french revulatation
Battle of Midway
June 1942, the U.S. Navy defeated the Japanese navy.
Concentration Camps and Ghettos
This is where the Jews were forcefully relocated; sealed off with barbed wire and stone walls.
New Economic Policy (NEP)
Anounced in March 1921 by Lenin, the NEP re-established limited ceonomic freedom in an attempt to rebuild agriculture and industry.
name a city and the bomb we dropped on it
hiroshima; fat man
Attack on the Low Countries
Hitler launched his attack on May 10, 1940 on Western Europe;
why did the english build campsq during the Boer war?
to keep farmers from helping the rebles
he is put in prison but then broken out so he's hiding in northern itlay
what happens to Mussolini when the allies take over Rome?
/ 319
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Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

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