World War Two Test Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Italy
Rome
Blitzkrieg
"Lightning War"
Lebensraum
living space
anti-semitism
hatred of jews
Allies
Who won WWII?
Iwo Jima
18,000 people died
emperor hirohito
dictator - Japan
Kristallnacht
"night of broken glass"
Raf
The British royal "airforce"
Causes of War
Invasion of Poland
Third Reich
German empire under Hitler
appeasement
satisfying demands of dissatisfied powers in an effort to maintain peace and stability
Neville Chamberlin
British prime minister,appeased Hitler
Final Solution
killing all the jews
Holocaust
The systematic mass slaughter of European Jews in Nazi concentration camps during World War II
General Tojo
Commander during WWII of Japan
Ataturk
Turkish statesman who abolished the caliphate and founded Turkey as a modern secular state (1881-1938)
japanese
_____ forces raped pillaged and buthered civilian populations in many chinese cities
luftwaffe
another name for german air force
Propaganda
A kind of biased communication designed to influence people's thoughts and actions.
cetniks
a yugoslavian paramilitary group that was in favor of restoring a monarchy and were opposite tito's partisans. their alignment during ww2 is ambiguous, as they often ollaborated with the occupation government but also helped allied forces at times
2.Fascism growing
-Germany by Hitler
-Italy by Mussolini
-Spain by Franco
-Japan, Germany, and Spain made up Axis powers
two sides of the war
allied, axis
Most of the American military resources targeted for use in __________
Europe
Adolf Hitler
little-known politial leader whose early life had been marked by disappointment. Received metal Iron corss twice. Formed Nazi Party. Success as organizer and speaker. Sent to jail and wrote Mein Kampf. Becomes chancellor. Turned Germany to totaliarian state. Leader of Germany during war
stalingrad
when USSR stopped the German invasion of Russia and started getting back at Germany
United Nations
An organization formed after WWII devoted to keeping global peace
1933
the year hitler withdrew from league of nations
"Final Solution"
final solution of the Jewish question-murder of every single Jew-had begun-mass arresting, and trafficking of Jews to the concentration camps-mass killings occurred as well in the gas chambers
Weimar Republic
the newly formed democratic government in Germany
Fascism
a political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition
The Sudetenland
the boarder of Czechoslovakia and Germany, contained 3 million Jews and they wanted to be annexed by Germany, if this happened Czechoslovakia would lose their natural land barrier, a mountain range. During the Munich Conference of 1938 Germany annexed the Sudetenland
Douglas MacArthur
American general, who commanded allied troops in the Pacific during World War II.
Island Hopping
the American navy attacked islands held by the Japanese in the Pacific Ocean. The capture of each successive island from the Japanese brought the American navy closer to an invasion of Japan.
genocide
deliberate destruction of a group of people
Neville Chamberlain
British prime minister pursued a policy of appeasement toward fascist Germany
Naziscm
member of the National Socialst German Workers' Party
Strategic Materials
Material important for fighting a war
Rome
Italy's govt. promises to expand into this country.
Munich Conference
1938 conference at which European leaders attempted to appease Hitler by turning over the Sudetenland to him in exchange for promise that Germany would not expand Germany's territory any further. sept 29th Germany,Italy,France,England signed the Munich pact which gave Germany Sudetenland.
victory garden
a kitchen garden planted during wartime to relieve food shortages
What led to unstable political conditions in Europe after WWI?
Worldwide depression
Nagasaki
site of 2nd Atomic Bomb, killing 40,000+ Japanease citizens
Japanese Internment Camps
The forcible relocation of approximately 110,000 Japanese Americans to housing facilities called "War Relocation Camps", in the wake of Imperial Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor. Used to make sure that the Japanese could not give away war secrets to
Operation Barbossa
ivasion Russia. Three pronged attack; leningrad (N) moscow (center) and Ukraine (S). THought US less likely war if J powerful, wanted J attack south, hate communism, fear R attack Germany. R not ready because of G-R non aggression pact. Only succeeded in South because of weather and wanted oil
11 million
the total number of people, including jews, gypsies, homosexuals and "undesireables"
Spanish Civil War
(1936-1939) Dictatorship won a victory over Democracy. General Francisco Franco (assisted by Mussolini), invaded Spain from Morocco to oust the weak leftist coalition of the Spanish republic. Germany also assisted by using terror bombing. To counter the Fascist and Nazi efforts, the Soviet Union sent troops to resist Franco. Great Britain and France also had an inability to fight back in this instance. Franco was victorious and set up a right-wing dictatorship in.
Concentration Camps
German camps, where Jews and other people were sent to be killed
refugee
a person who seeks shelter and safety elsewhere
Operation Torch
begun Nov 1942, American forces landed in Morocco and Algeria, and pressing eastward trapped the German and Italian armies being driven westward by the British, forcing German and Italian troops to surrender, despite Hitler's orders to fight to the death.
