World War One Vocabulary unit Flashcards

Terms Definitions
stalemate
draw tie
czar
Russian emperor
Unterseeboot
German for submarine
Germany
A/H allies with ______
true
ANZACS were british colonials
Provisional Government
a temporary government
Russia
Britain and France support _______
alliance system
defense afreements among nations
Why Failure?
Belgians protested
Russians mobilized with great speed
French won at the Battle of Marne River
triple entente
Russia, France, Great Britain
red scare
widespread intense fear of communism
Irwin Rommel
known as the "Dessert Fox"
A.E.F
american expeditional force - our troops
austria hungary
plan R was used by
domino effect
the war was had..... .....
Kremlin
headquarters of the new Bolshevik government in Russia
militarism
increase in national military strength due to competition due by imperialsim and nationalism
Western Front
Germany's troops in the west.
Big Four
o Woodrow Wilson- US
o Georges Clemenceau - France
o David Lloyd George- UK
o Vittorio Orlando -Italy
barbarossa
German invasion of Russia. June 22, 1941 German Army invades Soviet Union. Germans didn't concentrate their forces. They never took Moscow like they wanted. Russians had time to redefend when Hitler stopped the forces.
dictator
leader who controls a nation by force
heir to austrian throne killed in sarajevo
ferdinand
Lenin
led the Russian Revolution that got Russia out of the war
mandates
territories to be ruled by european powers
ultimatum
statement of terms that must be accepted
Fourteen Points
wilson's plan for world peace following world war I
Doughboy
an American infantryman in World War I
congress
America didn't join the league of nations because ......... wouldn't let Wilson
Alliance
agreement between nations to aid and protect one another
Entente cordiale
friendly alliance between France and Britain; promoted cooperation nations
Nationalism
pride in one man's nation, fueled the tension
warmonger
person who tries to stir up the war
Kaiser Wilhelm
who abdicated their position and fled to Holland before the end of the war
Propaganda
Ideas that either help or hurt a cause
Vimy ridge
made us a country, seen as professional troops.
George Creel
head of Wilson's committee on Public Information who had patriotism campaigns all over the country
Neutral
Staying in the middle and siding with either side or group
1914 Eastern Front
Paul von Hindenburg & Erich Ludendorff
- won victories over Russia
- Russians pushed Austrians back
trench warfare
war from inside trenches enemies would try killing eachother with machine guns and tanks, and poison gas
midway
naval battle of World War II (June 1942) land and carrier-based American planes decisively defeated a Japanese fleet on its way to invade the Midway Islands
lusitania
American boat that was sunk by the German U-boats; made America consider entering WWI
plebiscite
a direct vote of the qualified voters of a state in regard to some important public question.
nazi soviet pact
A secret agreement between the Germans and the Russians that said that they would not attack each other
General Scott
-Was fat and old
-Head of the Union army when the war began
-Hero at the War of 1812 and Mexican War
-Was about to retire
-Made the Anaconda Plan
Primary Source Document
a primary source document is a creation on original document written in the time period of the event
Bismarckian System
This was a system that Bismarck used to isolate France
Lloyd George
Nation as as a whole wanted Revenge
He wanted them not to be too weak for trading
Didn't want Germany turning Communist by the Russians
Unrestricted German Submarine Warfare
Zimmermann Note
Two Reasons US Entered the war?
David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister. He pushed to make Germans pay for war.
zimmerman telegram
germany sent a letter to mexico saying that they should start war with usa
war guilt clause
part of the versailles treaty that said Germany was to take blame for the whole war
Food Administration
Created by Wilson during WWI - Led by Herbert Hoover - set up ration system to save food for soldiers
When were the Boer wars?
1899-1902. South African wars between the British and the Boers.
countries who take large portions of the ottoman empire
great britain and france
The Balkan Region
This was the region where the powder keg of MINIS (Militarism, Industrialism, Nationalism, Imperialism, and System of Alliances) exploded after the assassination of Austria-Hungarian Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand in June 1914.
poison gas
a gas that is poisonous to breath or contact
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
The problems for WW1 led up to what major event?
World War 2
International War
Russia was weak so it didn't lead to a big internationa war .
8. What was Europe like after WW1?
Totally wrecked and destroyed. Deadliest war in history so far.
Why did many African Americans move north between 1910 and 1920
job opportunities, escape poverty and racism in the south
Causes of world war 1
World War 1 is actually much more complicated than a simple list of causes. While there was a chain of events that directly led to the fighting, the actual root causes are much deeper and part of continued debate and discussion. This list is an overview of the most popular reasons that are cited as the root causes of World War 1.
1. Mutual Defense Alliances
Over time, countries throughout Europe made mutual defense agreements that would pull them into battle. Thus, if one country was attacked, allied countries were bound to defend them. Before World War 1, the following alliances existed:
•Russia and Serbia
•Germany and Austria-Hungary
•France and Russia
•Britain and France and Belgium
•Japan and Britain
"The sick man of Europe"
a term given to the Ottoman Empire by Europeans who wanted the land to be divided.
What was Rommel's role in d-day?
he was put in charge of the defenses. However,on the day of the attack, he was off to see his wife and as a result, the german army was in chaos.
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