World War One Vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Imperialism
empire building
kaiser
a German Emperor
main weapon
macheine gun
Triple Alliance
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
Bolshivicks
organization of perfessional revolutionares under a democratic internal hierarchy.
Mobilize
preparing forces for war
Central Powers
Germany and Austria-Hungary,expanded by 1915 to include the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria.
contraband
importation, exportation or possession of is illegal
atrocity
an act of atrocious cruelty
SDI
Reagan's proposed Strategic Defense Initiative (1983), also known as "Star Wars," called for a land- or space-based shield against a nuclear attack. Although SDI was criticized as unfeasible and in violation of the Antiballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty, Congress approved billions of dollars for development.
entent
friendly agreement between two countries
Lenin
leader of the communist revolutionin Russia who promised peace
u-boats
German submarines that enforced the blockade around Great Britain, which became unrestricted submarine warfare
reparations
payment for damages after a war
DORA
espionage/sedition acts, you could be arrested for acts against the government
allied powers
britain, france, russia, serbia, italy
Yamamoto
Japanese admiral who planned the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941 (1884-1943)
Bureaucracy
a system of managing government through departments run by appointed officials
armistice
halt in fighting that allows peace talks to begin
Sedition Act
Legislation that went even further than the Espionage Act by prohibiting anyone from uttering,writing,or publishing.
Torpedoes
Used by submarines, and the Germans used them to blow up ships carrying supplies from America to Britain.
socialist
person who believes in the political theory supporting collective or government ownership of the means of production and distribution of goods
Nationalism
The love of one's country and willingness to sacrifice for it
Schleiffen Plan
German plan for victory in WWI
Francis Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria Hungary, was assasinated.
Joseph Joffre
regrouped the retreating armies to defeat the Germans at the First Battle of the Marne.
arutocracy
gonvernment in witch one person has unlimited power
League of Nations
An international collective security organization composed of member nations where member nations agreed to mediate future international disputes to prevent wars.
Peace Movement
These people wanted to stay neutral.
Russo-Japanese War
military conflict in which a victorious Japan forced Russia to abandon its expansionist policy in the Far East, becoming the first Asian power in modern times to defeat a European power
Who was the Bolshevik leader who advocated revolution for Russia?
Lennen
Georges Clemenceau
Prime minister of France, helped negotiate the Treaty of Versailles
protecorate
a country that is partially controlled by another country, egypt was this to Britian
General Huerta
He was the reactionary President of Mexico when U.S. forces occupied Vera Cruz in 1914.
Trench Warfare
war from inside trenches enemies would try killing eachother with machine guns and tanks, and poison gas
Fourteen Points
the war aims outlined by President Wilson in 1918, which he believed would promote lasting peace; called for self-determination, freedom of the seas, free trade, end to secret agreements, reduction of arms and a league of nations
April 2, 1917
(date) U.S. declares war on Germany.
Woodrow Wilson
The president of united states during the time of World War I
Duckboard
wooden slats laid over muddy ground in a trench
schlieffen plan
Attack plan by Germans, proposed by Schliffen, lightning quick attack against France. Proposed to go through Belgium then attack France, Belgium resisted, other countries took up their aid, long fight, used trench warfare.
Appeasement
The hope to maintain peace by allowing Hitler to take part of Sudetenland.
pacifist
someone opposed to violence as a means of settling disputes
Canal built to shorten travel time from coast to coast
Panama Canal
Russian Revolution
The bolesheviks which split apart from the mensheviks and ultimately became the communisty party of the soviet union.
Czar Nicholas II
Russian Czar during WWI; unpopular with Russian people; overthrown in March 1917; executed by Bolsheviks after November Revolution (1917). Uncompetant military leader.
Total War
All facetes of the economy are mobilized for war; the whole will of the people would have to be broken. In other words, it affected the lives of all citizens, however remote they might be from the battlefields. It led to increased centralization of gov't powers, economic regimentation, and manipulation of public opinion to keep the war effort going. Children collected metal for recycling, colonies supplied soldiers, rationing occurs, propaganda was used to make the enemy seem nonhuman, and therefore easier to kill, soldiers are drafted, the gov't controlled the industry.
The Berlin Conference
European powers met at international conference in 1884 held in Berlin. Discussed how they could claim African territory without fighting each other
Manchuria
what part of chia did Japan seize in 1931
ration
gov't action taken in World War 1 to help in this "total war" : goods
orlando
italy guy that got pissed at league of nations
Selective Service Act
established a military draft in the United States
Francis Pegahmagabow
A member of the Parry Sound Ojibwa First Nation and one of Canada's "most decorated" soldiers to survive the war.
Ration
K.M
To give out scarce items on a limited basis
Second Balkan War
Serbia attacked Bulgaria in hopes of gaining a seaport
Kaiser Wilhelm II
Leader of Germany during WWI who abdicated the throne before Germany's surrender
William Henry Harrison
US General, governor of the Indiana territory, convinced Native American tribes to sign away 3 million acres of Native land
November 11, 1918
The day that Germany signed Armistice ending WWI.
National War Labor Board
set up under former president Taft, mediated labor disputes that might hinder the war effort
Sussex Pledge
Promise made by Germany to U.S. not to sink merchant vessels without warning or without assuring the passangers safety
Mustard Gas
A deadly gas that blew with the wind and attacked moist areas of your body like your eyes, armpits and groins and poisoned them so that you would die a painful death.
Franz Ferdinand
Nephew of King of Austria, and heir to the throne,-Hungary, assassinated June 28,1914 by Gavrilo Princip of the Black Hand, which led to Austria-Hungary declaring war on Serbia. He was more conciliatory, nicer to ethnic groups, more decentralized- but made Black Hand think Serbs would like him
Position of USA
tried to remain neutral, but had to join war when Germany started sinking their ships.
Treaty of Versailles
By June 191, the Treaty of Versailles, the most important treaty of the Peace of Paris, was ready. None of the Allies was satisfied with it. Germany, which had not even been allowed to send delegates to the peace talks, was shocked by the terms of the treaty. Still, its representative had no choice but to sign.
National Self Determination
right of the people to decide how they should be governed
First Battle of the Marne
French victory, Germans have to cross in order to get to Paris and the German soldiers are near exhaustion, French and England match the troops and defeat the Germans and they have to retreat.
2nd result of traty of verssailes
germany gave up alsance lorraine to france
called for an end to secret agreements, freedom of seas, free trade, limit on arms, and League of Nations
Describe Wilson's Fourteen Point peace plan.
what was the new government?
it was based on the ideas of karl marxs, communist, russia changed to union of soviet socialist republics (ussr)
What was lenins attitude towards the treaty?
he thought it was a temporary setback, insisted that a revolution would soon sweep europe and end all treaties including this one
What were some effects of the US not joining the League of Nations?
This made the League of Nations weak
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