ABA 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
The change acceleration or deceleration) in rate of responding over time
Amanda, a typically developing two-year-old girl, has a father who is in the Marines. The last time her father was home, he was in uniform. Now, every time she sees a man in uniform, she says, "Daddy!" This is an example of:
Stimulus generalization
The process of assigning numbers and units to particular features of objects or events
The extent to which the researcher convinces herself and others that the data are trustworthy and deserve interpretation. Measures of interobserver agreement (IOA) are the most often used index of believability in applied behavior analysis.
Any procedure used to evaluate the accuracy of a measurement system and, when sources of error are found, to use that information to correct to improve the measurement system
This type of motivating operation makes something else effective as a reinforcer because of its relation or association with an unconditioned reinforcer.
Transitive CMO
Stimulus equivalence:
Provides a methodology for efficient teaching-expanding learners' skills far beyond what is directly taught.
Resistance to extinction is greater when carried out under:
High motivation
A simple tally of occurrences of a behav
Partial-interval recording
A time sampling method for measuring behavior in which the observation period is divided into a series of brief time intervals
A physical form or shape of a behavior
Reliability (of measurement)
Refers to the consistency of measurement, specifically, the extent to which repeated measurement of the same event yields the same values.
Measurement bias
Nonrandom measurement error; a form of inaccurate measurement in which the data consistently overestimate or underestimate the true value of an event
Discontinuous Measurement
Measurement conducted in a manner such that some instances of the response class(es) of interest may not be detected
The term _________ has been suggested to replace the term establishing operation (EO).
Motivating operation
Celeration trend line
Measured as a factor by which multiplies or divides across the celebration time period
Temporal locas
Refers to the fact that every instance of behavior occurs at a certain point in time with respect to other events
Exact count-per-interval IOA
The percentage of total intervals in which two observers recorded the same count; the most stringent description of IPA for most data sets obtained by event recording.
Naïve observer
An observer who is unaware of the study’s purpose and or the experimental conditions in effect during a given phase or observation period. Data obtained by a naïve observer are less likely to be influenced by observers are less likely to be influenced by observers’ expectations.
Motivating operations and discriminative stimuli:
Have similar evocative effects on behavior
Sean was responsible for designing an intervention for a fifth grade student who engaged in severe problem behavior consisting of throwing chairs at the teacher when an assignment was given. Sean decided to utilize a contingent physical restraint every ti
Least restrictive alternative
Which of the following is not a factor that influences the effectiveness of punishment listed in the chapter?
Celeration time period
A time (per week or month) that celebration is plotted on a celebration chart
Total duration IOA
A relevant index of IOA for total duration measurement; computed by dividing the shorter of the two durations reported by the observers by the longer duration and multiplying
Measurement by permanent product
A method of measuring a behavior after is occurs by recording the effects that the behavior produced on the environment
Stimulus generalization is more likely to occur:
When stimuli share more similar properties than when stimuli are very different from one another.
Which of the following statements describes the definition of negative punishment?
The removal of a stimulus that decreases the rate of occurrence of the target behavior
Which of the following statements is true?
The first two statements are true.When a dog has been trained to salivate when a bell rings by repeatedly pairing meat powder and a bell, this is an example of stimulus control.When an individual has been trained to say the word "red" when he is shown a card that says RED (but not when he has been shown a card that says GREEN), this is an example of stimulus control.
Rahul keeps forgetting to push the Total button on the cash register at his place of employment. His job coach wants to insert a prompt to help him remember to total customers' orders. She wants to use a stimulus prompt. Which of the following is an examp
The job coach places a bright pink sticker on the total button.
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