A.P. US History Flashcards

Terms Definitions
caracalla
severus son
14th Amendment
?
corrupt
dishonest spoiled rotten
realpolitik
Bismarks politics of reality
seppuku
ritual suicide of samurai
Charles Sumner
radical republican through reconstruction period
catacombs
vast, subterranean galleries beneath the city of Rome that were used by persecuted Christians for refuge, worship, and burial
EC STANTON
AMERICAN SOCIAL ACTIVIST, ABOLITIONIST, AND LEADING FIGURE OF THE EARLY WOMANS MOVEMENT. PRESENTED AT THE FIRST WOMENS RIGHTS CONVENTION HELD IN 1848 AT SENACA FALLS
New World was attractive why?
Land
Demagogues
leaders who manipulate people with half truths
Mandates
gave Western European nations (Britain and France) political and military control over the Middle East (basically imperialism -- same excuse of "White Man's Burden")
Hannibal
general who commanded the Carthaginian army in the second Punic War
Legalism
Chinese philosophy from the Zhou dynasty that called for harsh suppression of the common people.
Umar
spread Islam to Persia and Iraq
Treaty of Versailles
ended worl war I
Temperance – moderation or abstention in the use of alcoholic beverages – attracted many advocates in the early nineteenth century. Their crusade against alcohol, which grew out of the Second Great Awakening, became a powerful social and political for
TEMPERANCE MOVEMENT
manorialism
the manorial organization, or its principles and practices in the Middle Ages.
What did the word Pharoh mean
Great house
Gettysburg
turning point of war right after stonewall died north begins winning all battles
enlightenment
This movement emphasized the power of human reason to shape the world.
"Here I stand, I cannot do otherwise."
Luther
George Marshall
Secretary of State, General during WWII
public togetherness
political party members gather togher in order to have more solidarity and support
Organized Crimes
all about politics, political boss sort of like Godfather
Terra-cotta Soldiers
Eight thousand life size sculptures guarding the tomb of the First Emperor,
March On Washington 


Huge, peaceful demonstration to promote equal rights for African Americans. 
All scandels
weakened democracy and makes the people cynical
mass culture?(definition)
mexicans across the country became more and more alike.
calvin coolidge
30th president of the U.S. 1923–29.
boundary
a border or line where something comes to an end
hearth
the area where an idea or culture trait originates
First 100 Days
when FDR introduced the New Deal
recall
the act of removing an official by petition
dictator
Roman leader who had absolute power to make laws and command the army for abrief period
Albany Movement
A year long campaign of protest marches against racial injustice in Georgia
Ayatollah Ruholla Khomeini
an Iranian religious leader and politician, and leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution which saw the overthrow of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the Shah of Iran; following the revolution and a national referendum, he became the country's Supreme Leader until his death
Nationalism
popular support for a nation by its inhabitants
CAVOUR, CAMILLO DI
DOMINANT FIGURE IN THE SARDINIAN GOVERNMENT 
CAME FROM NOBLE FAMILY 
GOALS LIMITED AND REALISTIC 
SOUGHT UNITY ONLY FOR THE NORTHERN AND CENTRAL ITALY 
CONSOLIDATE SARDINIA AS A LIBERAL CONSTITUTION 
GOADED AUSTRIA INTO ATTACKING SARDINIA 
Queen Liliuokalani
took powers that the American sugar planters had held. In response, the white planters overthrew her
Francis of Assisi
spread loyalty to Church Universities and spread throughout Europe
Ten-Percent Plan
If 10% of a southern state’s voters pledged allegiance to the Union then they could reenter the union. It was Lincoln’s plan to rebuild America. The Wade-Davis Bill was an alternative to the 10% plan
scale
a graduated line, as on a map, representing proportionate size.
13th 14th 15th ammendments
civil war ammendments no slavery blacks are citizens blacks can vote
What was the term used to describe the government's policy of defining territorial boundaries for individual tribes and making a separate treaty with each?
Concentration
Warsaw Pact
a military alliance formed in 1955 by the Soviet Union and seven Eastern European countries
grants citizenship to all persons born in the United States
The 14th Amendment...
~What did the donation of pepin became know as?~
~Papal States~
political party
a group that seeks to elect candidates by supplying them with a label- a "party identification"- by which they are known to the electorate
How were African Americans used during the war?
-Enlisted in Continental Army-Washington favored using slaves as soldiers-Most states enlisted 5000 African Americans [against opposition]-Rhode Island had an all-African regiment
what did marie theresa make reforms in?
education and medicine
buying on margin
buying stock & paying only a portion of the full cost up-front & promising to pay it later
The ____ fought for legislation to protect african-americans rights under the leadership of_______.
NAACP; James Weldon Johnson
Emancipation Proclamation
This is the Act signed into law by Abraham Lincoln, which freed all of the slaves in the Southern States. This Act was passed during the Civil War. It did not free those slaves residing in the States that were part of the Union.
The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk:
immediately took Russia out of the war.
Six more crusades happened over the next 60 years but accomplished very little & these people conquered all of the territory they lost. By 1291 that last Christian city fell to Muslim forces.
The Muslims (Muslim armies)
Indian and African Descent
Most of the poor are ------ and --------
what happened in the election of 1800?
jefferson became president after making a deal
who established the largest empire since Rome?
Charlemagne, leader of the Franks (Germanic people)
c, g, r, j, s, a, p, w
the 8 features of civilization
If both the Presdent and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
the Speaker of the House
Identify Issac Newton. What did he write?
One of the founders of classical physics, astronomy. Came up with law of universal gravitation, no difference in celestial and terrestial mechanics.
Wrote:
     Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy (Principia) – 1687
Opticks – 1704
Professor at Cambridge University
What is history as an account
It's small and its made by someone in the present
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