World War II 7 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
ration
limited
sonar
detects submarines
Kamikaze
Japanese suicide pilots
1939-1945
world war 1
Date--D-Day
June 6, 1944
Arimo Levi
Jewish Italian; Auschwitz
How long was WWII?
1939-1945
aug 15 1945
vj day
Truman
president 45 and on
Munich Conference
-Hitler, Mussolini, Chamberlain, Laudet (France)
-Hitler threatened to go to war if he Germany didn't recieve Czechoslovakia, Czechs didn't want to, British and French followed appeasment
-confirmation of Czechoslovakia under Germany
-Great Britain and France promise that they will intervene if Hitlar moves against Poland
appeasement
Chamberlain (British prime minister) signed the agreement with Hitler to get a little peace, settled to avoid conflict
Fascism
A totalitarian government that promotes a form of nationalism in which the goals of the nation are more important than those of the individual.
what is a kamikaze
sucide plane
Destroyer
is a type of wraship.
Douglas MacArthur
commander of American-Filipino force, left the Philipines to fight in Australia, but promised to return
Isolationism
U.S. foreign policy in the 1920's/30's
facsism
A political and economic system followed by Germany and Italy that constitutes extreme national pride but with little rights for the people. However, people can still own property.
whiteout
a condition in which uniform illumination from snow on the ground and from a low cloud layer makes features of the landscape indistinguishable
saved 3 million lives
miracle at durnkirk
communists
benito mussolini blamed problems of his country on this
Pan-Africanism
Emphasizes the unity of Africans around the world
Codetalkers
Navajo people, language that Americans used as a war code, japanese couldn't crack it. However, americans cracked germanys and japans codes (our advantage in the war)
Ghettos
where they put all the jews
veteran
soldier who returns home from war.
Neville Chamberlain
British statesman who as Prime Minister pursued a policy of appeasement toward fascist Germany (1869-1940)
Genocide
The systematic killing of an entire people.
Fransico Franco
Military dictator of Spain during WWII
Allies
countries that opposed the Allies in WW2, such as the US, Britain, and the Soviet Union
Nagasaki
Japanese city in which the second atomic bomb was dropped (August 9, 1945).
Imperialism
a policy of extending rule over foreign countries
Winston Churchill
British Prime Minister during World War II.
Kristallnacht
when the windows of the Jewish businesses were shattered by yelling mobs
Auschwitz-Birkenau
was a network of concentration and extermination camps built and operated in occupied Poland by Nazi Germany during the Second World War. It was the largest of the German concentration camps, consisting of Auschwitz I (the Stammlager or main camp); Auschwitz II-Birkenau (the Vernichtungslager or extermination camp); Auschwitz III-Monowitz, also known as Buna-Monowitz (a labor camp); and 45 satellite camps.[1]
Auschwitz is the German name for Oświęcim, the town the camps were located in and around; it was renamed by the Germans after they invaded Poland in September 1939. Birkenau, the German translation of Brzezinka (birch tree), refers to a small Polish village nearby that was mostly destroyed by the Germans to make way for the camp.
Auschwitz II-Birkenau was designated by Heinrich Himmler, Germany's Minister of the Interior, as the locus of the "final solution of the Jewish question in Europe." From spring 1942 until the fall of 1944, transport trains delivered Jews to the camp's gas chambers from all over Nazi-occupied Europe.[2] The camp's first commandant, Rudolf Höss, testified after the war at the Nuremberg Trials that up to three million people had died there (2.5 million exterminated, and 500,000 from disease and starvation),[3] a figure since revised to 1.1 million, around 90 percent of them Jews.[4] Others deported to Auschwitz included 150,000 Poles, 23,000 Roma and Sinti, 15,000 Soviet prisoners of war, and tens of thousands of people of diverse nationalities.[5] Those not killed in the gas chambers died of starvation, forced labor, lack of disease control, individual executions, and medical experiments.[6] Denis Avey, recently named a British Holocaust hero by the government of Britain, had escaped and spoke of conditions inside the camps.[7]
On January 27, 1945, Auschwitz was liberated by Soviet troops, a day commemorated around the world as International Holocaust Remembrance Day. In 1947, Poland founded a museum on the site of Auschwitz I and II, which by 1994 had seen 22 million visitors—700,000 annually—pass through the iron gates crowned with the infamous motto, Arbeit macht frei ("work makes you free").
strategic bombing
a military strategy aimed at destroying enemy infrastructure and limiting its economy in order to indirectly defeat the armed forces.
Siegfried Line
other side of the Maginot Line
Zero
a fighter aircraft operated by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service, was very good at the beginning of the war, but quickly became outclassed by the new American planes. It was the main carrier-based fighter and was later used in kamikaze operations.
Holocaust
the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler
What language or code did the Americans use to send messages in WWII?
Navajo
Weimar Republic
Was the democratic government which ruled over Germany form 1919 to 1933. Was Germany's first democracy and it failed miserably. It had leaders such as Stresseman and Hindenburg.
Island Hopping
the Americans were island hopping trying to find islands to invade
militarism
What was the type of totalitarian government in Germany?
yalta conference
when Churchill, Stalin and Roosevelt made plans for end of war and post-war, said all must take out all troops and send them home (except for in Germany), Poland will be restored/free, plans for UN, agreed for trials for German leaders, stalin didnt take out troops
Erwin Rommel
German commander who moved across the mediterranean to take control of libya in 1941
june 6, 1944
d-day invasion date, led under eseinhower, resulted of liberation of paris in Aug 25, 1944
nationalism
a belief that your country is the greatest
MAGIC
Broke Japans codes and found out that Japan was planning to attack the U.S.
