Abnormal Psy Exam Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Psychotic Disorders
SchizophreniaSchizophreniformSchizoaffectiveDelusionalBrief PsychoticShared Psychotic
Prodromal Phrase
Schizophenia: going downhill
Compulsions
repetitive, clearly excessive behaviors or mental acts that person feels driven to perform to reduce the anxiety caused by obsessive thoughts.
Despite popular misconceptions, most people with psychological are not:
Dangerous
Obsessive-Complusive PD
Preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, and control. At least 4 symptoms, prevalence 1%, twice as often in males
General Principles that explain the underlying causes or nature of abnormal behavior are called:
nomothetic
“Drug dependence may develop because one finds drug use rewarding when it reduces tension.” Which view of substance abuse would applaud this statement most enthusiastically?
behavioral
Undifferentiated
Schizophrenia: in active stage; don't fit into a subtype
Anxiety
Apprehension about a future threat. Increase preparedness. Physiological arousal. Most common- 28%
The most legitimate criticism of intelligence tests concerns their?
Cultural Fairness
One procedure used to treat phobic disorders involves having the therapist confront the feared object or situation while the fearful client observes. This is called:
modeling
According to the chart in your textbook, teenagers say that the drug easiest for them to obtain is:
alcohol.
Schizotypal PD
Social anxiety, paranoid fears, and eccentric behavior, perceptions, and thoughts. Prevalence about 3%, more common in males.
Substance Abuse
Maladaptive pattern of substance use that leads to significant impairment or distress and that involves one or more of the following in a 12-month period. Prevalence 13.2%, 3.1%
Social Phobia
Related to social situation only. Persistent intense fear of social situations like unfamiliar people or social scruntity. Exposure triggers to intense anxiety. Recognize fear unrealistic.
Specific Phobia
Unwarranted excessive fear of a specific object or situation. Exposure triggers intense anxiety but you recognize fear is unrealistic. high comorbidity (cluster around a few fears)
If a clinician focused on where you placed your drawing on the page, the size of the drawing and the parts you omitted, you most likely took which of the following tests?
Draw-a-Person
The model of abnormality that examines the effects of society and culture is the?
Socialcultural Model
Pairing the thought of feared objects and relaxation training is:
systematic desensitization.
What is the most common outcome for individuals with anorexia nervosa?
recovery
The important contribution to the treatment of eating disorders made by Hilde Bruch combines which theoretical frameworks?
psychodynamic and cognitive
Dependent PD
Pervasive, excessive need to be cared for, leading to submissiveness, clinging behavior, and fears of separation. At least 5 symptoms, prevalence 2-4%, more common in females.
OCD (cog. risk factors)
» Yadasentience Deficit– Subjective feeling of completion Knowing that you have thought or cleaned enough» Attempts to suppress intrusive thoughts– Trying to suppress thoughts may make matters worse(also true for PTSD and dissociation)
A person who constantly feels upset and nervous, so much so that it interferes with work is experiencing a(n):
generalized anxiety disorder.
A case study of a patient includes a history, tests, and interviews with associates. A clear picture is constructed of this individual so that her behavior is understood, this approach is?
experimental
In therapy, a patient is taught to visualize sexual scenes and uncover any negative emotions that occur. This patient is being treated using:
affectual awareness.
Substance Dependence
Maladaptive pattern that leads to 3 or more symptoms in a 12-month period. Prevalence 5.4%, 1.3%
PTSD (social risk factor)
nature and severity of trauma important.
Specific social phobia
Only fearful of specific sit like being around a group of ten or more people
R.D. Lange said "insanity a perfectly rational adjustment to an insane world." This statement illustrates:
that abnormality is situational
A new assessment tool does a good job differtiating those who later will be depressed and those who will not be depressed and it produces results similar to those of other tools measuring depression. Therefor the new assessment tool has good?
Predictive Validity
Combordity of anxiety disorders
3/4 of those with anxiety disorder meet criteria for another disorder- 60% being major depression. substance abuse, personality disorder (avoidant, dependent, histrionic)
family history method
samples observed of each index case to see where incidence increases with degree of hereditary relationship; also compared with incidence in normal pop with relative among index cases
One limitation of the sociocultural approach to understanding generalized anxiety disorders is that it cannot explain:
why everyone who experiences danger doesn't experience generalized anxiety.
One of the assumptions of a functional analysis is that?
Abnormal behaviors are learned.
Vomiting as a compensatory behavior for those experiencing bulimia:
ironically, leads to greater hunger and more frequent binges.
Panic disorder & Agoraphobia (Psy Treatment)
-Panic Disorder Control Therapy: (PCT) exposure to somatic sensations (heart rate)associated w/ panic attack in a safe setting and use of coping strategies (deep breathing) to control symptoms.- cognitive Beh. Therapy (CBT): increase patients awareness of thoughts that make physical sensations threatening and patient learns to challenge and change maldaptive beliefs.
Panic, anxiety and depression were common among those who lived in New Orleans during Hurricane Katrina. Why were there behaviors NOT considered deviant?
These behaviors were the result of circumstances.
The chief danger of LSD use is:
the possibility of very powerful, sometimes negative, reactions.
GAD (cognitive risk factors - borkovec's cog. model)
- Worry to cope and distract themselves- Worry reinforcing; distracts from negative emotions & images» Allows avoidance of more disturbing emotions (previous trauma)» Avoidance prevents extinction of underlying anxiety» Less able to identify their own negative feelings
Which of the following statements is true?
People with bulimia nervosa run the risk of becoming both anorexic and obese.
The initial problem in studying the effectivness of psychotherapy?
Defining what it means for a treatment to be successful
3 categories of PTSD: 2. Avoidance of stimuli
refusal to be in presence of location or reminders or traumatic event. ex) refuse to walk down street the rape occurred. numbing, decreased interest in others, distant or estranged from others, unable to experience positive emotions
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Term:
Definition:
Definition:

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