9B Ancient Rome Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Dictator
absolute ruler
Apostle
disciple of Jesus
tribunes
leaders of the Assembly
barbarians
nomadic and foreign invaders
Octavian
Julius Caesar's grandnephew, later known as Augustus. By defeating Mark Antony, he gained rule of all roman lands. He was Rome's first true emperor.
Tiber
large river running through Rome
Who wrote the "Parallel Lives"
Plutarch
Actium
The battle where Octavian crushed Antony and Cleopatra and took over the Roman empire
plebian
Average, common, people - Farmers, artisans, merchants - could not participate in government
Brutus and Cassius
plotted to kill Caesar
who wewr many of the teachers
slaves
veto
a vote that blocks a decision
Senate
the aristocratic branch of Rome's government
Diocletian
Split the empire in 2 parts
Caligula
one of the worse emperors of Rome
Renaissance
Happened about 1000 years after the Dark Ages
A rebirth
Plebeian
a common farmer, trader, or craft worker in ancient Rome
Augustus
First Roman emperior; won the civil war following Juluis Caesar's assassination and went on to unify the empire and establish Pax Romana.
Judge
official who decides if people are guilty or innocent
circus
a large, usually oblong or oval, roofless enclosure, surrounded by tiers of seats rising one above another, for chariot races, public games, etc.
republic
a government in which much of the power is held be elected representatives
aqueduct
Brings fresh water to towns from fresh water springs and wells
Rubicon River
Caesar refused to disband his army here
Patrician
a member of the noble families who controlled all power in the early years of the Roman Republic
Pax Romana
the period of stability and prosperity in the Roman Empire, lasting from 27 bc to ad 180
Julius Caesar
A successful Roman general and famous speaker, was govenor of Gaul, used army to expand control of Roman Republic, offered the crown of Rome to test his power, eventually became a dictator and was murdered by a group of Senators
mosaic
art consisting of a design made of small pieces of colored stone or glass
Etruscans
The first rulers of the Roman Republic and Empire; Laid the foundation for Rome and Roman civilization
satrap
official who ruled a state in the Persian Empire under Darius
Reforms of Augustus Caesar
Patron of the arts
Limited Proconsul power in the provinces
Tax collectors replaced with public employees
Imported grain
New roads
Many buildings
consul
One of the 2 elected offcials of the Roman Republic who commanded the army and were supreme judges
Punic Wars
A series of three wars between Rome and Carthage (264-146 B.C.); resulted in the destruction of Carthage and Rome's dominance over the western Mediterranean.
Circus Maximus
A Roman outdoor arena in which public games, such as chariot races, were held was called
The "Good Emperors"
5 emperors that ruled Rome for 100 years during the pax romana, Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius
Lucius Cornelius Sulla
consul; marched on Rome which led to a Civil War; he won and ruled as dictator from 82- 79 BC
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