Emperor Hirohito
emperor of Japan during WWII. his people viewed him as a god
Who was the U.S. president during the majority of WWII?
FDR
Nanjing
AKA Nanking, site of a massacre of Chinese civilians and children at the hands of the Japanese, 1937.
FRANCE
surrendered to the Germans and set up a collaborative government
GI Joe
Nickname for US soldiers during WWII. GI short for government issue.
Define Blitzkrieg
Lightning war that uses tanks and planes
George Patton
American general who led the third army to liberate Paris.
Axis
in World War II the alliance of Germany and Italy in 1936 which later included Japan and other nations
warsaw uprising
an uprising by the polish underground movement in august 1944. the germans put down the uprising but a lost a fair number of men. hundreds of thousands of civilian were killd by german troops in the city of ___, combined with earlier damage from the ___ ghetto uprising of 94 and the invasion of poland, basically let ___ destroyed
Adolf Hitler
German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945)
Ho Chi Minh
led the Viet Minh independence movement from 1941 onward, establishing the communist-governed Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945. He oversaw many successful military actions against the Vichy French and Japanese occupation of Vietnam during World War II, supported closely but clandestinely by the United States Office of Strategic Services. He was also jailed in China for many months by Chiang Kai-shek's local authorities. After his release in 1943, he again returned to Vietnam.
Hiroshima
City in Japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, on August 6, 1945. The bombing hastened the end of World War II.
after the war: the economy in europe
BAD off
Dwight D. Eisenhower
commanded D-Day and began allied invasion of Europe
London Blitz
bombing turns from south coast to London & other cities. It was 57 nights of high explosions & firebombs by Luftwaffe, the German air force. Most of the city was destroyed, 15,000 people died, even the King and Queen stayed in the bomb shelters rather than flee.
Joseph Stalin
dictator of the Soviet Union from 1929-1953
Collective Security
If countries act and agree together, stay safe and avoid war. Italy destroyed idea with war with Abbysinia because signed friendship agreement.
battle of coral sea
first japanese defeat, they were trying to invade australia
Lytton Report
a report created by the League of Nations to determine the cause of seizing of Manchuria by the Japanese
GI Bill
law passed in 1944 to help returning veterans buy homes and pay for higher educations
Spanish Civil War
war between monarchs and socialists in spain that hitler used as a testing site for new war technologies
Richard Russel
Who supported the New Deal and Jim Crow Laws?
Atomic Bomb
bomb dropped by an American bomber on Hiroshima and Nagasaki destroying both cities
"phoney war"
..., period between Sept 1939 and Apr 1940 when British/ French/ Canadian alliance and Germany were officially in war but neither sides attacked.
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty that ended WWI and humiliated Germany; forced Germany to pay large amounts of reparations
Manhattan Project
code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II
Battle of the Atlantic
British navy vs German navy (submarines)
Neutrality Acts
Banned the U.S from selling or loaning weapons to countries at war
De Gualle
After Germany took over France once it surrendered. He was a French General, and he set up a government-in-exile in London and her committed all his energy to reconquering France. Organized the Free French military which battled Nazis until France was liberated
Third Reich
Nazis ruled; Hitler wanted to be the successor of the Holy Roman Empire and wanted Germany to be the greatest nation in the world that would last for 1000 yrs. - lasted 6
Indemnity
The fine Germany was forced to pay to the Allied victors by way of compensation for their losses during the war.
Bataan Death March
Involved tropical heat, lack of food and water, brutal violence from captors; killed American and Filipino prisoners
rosie the river
the great symbol of the campaign to hire women
El Alamein
Town in Egypt, site of the victory by Britain's Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery over German forces led by General Erwin Rommel (the 'Desert Fox') in 1942-1943.
Admiral Bull Halsey
in charge of naval operations in the South Pacific
William Lyon Mackenzie King
canadian prime minister who led his country to independence
Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact
Hitler and Joseph Stalin agreed not to attack each other but divided Poland for an easy win, but Germany didn't keep true to their word and attacked Stalin later
Bombing of Nagasaki/Hiroshima
August 6, 1945; first atomic bomb is dropped on Hiroshima because Japan refused to surrender unconditionally. Second dropped on August 9.
U.S. entered because
Pearl Harbor - Japan attacked the US on December 7, 1941 because US stopped trading with them
Fair Employment Practice Committe
Made it illegal to discriminate on a abase against African Americans
Stock Market Crash
..., When value of stock fell so low, people were left with huge debts; banks ran out of money and closed, people lost jobs. Start of Great Depression. September 29, 1929.
Why did the Japanese attack?
1. Japanese aggression had started in 1931, when US aided the Chinese against the Japanese
2. US imposed high sanctions on Japan, and cut off all shipments in 1941
motive: wanted to cripple the US fleet so Japan could expand without US interfearence
Selective Service and Training Act
passed in 1940 and became the first peacetime draft in U.S. history;required men between the ages of 21 and 30 to register with local draft boards.
Gen. John J. "Blackjack" Pershing
the US General that led the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I.
What did Moose plan on doing while he was in office?
The Moose plan on military expansion
how did the allies win control of the Atlantic Ocean between 1941 and 1943?
by using code breaking , radar detection of german subs, improved weapons and war methods, and longer range bombs
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