A.P. Lit Terms 2 Flashcards

vocabulary
Terms Definitions
protagonist
main character
aphorism
pithy maxim or saying;
blank verse
Unrhymed iambic pentameter.
antihero
protagonist w/o traditional hero characteristics.
tone
Similar to mood,thisdescribes the author's attitude toward his or her material, the audience, or both.
assonance
the repetition of vowel sounds
repartee
a quick witty comeback or response
anaphora
Repetition of particular word in successive lines of verse
pedantic
An adjective that describes words, phrases, or general tone that is overly scholarly, academic, or bookish.
diction
writer's word choices especially with regard to correctness, clearness, or effectiveness
parallelism
The grammatical or rhetorical framing of words, phrases, sentences, or paragraphs to give structural similarity.
homily
This term literally means "sermon," but more informally, it can include any serious talk, speech, or lecture involving moral or spiritual advice.
soliloquy
a (usually long) dramatic speech intended to give the illusion of unspoken reflections
personification
the act of attributing human characteristics to abstract ideas etc.
caesura
a pause separating phrases within lines of poetry
proverb
a short statement offering a general truth
Anapest
a metrical foot consisting of three syllables, accent on the third
analogy
a similarity or comparison between two different things or the relationship between them
allegory
the device of using character and\or story elements symbolically to represent an abstraction in additon to the litearl term. This abstract meaning usually deals with moral truth or a generalization about human existnece.
inference
to draw a reasonable conclusion from the information presented
conceit
a fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor or surprising analogy between seemingly dissimilar objects
rhetorical modes
this flexible term describes the variety, the conventions, and the purposes of the major kinds of writing.
subject complement
the word (with any accompanying phrases) or clause that follows a linking verb and complements, or completes, the subject of the sentence by either (1) renaming it or (2) describing it. The former is technically called a predicate nominative, the latter a predicate adjective.
polysyndeton
using many conjunctions to achieve an overwhelming effect
satire
form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack human vice and folly
apostrophe
a technique by which a writer addresses an inanimate object, an idea, or a person who is either dead or absent.
synesthesia
describing one kind of sensation in terms of another ("a loud color", "a sweet sound")
hyperbole
an exaggeration used in literature to emphasize the intensity of feelings or convictions
Allusion
A reference to some person place or thing from literary or cultural history. Often indirect
abstract
refers to an idea rather than an actual thing. ex "love"
prose
One of the major divisions of genre, refers to fiction and nonfiction, including all its forms
periodic sentence
A sentence that presents its central meaning in a main clause at the end.
second person
The narrator tells a listener what he/she has done or said, using the personal pronoun "you." This point of view is rare.
third person
a narrator with a much broader view
flat character
a character who embodies a single quality and who does not develop in the course of a story
figurative language
Writing or speech that is not intended to carry literal meaning and is usually meant to be imaginative and vivid.
declarative sentence
a sentence that makes a statement or declaration
slant rhyme
rhyme in which the vowel sounds are nearly, but not exactly the same (i.e. the words "stress" and "kiss"); sometimes called half-rhyme, near rhyme, or partial rhyme
loose sentence
a type of sentence in which the main idea (independent clause) comes first,followed by dependent grammatical units such as phrases and clauses.
foil character
a character who is used as a contrast to another character; the contrast emphasizes the differences between the two characters, bringing out the distinctive qualities in each
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