A3 lesson Plants Flashcards

Terms Definitions
stem
supports the plant
many thin tubes that transport (carry) water, minerals, and food throughout the plant
stoma
tiny holes through which gases enter and exit leaves
describe gymnoperms
cone bearing plants
cones contain naked seed on scales =no fruit
fruit
protects and holds the seeds of the plant
many animals eat these which can help the seeds spread to different areas
vascular plants
have tubes through which water and nutrients are transported
gas exchange in leaves
take in CO2
Give of O2
describe phylum coniferaphyta
great sources of wood and paper
produce male and femaile cones Amber resin from these trees
describe phylum anthrophyta
pollination uses transfer of pollen from anther to stigma then fruit develops from fertilized ovary which protects the seeds
sugar
type of food that plants make in their leaves; glucose
woody stems
hard, thick with a protective layer of bark
ex. trees, shrubs, live many years
describe dicots
two cotyledon, floral parts in four of fives, netlick leaf veins, pollen grain has three pores or furrows,
stems vascualar bundles arranged in a ring, has taproot
Venus Fly Trap
traps insects that land on leaf; when special hairs are touched - triggers stimulus close to leaf; sticky surfaces catch insects
describe phylum cycadophyta= cycads
native to the tropics and grow slowly=long life
neither male nor female and bare cones
describe phylum ginkgophyta
only one species left used as a memory enhancer
roots, then stem, then leaves
water is taken in from the ________, __________, ________
how did plants move onto land?
1) they found a way to prevent water loss 2) they found a way to reproduce without water 3) they had to develop the ability to absorb and trasport nutrients
Turnips
Glycoside
Glucosinolate
antithyroid
Rosa
multiflora
Populus
deltoides
Allium
sp
Sunflower
Mineral
Nitrate
methemoglobin anemia
acute= GI signs, resp signs
chronic= abortion, poor performance
frond
fern leaf
cotyledon
a seed leaf
sporophyte
spore producing stage
Ethylene
Stimulates fruits to ripen.
California Hedge Nettle
Stachys Bullata:
Tax: mint family
Phyll:oposite
Leaf: simple, toothed margins
notes:
leafy square stock
Angiosperms
seeds in a vessel
Auxins
Hormone that stimulates cell elongation, produced in apical meristem
Stamens
Male reproductive structures including anther and filament
Kallanchoe/miracle leaf/ christmas
Glycoside
Cardiac
inhibits Na/K ATPase
Cardiotoxic
types of angiosperms
monocots and dicots
Two types of vascular tissue
Phloem
xylem
pistil
female part of a plants
Venation
arrangement of veins in a leaf
Microspores
Spore produced during meiosis in microsporangium
alkaloid
Potent plant chemicals that contain nitrogen
Lily of the vally
Glycoside
Cardiac
inhibits Na/K ATPase
Cardiotoxic
annual rings represent one.....of the trees growth
year
sclerenchyma
thicker walls and provide mechanical support function
Seed
Contains young plant in protective covering
Auxin
hormone that promotes growth, cell elongation, fruit development
what is a fungi's cellular organization?
Multicellular
Dicots
Flowering plants who have two seed leaves. They generally have two cotyledons, netlike veins, flower parts in multiples of four and five, and ringed vascular tissue.
Thigmotropism
plant's growth response to touching a solid object
petal
the often colorful structure on a flower that is usually involved in a ttracting pollinators
lignin
A hard material that supports the vascular system
Cortex
in plants, the primary tissues located in the epidermis; in animals the outermost portion of an organ.
Glandular Hairs
(Leaf Surface Features) Enlarged gland or secretary structure at the apex of the hair.
fertilization
when pollen is transferred from the stamen to the eggs inside the ovary
cones (club mosses)
clusters of non-green spore-bearing leaves
vascular tissue
the internal transporting tissue in some plants that is made up of tubelike structures
Three facts about plants:
1) autotrophic eukaryotes
2) decendants of green algae
3) can live in water or on land
Angiosperm
a flowering plant, which forms seeds inside a protective chamber called an ovary
cuticle
Waxy, protective layer that covers the stems, leaves, and flowers of many plants.
Rhizoid
in fungi, a rootlike hypha that penetrates the surface of an object; in mosses, a long, thin cell that anchors the moss to the ground and absorbs water and minerals from the surrounding soil
germination
the beginning of the development of a seed
ethnobotany
The study of how people in different cultures use plants
Seed Plant
a plant that produces seedsFlower - the reproductive system of a flowering plant that usually consists of a pistil, stamens, petals, and sepals.
What led to the age of exploration?
Constantinople falling.
dicot leaves
usually wide with veins that branch off from one another
photosynthesis
the process in which plants use energy from the sun to make their own food
FIBROUS
root system made up of many thin branched roots
Spongy Mesophyll
layer below the palisade meso; area of gas & H2O exchange
Regeneration
When a plant has part of it severed, and that severed part becomes a new plant
Real champagne is made by ______?
fermentation in the bottle
What herb Tx a depressed patient and diabetes
Ren Shen
Gametophyte stage
Haploid cell that can divide to form plant structures, an entire new plant, or develope into sex cells.
Maple
growing to 10 - 45 metres (30 - 145 ft) in height. They have four or five sepals, four or five petals about 1 - 6 mm long (absent in some species), four to ten stamens about 6 - 10 mm long, and two pistils or a pistil with two styles.
What influenced the chinese, arab, and western traditions of medicinal plants?
Ayurvedic Medicine and principles
Fibrous root
Roots branch to such an extent that no single root grows larger than the rest
What is the structure of a seed?
1) Embryo
2) Stored food
3) Cotyledons
4) Seed coat "skin"
How does Gui Zhi release a pathogen out from the exterior
pushes out with the sweat
What is germination? What is the result?
1) Occurs when embryo grows again
2) Push out of seed coat
3) Must absorb water
4) Roots grow down and stems and leaves grow up
5) Becomes a seedling-plant where leaves are present
What are seeds and what do they do?
1) Partially developed plant in every seed
2) They protect the young plant from drying out
3) If it lands in a favorable condition, it can sprout and grow
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