A.P. World History 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Satrap
governor
Hampton Roads
Civil
john deere
invented plow
gustavus adolphus
king of Sweden
MONK'S MOUND
massive earthen pyramid
Louis XIV
feeling i have
ziggurat
a Sumerian stepped monumental tower
FCC
Federal Communications Commission: an independent government agency that regulates interstate and international communications by radio and television and wire and cable and satellite
HaddonAve Used To Be A..
Turnpike
Cyrus McCormick invented what?
The Reaper
Tennessee is which time zone? (Eastern, central, mountain, pacific)
Central
salon
social gathering of intelectuals, held in the homes of wealthy women
Kelley
illinois factor inspector who helped pass labor laws protecting women and children
Hebrews
God’s chosen people that follow Jewish religion. Were exiled by Babylonians, and then release by Cyrus the Great
Harlem Renaissance
A new African-American cultural awareness that flourished inliterature, art, and music in the 1920s.
excommunication
exclusion from the Roman Catholic Church as a penalty for refusing to obey Chruch law
Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1948)
*Advocated Non-Violent Resistance *Economic self-determination *Wanted national unity between the Muslims and Hindus *Promoted fasting and marches as forms of protest *Was educated in Britain and earned a law degree
Lemon Test
1. sec. legis. purpose
2. No help/hinder religion
3. No gov. "entanglement"
spoils system
the practice f winning candidates' rewarding their supporters with government jobs.
National Assembly
A French congress established by representatives of the Third Estate on June 17, 1789, to enact laws and reforms in the name of the French people
ecology
the environment as it relates to living organisms
Squatter
someone who settles on public land under government regulation with the hopes of acquiring the title of the land
germ theory
the theory that infectious diseases are caused by certain microbes
use of Buffalo
teepees, clothes, blankets, shoes, meat
a civil and religious ruler of muslims
caliph
The middle court within the judicial hierarchy has __________ power, whether they are part of the state or federal system.
Apellate
1812
Constitution of this year passed – established a limited monarchy
38th parallel
surrenderd to the Soviets
japn had annexed Korea in 1910
-as war eneded Japanese troops north of the 38th parallel surrendered
-south of the parallel surrendered to Aemricans
-as in germany, two nation developed, one communists, and one democratic
When did Pakistan and India gain independence?
1947-48
Storming of Bastille
Parisians invade Bastille to steal ammunition, free prisoners. Symbolic of overthrowing government, begins war
gilgamesh
the epic story of the king, Gilgamesh, who searched for immortality. This is a Sumerian legend and is believed to be the first story
weaver
who did the populist party nominate to run for president in the 1892 election
Calicut
port on India's coast that Vasco da Gama reached on his voyage
Five Pillars
beliefs that all Muslims needed to carry out: Faith, Prayer, Alms, Fasting, and Pilgrimage
when did the agricultural revolution occur?
11000 years ago
LEGALISM TRAITS
-DO NOT CARE ABOUT MORALS OR ETHICS
 -NO INTEREST IN SPIRITUALITY
-AGRICULTURE & ARMED FORCES ARE BASE OF STATES STRENGTH
-MORE FOCUSED ON DETAIL OF STATE
 -WANTS BIGGER AND STRONGER GOVERNMENT
-HAD HANDS ON EXPERIENCE
-FINDS CONF AND DAO TOO WISHY WASHY AND ABSTRACT
-LEGALISM IS MORE PRACTICAL
1902 coal strike
Brokeout in Pennsyvania when 140,000 workers demanded 20% pay increase and 9 hour work day. When owners refused to negotiate, lack of coal caused freezing schools, hospitals, factories, and TR threatened to sieze mines and operate them with federal troops resulting in 10% pay increase, 9 hour workday but no recognition of Union as a bargaining agent
Half-way Covenant
an agreement to grant membership to unconverted descendants of church members
Hawks and Doves
Nicknames for the two opposing positions in American policy during Vietnam. Hawks supported escalation of war and Doves argued it was wrong and that the US should withdraw
Emperor Ruzi
last emperor before break in 8 AD
Who is Thomas Gage
Governer of Massachusetts. Beleived only force could subdue the colonies.
Nicholas II
The last Czar of Russia that was killed with his family to keep them from becoming a political statement
Lend-Lease Act
stated the United States could lend or lease arms to any county considered "vital to the defense of the United States"
Andrew Carnegie
believed that the wealthy had a moral obligation to share their wealth with the public; philanthropist
Rough Riders
part of the American army that invaded Cuba; mostly western cowboys and other hardy characters; commanded by Colonel Leonard Wood , organized by Theodore Roosevelt
Lucy Mercer
The woman with whom Roosevelt had an affair. Eleanor's secretary. Never turned into a big deal.
The first "talking" motion picture was the 1927 classic 
The Jazz Singer 
Khaki Election
The name given to the 1917 federal election because of Borden's efforts to win the military vote
Factories (assembly line)
is a manufacturing process in which parts are added to a product in a sequential manner using logistics to create a finished product much faster than with handcrafting-type methods
Napoleon's War against Russia
when czar withdrew from continental system, Napoleon marched into Russia. By 1812 Russians proved too crafty for Napoleon and he had to turn around- then Russia attacked. Napoleon left with only 10,000 soldiers
Suez Canal
The seizure of this canal during the 1970s by Egyptian leader Nezer almost led to an international process.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Banned racial discrimination in all places of public accommodation
John Quincy Adams
Secretary of State who played a key role in promoting the goal of gaining the Oregon Territory. He negotiated the Adams-Onis Treaty with Spain which gave the U.S. more of the Oregon Territory. He also worked out an agreement with Britain for joint occupation, leading the British to leave the area. He was key in expanding the nation that much further.
The ______________, referred to was wobblies, were a radical group of people who thought that any change through elections were far too slow. They are responsible for a large number of strikes.
Industrial Workers of the World
Once America declared their independence, what happened to the Iroquois?
they reclaimed their leverage power, instead of it being in-between France and Britain it was not between Britain and America
what was the Weltpolotik?
"world politics" was the interest in imperialism
merchants, large landholders, cities, coastal areas, educated
who were the supporters of the ratification of articles?
Under the theory of mercantilism, a country should...
export more than it imports.
structure to minstrel shows (3 parts)
first- troupe danced on stage and exchanged jokes and songs.
second- variety of entertainment including pun-filled stump speech.
third- slapstick musical plantation skit or send up of a popular play.
What do historians believe to be the reason individualism developed as a key aspect of the italian renaissance?
Plague reduced population so significantly that those left become important. New ideas coming from Ancient Greece and Rome
Who was Hatsheput and what did she do?
Hatshepsut ruled Egypt before Thutmose III who was her stepson. Her main interest was increasing trade and building temples. She sent traders to sail along the coast of east Africa to the land of Punt during her reign. Egyptians traded beads and metal tools for ivory, ebony, monkeys, hunting dogs, leopard skins and incense.
4. What were the similarities between the North and the South at the beginning of the Cvil War?
-blamed others for the break-up of the Union-largely unprepared for the war-would win easily in short war-boasted superiority and scorned each other
what was the philosophy of Malthus and Ricardo.
no help for the poor. more money in wages=more children workers. laissez faire. population control.
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