A.P. Art History Final Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
Minoan
3000-1200
libation
liquid offering
pop art
Seurat
Parisian, post-impressionist
Napoleon Bonapart
null
a color
une couleur
David
Michelangelo Buonarroti
1501-1503
Accademia, Florence
Marble sculpture
donor/patron
pays for work
Lamassu
Where: Modern Turkey
Renee Magritte
The False Mirror
orozco. horses running endlessly
1995
Pantheon, 118-125 C.E.,Roman Art
arch of constantine, Roman
Michelangelo, Sistine Ceiling, (Creation of Adam, Libyan Sybil, Ignudi)
1500-1510
name
artist
location
period
Virgin and Child Enthroned
Cimabue
Church of Santa Trinita, Florence, Italy
Gothic
Self-portrait with a Model
Ludwig Kirchner
LINEAR
Painting technique which places importance on outline or contour line
Old TEstament and New Testament
?
Pilasters
Rectangular, embedded columns. Not structural.
Peplos Kore
530 BCE Archaic Greek
ENCLOSURE
aristocracy develops land for agiculture ventures. Capitolist venture. People were thrown off the land.
stele
commorative stone slab
-Stele of Naram-Sin; Stele of Hammurabi
Monet

Impression: Sunrise
Modern Impressionism, French, 1877

-Quality of sketch - abbreviation, speed, spontaneity
Man Ray, Cadeau (gift) 1958, America
Rubens
leading Flemish Baroque painter. In his work can be seen a synthesis of the of many Renaissance and Baroque painters especially Michelangelo, Titan, Carracci and Caravaggio. He was a smooth man of the world and diplomat.
barrel vault
an elongated or continuous semicircular vault, shaped like a half cylinder
Gamble House
Greene and Greene
A&C in America
Temple of Ramses II, 1290-1224 B.C.E.,Egyptian New Kingdom Art
Pounded earthen foundation of Palace 1, Xianyang, Shaanxi, 3rd century BCE
Corvey Abbey westwork
Westphalia, Germany; 873-875 CE;
pagoda
a multistoried Chinese tower, usually associated with a Buddhist temple, having a multiplicity of projecting eaves
Bestiary
a medieval book (usually illustrated) with allegorical and amusing descriptions of real and fabled animals
Kore/Korai
Greek: female youth, singular and plural
Phaedra Sarcophagus, 3rd century CE. Roman, Imperial Period. Camposanto, Pisa
...
Renaissance
period following the Medieval; from the late 14th to early 16th centuries; transition from medieval to modern; art is characterized by a return to classical principles of harmony and proportion
Number 1
Jackson Pollock, 1950 (Lavender Mist), 1950. Oil, enamel, and aluminum paint on canvas, 7' 3" x 9' 10".
Japanese Print
Colored woodcuts that flooded Europe after 1853
The Sphinx- Egyptian
Much older than the pyramids
capitals
forms the crowning member of a column
Zemi
Taino concept, meaning both deity or ancestral spirit and a sculptural object that houses the spirit.
muezzin
"Worship caller", a man who called Muslims to worship each Friday from his perch atop a minaret.
piazza
a public square; typically where the faithful gather to hear the pope's message and receive his blessing
megalith
memorial consisting of a very large stone forming part of a prehistoric structure (especially in western Europe)
christogram
the three initial letters of Christ's name in Greek (XPI) which came to serve as a monogram for Christ (chirota)
John
winged eagle from the Mausoleum of Galla Placidia (mosaic)
german expressionism
emphasis on the emotional or expressive qualities in a work of art (traditional northern tradition, german art was always expressive)
more socially aware
generally inspired by the romanticism movement and fauvism
sometimes characterized as tortured, anguished, brutally primitive, passionately spiritual
section
in orthographic projection, a slice of an object or architectural structure which reveals with internal structure and detail
Hinduism
(the religion of the Indians) no founder or prophet; ritual sacrifice by priests
Ionic order
base, slender column, capital with scroll-like carvings
Capitoline Wolf
Etruscan - Symbolizing the birth of Rome. Romulus and Remus suckling on the she-wolf, children added in the renaissance 500-480 BCE
School of Athens
Raphael. High Renaissance Italy 16th C.
expressionists
use of distortion to show an intense inner feeling
Jackson Pollack
Number 1 Lavender Mist 1960 Abstract Expressionism
red figure
style of ancien greek vase painting characterized by red clay colored figures on a black background
The Luncheon 1873
By: Claude Monet
His personal garden, people he cares about are in his painting, his wife and son - hides them in image. The shadows define forms and there is not much contrast.
Frontality
Representation of a subject in a full frontal view
Fin-De-Siecle-
French for "End of the century", a period in western cultural history when decadence and indulgence masked anxiety about an uncertain future
wedgewood factory
HAMILTON: Scottish painter. He used to work at the wedgewood factory making Jasperware porcelin vases. Massed produced and of good quality. Rococo colors. Painted moralistic subject matter and his death of hector painting was based on Poussin's Death of Germanicus. Wedgewood factories made to look like etruscane style bc greek vases were bought and placed in estruscian tombs
JUNCTION
1. the place at which objects or events meet. 2. a physical
intersection between elements or parts in a three-dimensional object.
Michelozzo di Bartolomeo (Michelozzi)
Facade of the Medici palace
Edward Hopper
U.S. realist painter best known for his mature works, such as Early Sunday Morning and Nighthawks, often depicting isolated figures in bleak scenes from everyday urban life.
False Beard
a beard which pharaohs would wear that showed a symbol of royal authority
christ delivering the keys to the kingdom of st peter
perugino 1481 1483
"Annunciation, Nativity, and Adoration of the Shepherds" Nicola Pisano Pulpit Baptistery relief panel (19-3)
Resembles Roman Sarcophogus. Beginning of Renaissance.
ionic
One of the three main styles of Greek architecture. The column is slender and finely fluted; its capital is in the shape of a scroll.
IMPRESSIONISM emerges
End of 2nd empire and into 3rd republic.
Lux Nova
the term Abbot Suger used to describe stained glass
Name, Artist, "-ism"
Seagrams Building, Mies van der Rohe, International Style Architecture
atmospheric (aerial) perspective
the illusion of space is achieved by simulation the way we perceive the color and surface textures of distance objects. Further away- paler, less detail and texture)
Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte
Seurat France Post-Impressionism
What are the 2 kinds of analysis?
1. Visual/Formal Analysis
2. Contextual Analysis
The Old Road to Ennery 1873
By: Camille Pissarro
large field man carrying sticks, a complex painting.
What are the characteristics of the Momoyama Period?
Grand scale, Many buildings were built, Use of gold, Secular art begins, Art school (Kano) becomes dominant
Georges Pompidou Center of Art and Culture (the "Beaubourg")
Richard Rogers and Renzo Piano, Paris, France, 1977.
an age of senility or age of decrepitude
the second half of the 16th century
-characterized by a style that was "weak," "sluggish," "indolent," and "washed-out."
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