A-Level English Language Terminology Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Taboo
Forbidden, swearing
Pace
How fast
Pauses
Natural breathing spaces
Intonation
Tone/Quality of voice
Syllables
Beats in a word
Pragmatics
Study of implicit meanings
Expressive talk
Communicating feelings, ideas, emotions and opinions.
Initiating
Starting up a new topic
Humorous taboo
Swearing towards another person teasing; can convey a close relationship
Infinitive
The base form of a verb
Verbs
Words which express actions and states
MODE
The medium of communication, for example speech or writing.
Graphology
Study of visual features of a text
Auxiliary taboo
Swearing attatched to something other than a person e.g. 'it's bloody raining'
Commissives
Speaker committed to a certain course of action e.g. 'bet', 'guarantee', 'promise', 'swear'
Challenging
Not seeing eye to eye, arguing. Confronting the topic.
Framing
Phatic talk, e.g 'hi, how're you?', 'see you soon'
Vocal effects
Sounds - sighing, yawning, huffing, laughing, humming
TRANSCRIPT
An accurate written record of a conversation or monologue, including hesitations and pauses.
CONTINUUM
A way of representing differences by placing texts along a line showing degrees of various features.
Representatives
Speaker committed to the truth of a proposition - words such as 'affirm', 'believe', 'conclude', 'report' used
Prescriptivism
Belief that one type of language is acceptable - judgemental
Field
Activity taking place at the time or the subject matter.
Auxiliary
Verb that supports the main verbs. Can be used to indicate the time of action. Main ones are 'to be', 'to have' and 'to do'
CONTEXT
The place or situation where the text might be read or spoken.
AUDIENCE
The people for whom the text was produced.
MULTIMODAL TEXTS
Texts that combine word, image and sound to produce meaning, for example a children's storybook that includes images to support the text.
FORMALITY
The language patterns and words a text uses and whether they are formal or informal.
Count nouns
Names for things which can be counted. Have a plural form. e.g. 'teabag', 'girl', 'child'
Concrete nouns
Words for things which are visible and tangible e.g. 'potato', 'house', 'fox'
Semantic field
Group of words which are related in meaning
Directives
Speaker tries to get a hearer to do something e.g. 'ask', 'challenge', 'command', 'request'
Lexical
A verb that gives meaning in a verb phrase, e.g. 'I am COOKING'
OPPOSITIONAL VIEW
A broad way of defining modes, which suggests that their qualities are strictly opposites, for example writing is formal, speech is informal.
GENRE
The category or type of a text, such as comedy, tragedy and horror.
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