Albert Einstein
European scientist that worked on the Top-Secret Manhattan Project, to create an atomic bomb. He moved from Germany to the U.S. in 1933.
Bataan Death March
April 1942, American soldiers were forced to march 65 miles to prison camps by their Japanese captors. It is called the Death March because so may of the prisoners died on route.
Poland
country first invaded in WW2 by the Soviet Union and Germany
Atlantic Charter
a declaration by Winston Churchill and FDR in 1941, which supplied the base for the peace plan at end of WWII
"master race"
..., a race that considers itself superior to all others and fitted to rule the others
Hitler Youth
This was Hitler's tool of youth indoctrination. Boys and young men gathered to learn about Nazi philosophy. For young women, there was the League of German Girls
Great Leap Forward
an economic offensive launched by china in 1960 by Mao Tse-tung to decentralize the economy and repudiate centralized planning on a USSR-type government. Tore up traditional agriculture and social/family life
Battle of Leyte
Battle where Japanese risked their entire fleet against the Allies and lost
Potsdam Declaration
message of warning about the atomic bomb to Japan
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
32nd President of the United States
V-J Day
"Victory over Japan day" is the celebration of the Surrender of Japan, which was initially announced on August 15, 1945
atomic bomb
First dropped August 6, 1945 on Hiroshima
When they didn't surrender, the second was dropped on Nagasaki
Hiroshima
City in Japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, on August 6, 1945. The bombing hastened the end of World War II. (p. 797)
compensation
payment or whatever is given or done to make up for something
John Maynard Keynes
A British economist; believed that governments could limit or even prevent economic downturns by spending money even if it meant an unbalanced budget
Battle of the Bulge
German counterattack in December 1944 that temporarily slowed the Allied invasion of Germany
How many Japanese and Americans died during Guadalcanal?
24,000 Japanese
1,200 Americans
Manhattan Project
code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II
Who was the British prime minister at the Munich Conference
Neville Chamberlain
Saturation Bombing
The process of putting a very large number of bombs on one target
Teller and Fermi
invented the first atomic weapon near Alamogordo, New Mexico
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
two communists accused of relaying info on the atomic bomb to other countries we are against
totalitarian state
a single party and its leaders supress all opposition and control all aspects of peoples' lives
Tobruk
located in Libya, it was a major port, which made it vital for the British to control. In their initial advance, the Allies captured it fairly easily. When they were being forced back, Tobruk became the site of a major defensive action, holding out under siege for months. It was the first time that the German blitzkrieg tactics had been stopped.
Germany and Russia
the largest conflict between 2 nations ever was between
Danzig
A city that, prior to WWI, belonged to Germany. After WWI, when the lands near it became part of the Polish Corridor, it was declared a "free city" independent of any country. It was reincorporated into Nazi Germany in 1939.
Sudeten Crisis
Demand by Hitler that the Germans of Sudetenland be given self-determination, but the government in Czechoslovakia met the demand with martial law.
Himmler
German Nazi who was chief of the SS and the Gestapo and who oversaw the genocide of six million Jews (1900-1945)
Dictator (Okray)
Ruler who has complete power over a country
Battle of the Atlantic
Battle between the U.S. and German U-boats for shipping rights.
Victor Emmanuel III
King of rome in 1922. (Refer to "Mussolini")
Adolf Hitler Sentence
Hitler and Stalin had a secret pack not to invade each other's countries and to divide up Poland.
Battle of Midway
early major victory in the Pacific for American forces over Japan; it prevented Japan from attacking Hawaii again
Little Boy
The bomb dropped from the Enola Gay on Hiroshima, an important industrial city
General Patton
In charge of the third army which was used as a decoy in Calai (germans thought they'd be with patton), lost respect by soldiers after slapping one in the face who was mentally scarred from war
Vietnam War
The vietnam war to stop the spread of communism and a war between United States and Vietnamese.
the final solution
The Nazi cover-up name for the plan to annihilate all of the Jews
Field Marshall Bernard Montgomery
British; one of the highest ranking in Britain; very difficult to work with because of his big ego, but also very influential
after the war: the allies wanted
to rebuild, especially economy. wants germany to end up democratic like them
Explain in detail Hitler's suicide
So his generals are all freaking out and Hitler just wants to talk to Sophie (his girlfriend). They quickly get married and then both her and hitler go into his bedroom. Hitler decides they are going to commit suicide together so Sophie drinks the poison and then Hitler shots his brains out.
What led to the rise of dictators after WWI?
Economic dislocations following World War I
describe two military tactics the united states used to help win world war II
first was the island hopping in japan to see if they would quit. And when that didn't work we tested an atomic bomb then we dropped it in Hiroshima which was where Japan was making their weapons and then one in Nagaski.
What is the Neutrality Act of 1935?
It said there would be no selling of arms to any belligerent nation
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