8E Poetry Flashcards

Terms Definitions
8
octameter
Boom!
Onomatopoeia
hyperbole
extravagant exaggeration
beguiling
tricking; charming
octave
eight-line stanza
pentameter
five-foot line
cinquain
five lines
dimeter
2 metrical feet
Sonnet 130
William Shakespeare
speaker
person who speaks
Litotes
Understatement for effect
Synecdoche/metonymy
subsitute some significant detail/quality of an experience for the experience itself
couplet
two consecutive rhyming lines
kıta
stanza in a poem
quatraine
stanza of four lines
Barbra frietchie
john greenleaf whittler
tetrameter
four feet per line
dialogue
Conversation between characters. Sometimes in quotes, sometimes not
onomatopoeia
words that imate sound
Syntax
Arrangement of words within sentence.
Setting/ situation
time and place/ circumstances
Simile
Comparision between unlike things using like/as.
"Grasshopper" (13)
EE Cummings, kinetic poem
NARRATIVE
THE WRECK OF THE DEUTSCHLAND
semantic
the repetition of a word
cacophony
combination of harsh, discordant sounds, hard to articulated because of clusters of consonants
Unburnished
not polished; smooth; or bright
metaphor
imaginative comparison between two unlike things in which one is said to be another thin. no comparison words
Conscientious Objector
Edna St. Vincent Millay
consonance
repetition of consonant sounds within and at the end of non-rhyming words (big rag hug)
Mood
atmosphere or feeling the poem conveys
lyric poem
brief, personal poem, especially musical and filled with emotion
blank verse
consists of unrhymed iambic pentameter
Cliche
a worn-out idea or overused expression
kenning
Compound words or phrases substituted for simple nouns, especially in Anglo-Saxon poetry
Assonance
The repetition of vowel sounds, anywhere in a word
syllable
1 beat of speech or writing
rhythm
the musical quality produced by repetetion of stressed sylabols or by the repetition of other sounds
Acrostic poem
spells word down the side
connotation
the implied or suggested meaning connected with a word
Scansion
a system for describing conventional rhythms by dividing lines into feet, indicating the locations of binomial accents, and counting syllables
Rhyme
the repetition of accented vowel sounds and all sounds following them (cat/hat)
Lyric
any short, musical poem which expresses the poet's clearly revealed thoughts and feelings
Sonnet
fourteen line poem in iambic pentameter with a prescribed rhyme scheme; its subject is traditionally that of love
Caesura
A pause separating phrases within lines of poetry-an important part of poetic rhythm
Hayden
Wildly he crashes through elephant ears, pleads in dusty zinnias, while she in spite of crippling fat pursues and corners him.
Ballad stanza
alternate 8/6 syllables; typically only second/fourth lines rhyme
stanza
group of lines in a poem
meter
poetic measure; arrangement of words in regularly measured, patterned, or rhythmic lines or verses.
Poetic Diction
Strictly speaking, any language deemed suitable for verse, but the term generally refers to elevated language intended for poetry rather than common use.
Haiku
A traditional Japanese haiku is a three-line poem with seventeen syllables, written in a 5/7/5 syllable count. Often focusing on images from nature, haiku emphasizes simplicity, intensity, and directness of expression
End rhyme
occurs at the end of lines
terza rima
arrangement of tercets interlocked by rhyme schemeof aba bcb cdc ded
epic
a long story poem describing the adventures of a hero
format
structure or how it is put together
slant rhyme
partial or imperfect (not exact) rhyme
allusion
a brief, intentional reference to a historical, mythic, or literary person, place, event, or movement
symbolism
when one thing stands for something else
metonymy
closely related symbol that stands for something else
imagery
language that appelas to the 5 senses
themes
broad subject or thesis of the poem
symbol
anything that stands for or represents something else
Alliteration
the repetition of the beginning sound or letter in two or more words in a line
tone
the author's attitude toward both the subject and the reader(playful, sarcastic, personal, serious, angry, amused)
refrain
group of lines repeated at intervals throughout a poem
Trochee
two syllable feet - Heavy stress followed by light stress - /flow-er/
free verse
irregular patterns of rhythm and rhyme
couple
two of the same sort considered together; pair.
apostrophe
A figure of speech in which someone absent or dead or something nonhuman is addressed as if it were alive and present and could reply
implied metaphor
hints at or alludes to a comparison
Similie
a comparison that uses words: like or as
Direct metaphor
the literal term and the figurative term are both named
Diamante
seven-lined poem set up in a diamond shape
anaphora
repetition of a word at the beginning of two or more lines
Abstract Word
a thought, feeling, emotion, or idea, not a physical object.
Polyptoton
repetition of a word in a different case or inflection in the same sentence
rhyme scheme
pattern of end rhyme in a poem
Personification
giving human qualities or acitons to a inhuman things (The ocean chased us to the sand. The wind cried outside)
Irony
This use of words to express something other than and especially the opposite of the literal meaning
Juxtaposition
the location of one thing as being adjacent to another. This placing creates a certain effect or accomplishes some purpose of the writer.
theme
is the general idea or insight about life that a writer wishes to express, all of the elements of literary terms contribute to theme; Example:"after reading this (book,poem,essay), "I think that the author wants us to understand ..."
English or Shakespearian
3 Quatrains: each presents similar images
Heroic Couplet: presents a paradoxical resolution
analogy
drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect
masculine rhyme
final syllable of first word rhymes with final syllable of second word (scald recalled)
Pun
play on words based on words with similar or identical sound but different connotations.
run-on line
A line which has no natural speech pause at its end, allowing the sense to flow uninterruptedly into the succeeding line
enjambment
When a line (or lines) of poetry does not contain a pause or stop at the end, but rather continues onto the next line
unstressed syllable
a syllable that is not accented or given more prominence in its pronunciation
feminine rhyme
a rhyme of two syllables, one stressed and one unstressed, as "waken" and "forsaken" and "audition" and "rendition." Feminine rhyme is sometimes called double rhyme.
Eye rhyme
Rhyming words that seem to rhyme when written down as text because parts of them are spelled identically, but which are pronounce differently in modern english.
Ode to the West Wind
by Percy Bysshe Shelley1820Hymn\"Thou on whose stream, 'mid the steep sky's commotion\"\"Thou who didst waken from his summer dreams\"\"If I were a dead leaf thou mightest bear\"\"Make me thy lyre, even as the forest is\"
internal rhyme
a rhyme that occurs within a line of poetry
strategy (or rhetorical strategy)
the management of language for a specific effect. The strategy or rhetorical strategy of a poem is the planned placing of elements to achieve an effect. The rhetorical strategy of most love poems is deployed to convince the loved one to return to the speaker's love. By appealing to the loved one's sympathy, or by flattery, or by threat, the lover attempts to persuade the loved one to love in return.
turning the line
the pause at the end of the line
great warrior and national hero
how is Byron remembered in Greece?
figure of speech
language that is not ment to be taken literally
Don't read line by line, read for the whole meaning, read aloud, read multiple times, let punctuation be you guide, identify the speaker, use your senses
Tips for reading poetry
(2) And the Windows failed-and then I could not see to see-
"I heard a Fly buzz" - Emily Dickinson
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