8A- Section Review Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Oxygen
O
6 eras?
hadeanarvheanproterzoicpaleozicmesoziccenizoic
potential energy
stored energy
bromthymal blue
yellow in ACID
humus
dark-colored decayed organic matter that supplies nutrients to plants and is found mainly in top soil
Genetic Engineering
Technology: Creates Recombinant Plasmid w/ restriction enzymes
proton
positively charged elementary particle fundamental of all atomic nuclei
focus
Area beneath earth's surface breaks, triggering an earthquake.
endoplasmic reticulum
transports materials around the cell
SOLAR WIND
electrically charged particles that stream off the corona
enormous size
reason for Jupiter's strong gravitational field
phosphorus
a solid, nonmetallic element existing in at least three allotropic forms, one that is yellow, poisonous, flammable, and luminous in the dark, one that is red, less poisonous, and less flammable, and another that is black, insoluble in most solvents, and t
permafrost
soil that is frozen all year
Waning
describes phases that occur after a full moon, as the visible lighted side of the Moon grows smaller
Lithosphere
The rigid outer layer of Earth, including the crust and upper mantle.
generally, P waves travel ___ times faster than S waves
1.7
Rotation
spinning of Earth on its imaginary axis, which takes about 24 hours to complete and causes day and night to occur
ciempies
Artropodos con muchos segmentos en el cuerpo, 1 par de patas/segmentos. Son carnivoros. Tienen veneno.
Petals
the colorful structures that you see when the flowers open.
What is the function of speals
Protect bud
substances like rubber that hold onto electrons and do not conduct them
insalators
atom
the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element, consisting of a nucleus containing combinations of neutrons and protons and one or more electrons bound to the nucleus by electrical attraction; the number of protons dete
Newton
Equal the forrce required to accelerat 1kg of mass at 1ms2
Define mimicry.
An organism copies another's design for protection.
Space Shuttle
A reusable spacecraft designed to make many trips and that carries astronauts, satellites, and other cargo to and from space
Corolis effect
causes planetary winds not to blow directly north or south
weathering
slow wearing away of rocks by wind, water, and temperature fluctuations
annual
a plant that completes its entire life cycle within the space of a year
temperature
a measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particle in an object
How many seismographs do you need to figure out where the epicenter of an earthquake is?
3
I'm the process in which water vapor in the atmosphere becomes liquid.
Condensation
What is a human characteristic of the Classification Category Kingdom?
Animal
paleontology
the science of the forms of life existing in former geologic periods, as represented by their fossils.
prominence
an eruption of a flamelike tongue of relatively cool, high-density gas from the solar chromosphere into the corona where it can be seen during a solar eclipse or by observing strong spectral lines in its emission spectrum.
Changes in plants or animals over time are called_____. They help animals survive.
Adaptation
compression
when an object is squeezed, as when 2 tectonic plates collide
What is the most unique thing about the exosphere?
contains satellites
Problems with interpreting experiments
-causes may have small effects, effects may have multiple causes
-experiments often based upon flawed assumptions or have flaws in their designseven when an expiriment is well-designed and well executed, the conclusions may be wrong
coomplex carbohydrate
a long chain or polymer of simple carbohydrates
Is the process that powers the sun and stars.
Fussion
inference
the act or process of to deriving by reason, to conclude or judge from premises or evidence
black hole
remnant of a star that is so dense that nothing, not even light, can escape its gravity field
constellation
any one of 88 areas in the sky that are used to identify and name the stars
give 4 examples of properties of nonmaetals that are exactly the oppisite of properties of metals.
 
 
 
poor conducts of heat
brittle
dull
 poor conducts of electricity
What do fish use to allow its self to float in different water levels
swim bladders
White Dwarf
A star the size of the Earth that has a hot dense core.
primary growth in a root does this...
increases the length of the root
What did scientists learn about cells by using a microscope?
All cells share some of the same characteristics and different cells do different jobs.
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