1780s-1820s Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Official advisors.
-government: democratic (ruled by kings and nobles)
landowners made the laws
-good farmers
-captured towns was savage and cruel
King of Thailand
Pro-constitution, change, everyone's voice, balance of power, voting, strong gov't-federal level, strong economy, urban, trade, industry, world power (Hamilton, Washington & Adams)
Dr. Charles Drew
Washington D.C.
hostility or discrimination towards Jews
Yasser Arafat
leader of the PLO
Bessemer Converter
Converts iron to steel
william bradford
U.S. biographer and novelist.
____ primary: candidates nominated by the vote of all party members instead of by political bosses.
Valley Forge
Area of Pennsylvania approximately twenty miles northwest of Philadelphia where General George Washington's Continental troops were quartered from December 1777 to June 1778 while British forces occupied Philadelphia during the Revolutionary War.
indian societies in north america tended to divide tasks according to this
Attempt to ruin an opponent's reputation w/ insults
James K Polk
Who won the election?
Shi’a religions festival- Day of mourning for the death of Ali. National holiday in some countries where muslims go as far as cutting themselves to share in the pain of the martyrdom of Ali.
did athenians enjoy luxuries?where did they live?
definition: A system used by the Puritans in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in which each congregation has complete autonomy and there is no central authority. Different congregations of "like-minded" people were free to emphasize different aspects of the bible in their own congregation. There is no bishop, pope or hierarchy and people were allowed to use personal interpretation of holy scripture
significance: This was significant because it was an early sign of democratic values; that in america, things were done differently than in England and the people had a much more important role in the organization of the government (government was the puritan church). The pastors could only be removed by parishioners.
significance: Also, this was the system that Winthrop wanted to model what kind of reforms he wanted to be made to the church of england.
Estate General
French Parliment (each estate one vote)
to compromise; give in to one's demands
When camels were brought to Africa, trade increased across the ___.
oil embargo
reason why Japan bombed Pearl Harbor
Self-made Emperor of France he led reforms, built an empire, but then lost it.
Langauage of most people living in East Pakistan.
A store where farmers bought products from each other.
The Humble Oil Company of Texas eventually became...
Passionate patriot who became famous for his fiery speeches in favor of American independence. His most famous quote included the words, “Give me liberty or give me death!”
Patrick Henry
the governor who banned the protest march from Selma to Montgomery in 1965
Anti-saloon League
close saloons to cure society's problems
Objects that people in the past made or used
John "Blackjack" Pershing
commander of US forces in WWI
Patrick Henry
give me liberty or give me death
policy of b uilding up armed forces and giving the military more authority in foreign policy and gov't
who wrote first set of laws in athens
John Hancock
Patriot leader and president of the Second Continental Congress; first person to sign the Declaration of Independence.
Parson Mason Weems
Author who created the Washington fables
1076 CE
Gregory VII dethrones Henry IV and excommunicates him
What is Islam?
Submission to the will of Allah
Arthur Barlowe
second captian of a 2 ship fleet
Antonio de Lopez de Santa Anna-lost at San JacintoLone Star Republic
In 1963 which state passed New York in population?
King Leopold personally owned a colony in Africa known as ___. His politices there led to a Reign of Terror.
Belgian COngo
a desert in N Africa, extending from the Atlantic to the Nile valley. ab. 3,500,000 sq. mi. (9,065,000 sq. km).
original son of liberty. struck at the head lost his sanity
james otis
pax romana
was the long period of relative peace and minimal expansion by military force experienced by the roman empire in the first and second centuries AD.
Beginning of the Stone Age. The use of primitive stone tools were used., second part of the Stone Age beginning about 750,00 to 500,000 years BC and lasting until the end of the last ice age about 8,500 years BC
1967: 6 Day War
Israel launches pre-emptive attacks on Egypt, Jordan and Syria; conquers Gaza Strip, Sinai Peninsula, West Bank, East Jerusalem, and Golan Heights
Selection from Napoleon
possessed an overwhelming sense of his own importance.  Among the images he fostered, especially as his successes multiplied and his megalomaniacal tendencies intensified, were those of the man of destiny and the great man who masters luck
Who was the first protestant king of France?
Henry IV
____________ was the image of the south that the redeemers tried to sell to southerners following the Compromise of 1877. It envisioned an industrialized south and a new respect for work.
The New South
the regular rising and falling of the ocean
water tides
Hellenic Period
Extends from about 2000 BCE to 338 BCE (victory of Phillip of Macedon over Greeks)
Bartolome Las Casas
A Spaniard who wrote about the Spanish brutality in the Americas and helped form "The Black Legend".
department stores
giant retail shops that sold a lot of different items (a one-stop shop); low prices and convenience
US population census
every ten years. first aug 1790 took 18 months. included six questions.
Voting Rights Act
1965 passed by Johnson to enforce the 15th amendment by making literacy tests and restrictions on voting based on race illegal
Treaty of Ghent
The peace treaty that ended the War of 1812.
21. What law of 1850, promised in the Compromise of 1850, put the full authority of the federal government behind southern efforts to capture escaped slaves?
Fugitive Slave Law
Dr. Josef Mengele (1911-1979)
*"The Angel of Death" *Had his own headquarters on the camp in Auschwitz *Led medical experiments on prisoners *Experiments focused on Hypothermia, Malaria/Smallpox/Typhus, Mustard Gas, Sea Water, and Sterilization *Liked to experiment with twins in an attempt to understand the connection between the two *Fled to Brazil and lived under the name Wolfgang Gerhart until his death in 1979
People's Republic of China
Formed in October 1949 at end of long civil war between the Nationalists (or Kuomintang under Chiang Kai-shek) and the Communists under Mao Zedong. The Kuomintang armies had been routed and withdrew to Taiwan but were still considered by West to be the legal representatives of the Chinese people and held the U.N. seat on the Security Council until 1971
established min wage and max work wage
The fair labor standard act did what?
Which group did NOT support the movement for Prohibition?
Catholics who wished to curb the abuse of alcohol by its parishioners.
What was the purpose of Henry Clay's American System?
to enable the development of the West of the national market
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