A.P. English Literary Terms Flashcards

Terms Definitions
atmosphere
blanched
paled; whitened
Cordial
Friendly; sincere
conceit
witty/ clever phrases
Benign
Kind and gentle
bemuse
to confuse or bewilder
Blank Verse
An unrhymed verse.
Elegy
A poem of mourning
narrator
voice speaker of fictional work
harsh, inharmonious, or discordant sounds
dissonance
Caricature
Descriptive writing that greatly exaggerates a specific feature of a person's apearance of personality.
MONOLOGIC
ACCORDING TO BAKHTIN, CHARACTER'S VOICES ARE SUBJECTIVE TO AUTHORITATIVE CONTROL BY THE AUTHOR.
Obscure
(adj.) relatively unkown
(v.) to conceal or make indistinct
character
a person in a story
Caricatrue
A picture, description, etc. ludicrously exaggerating the peculiarities or defects of persons or things
Consonance
The recurrence of similar sounds, especially consonants, close together that are mainly used in poetry
dramatic conventions
techniques that substitute for reality; give the audience info they could not get from straightforward action
Dialogue
The exchange of words between characters; good dialogue contributes to plot and character development. Bad dialogue doesn't.
figurative language
expressions such as similies, metaphors, and personifications that make imaginative, rather than literal, comparisons or associations
Hyperbole
Obvious exaggeration to make a point.(Figurative Tropes)
Orphaned niece of Reverend Parris.  She was once the lover of John Proctor but was turned out when his wife discovered the affair.  She is extremely jealous of Elizabeth Proctor and uses her power in the town to rid herself of Elizabeth as well as any o
ABIGAIL
Oxymoron
When contradictory terms are combined to form words that mean something else
Imagery
forming mental images in a text
Parody
A humorous and often satirical imitation of the style or particular work or another author
Ambiguous
Open to more than one interpretation
Strong, regular, repeated pattern of sound or movement
Rhythm
ominous
adj.
 
there was an ominous silence when i asked where tracy was.
personification
gives nonhuman things human like qualities
pedantic
ostentatious in one's learning, overly concerned with minute details or formalisms, especially in teaching
denotation
the most direct meaning of a word
onomatopoeia
words used to imitate sounds they describe
voice
in grammar, a term for the relationship between a verb and a noun
PARABLE
a relatively short story that teaches a moral, or lesson about how to lead a
good life.
monologue
a long speech given by one character
literary techniques used to heighten the effectiveness of expression
rhetorical devices
RHYME
The repetition of vowel sounds in accented syllables and all succeeding syllables. When words within the same line of poetry have repeated sounds, we have an example of internal rhyme. End rhyme refers to rhyming words at the end of the lines.
satire
literary device used to ridicule or make fun of a human weakness (ex Greed)
External Conflict
A character struggles against some outside person or force.
"4. author"
"the person who wrote the story"
alliteration
The repetition of the same consonants (usually the initial sounds of words or of stressed syllables) at the start of several words or syllables in sequence or in close proximity to each other.
Syntax
The ordering of words into meaningful verbal patterns such as phrases, clauses, and sentences
Antagonist
A person who struggles against or competes with the protagonist
Quatrain
A four-line stanza, and the most common form of English verse
couplet
two consecutive lines of verse which rhyme and are usually of equal length
genre
the major catergory into whic a literary work fits
Loose Sentence
Main idea (independent clause) comes first, followed by independent grammatical units. 
couplet
two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme
allegory
a representation of an abstract or spiritual meaning through concrete or material forms; figurative treatment of one subject under the guise of another.
Context
the set of facts or circumstances surrounding an event or a situation in a piece of literature.
direct presentation
When the writer tells readers what kind of personality the character possesses rather than allowing the character to show his or her personality and allow readers to draw their own conclusions.
Similie
A comparison of two unlike things in which a word of comparison (often like or as) is used.
plot
the sequence of events in a literary work
Major
The primary character who does most of the action. Plot is focused on her/him.
prosody
the study of sound and rhythm in poetry
Exposition
The first stage of a fictional or dramatic plot in which necessary background information is provided
ballad
verse to be sung or recited and characterized by its presentation of a dramatic or exciting episode; it is usually in ballad (or common) meter: tetramter alternated with trimeter lines rhyming abab.
Litotes
A form of understatement in which the negative of the contrary is used to achieve emphasis or intensity. Example: He is not a bad dancer.
dramatic poetry
poetry that uses the elements of drama
Literal
words mean nothing more than what they actually say.
irony
a contrast between what is stated and what is suggested - something different from what you'd expect or think is so - the reverse of the ordinary
FLASHBACK
A TERM WHICH PROBABLY DERIVES FROM THE CINEMA, AND WHICH IS NOW ALSO USED TO DESCRIBE ANY SCENE OR EPISODE IN A PLAY, NOVEL, STORY, OR POEM WHICH IS INSERTED TO SHOW EVENTS THAT HAPPENED AT AN EARLIER TIME.
Villanelle
A nineteen-line poem made up of five tercets and a final quatrain in which all nineteen lines carry one of only two rhymes. There are two refrains, alternating between the ends of each tercet and then forming the last two lines of the quatrain
homeric epithet
a repeated descriptive phase, as found in Homer's epics
Anaphora
Repetition of a word or expression at the beginning of successive clauses, phrases, sentences, or verses. 
Ballad
A song or poem that tells a story
refrain
a word, phrase, line, or group of lines repeated for effect, several times in a poem
expose
to lay open to danger, attack, harm, etc.:
Denouement
the final solution or outcome of a play or story.
pun
A joke or type of wordplay in which similar senses or sounds of two words or phrases, or different senses of the same word, are deliberately confused.
internal rhyme
a rhyme between words in the same line
Aside
A short speech made by a character in a play in which the audience is meant to hear while the characters on stage are assumed to have not heard.
PARAPHRASE
To paraphrase is to state a text in your own words.
dramatic irony
facts or events are unknown to a character but known to the reader or audience or other characters.
Metaphor
A figure of speech in which one thing is referred to as another; for example, "my love is a fragile flower."
a type of language that varies from the norms of literal language, in which words mean exactly what they say. forces the reader to make an imaginative leap in order to comprehend an author's point. i.e. metaphor
figurative language
Dynamic Character
Character that changes as a result of their experiences
Third Person Point of View
the author is telling the story.
limited omniscient point of view
Author tells the story in third person, but from the viewpoint of a single character. The thoughts and feelings of other characters are not shown.
limited point of view or limited focus
perspective pinned to a single character so you don't know what's happening on other minds

omniscient point of view is where you can see all views
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