ABA 4 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
What is the probability of reinforcement when utilizing an extinction procedure?
A measurement of the number of responses or practice opportunities needed for a person to achieve a pre-established level of accuracy/proficiency
A ratio of count per observation time
Mean-count-per-interval IOA
The average percentage of agreement between the counts reported by two observers in a measurement period comprised of a series of smaller counting times; a more conservative measure of IOA than total count IOA
_________ alters the effectiveness of some object or event as a reinforcer and the current frequency of all behavior that has been reinforced by that stimulus, object, or event.
Establish operation
This type of motivating operation alters a relation to itself by acquiring MO effectiveness by preceding a worsening or improvement.
Reflexive CMO
An immediate increase in frequency and/or amplitude of the response after the removal of the maintaining reinforcer is called
Extinction Burst
Continued responding during the extinction process is known as:
Resistance to extinction
Expressed as a number of parts per 100
The force or intensity with which a response is emitted
Whole-interval recording
A time sampling method for measuring behavior in which the observation period is divided into a series of brief time intervals
Un-scored interval IOA
An interobserver agreement index based only on the intervals in which either observer recorded the nonoccurrence of the behavior; calculated by dividing the number of intervals in which the two observers agreed that the behavior did not occur by the number of intervals in which either or both observers recorded the nonoccurrence of the behavior and multiplying by 100. Unscored0interval IOA is recommended as a measure of agreement for behaviors that occur at high rates because it ignores the intervals in which agreement by chance is highly likely.
Interval-by-interval IOA
An index of the agreement between observers for data obtained by interval recording or time sampling measurement; calculated for a given session or measurement period by comparing the two observers; recordings of the occurrence or nonoccurrence of the behavior in each observation interval and dividing the number of intervals of agreement by the total number of intervals and multiplying by 100. Also called the point by point interval IOA.
Continuous Measurement
Measurement conducted in a manner such that all instances of the response class(es) of interest are detected during the observation period
_________ is (are) related to the differential reinforcing effectiveness of a particular type of environmental event.
Motivating operations
What form of extinction is used when the reinforcer (or reinforcers) maintaining a behavior is withheld?
_________ control(s) a type of behavior because it has been related to the differential availability or an effective reinforcer for that type of behavior.
Discriminative stimulus (SD)
Punishment should be thought of as an "eye-for-an-eye" procedure. T or F
Planned activity check
A variation of momentary time sampling in which the observer records whether each person in a group is engaged in the target
Free operant
Any operant behavior that results in a minimal displacement of the participant in time and space
Interresponse time (IRT)
The elapsed time between 2 successive responses
Trail-by-trial IOA
An IOA index for discrete trial data based on comparing the observers’ counts (0 or 1) on a trial by-trial, or item-by-item, basis; yields a more conservative and meaningful index of IOA for discrete trial data than does total count IOA.
Observer drift
Any unintended change in the way an observer uses the measurement system over the course of an investigation that results in measurement error; often entails a shift in the observer’s interpretation of the original definitions of the target behavior subsequent to being trained.
Observer reactivity
Influence on the data reported by an observer that results from the observer’s awareness that others are evaluating the data he reports
This type of motivating operation has value-altering effects that are not learned.
Unconditioned motivating operations
Which statement best describes recovery from punishment?
After punishment is discontinued, sometimes the behavior that experienced the punishment contingency will recover.
The effect that can produce either an increase or decrease in the current frequency of behavior that has been reinforced by some stimulus, object, or event is the:
Behavior-altering effect
Interobserver agreement (IOA)
The degree to which two or more independent observers report the same observed values after measuring the same events
Stimulus discrimination is acquired by:
Reinforcing responses in the presence of the discriminative stimulus and withholding reinforcement in the presence of the stimulus deltas.
When a group of stimuli all evoke the same response (for example, when one sees a picture of a Border collie, a Doberman pinscher, and a Labrador retriever, one says "that's a dog"), the group of stimuli is referred to as:
A stimulus class
Motivating operations (MOs) and SDs are both
Antecedent variables that alter the current frequency of some behavior
The difference between a response prompt and a stimulus prompt is:
A response prompt operates directly on the response, while a stimulus prompt operates on the antecedent task stimuli.
Which of the following illustrates an example of stimulus control?
Joe hits his teacher every time and only when she asks him to wash his hands.
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