Abnormal_Psych COMPS Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Odd/Eccentric Personality Disorders
schizoid
paranoid personality disorder
feel persecuted
Antisocial
Manipulative, reckless, dishonest, impulsive, habitually breaks social rules
Schizophrenia
A psychosis characterized by delusions, hallucinations, apathy, and a "split" between thought and emotion.
Abnormality
behavior is atypical, disturbing, maladaptive, unjustifiable
conversion disorder
somatoform disorder; paralysis, blindness, deafness, or other loss of sensation with no discernible physical cause
sadism
sexually aroused by inflicting pain
Personality disorder
long-standing, inflexible and non-adaptive personality traits that impair social or occupational functioning or cause intense distress
Catatonic Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia marked by stupor, rigidy, unresponsiveness, posturing, mutism, and, sometimes, agitated, purposeless behavior.
Mania
Excessive excitement or enthusiasm or crazieness.
Abnormal Behavior: Biomedical
organic problems, biochemical imbalances, genetic predispositions
Personality Disorders
well-established, maladaptive ways of behaving that negatively affect people's ability to function
Paranoid
Tense, guarded, suspicious, tends to hold grudges and believes that others are untrustworthy
personality disorder symptoms
persistent pattern of maladaptive/inflexible traits in personality
Simple Phobia
Any phobia (other than agoraphobia) associated with relativekt simple well-defined stimuli.
DSM-IV Dimensions
1. Clinical Disorders 2. Personality Disorders and Mental Retardation 3. Relevant medical conditions 4. Psychosocial or environmental stress 5. Clinician's judgment of client's functioning level
dysthymic disorder
mood disorder; like major depressive disorder but lasting longer than two years and generally less intense
axis V
global assessment of functioning; GAF; overall functioning between 1-100, 100 being the highest functioning
Dysthymia
Major depression for at least 2 years
abnormal beh. causes-behavioral
maladaptive behaviors learned from inappropriate rewards and punishment
developmental disorder types
ADHD, infantile autism, anorexia, bulemia
Somatoform Disorder
The presence of physical symptoms that mimic disease or injury for which there is no identifiable physical cause.
Delusional Control
A delusion that one's actions or thoughts are being controlled by an external agent.
Symptom
A sign that something may be medically wrong.
Mood Disorder
A major disturbance in mood or emotion, such as depression or mania.
Schizophrenia: Dopamine Hypothesis
high levels of dopamine = schizophrenia
- when dopamine blockers are given to schizophrenics, symptoms decrease
- when dopamine is given to Parkinsonian patients, schizophrenic symptoms result
Mood Disorders: Cognitive
- unreasonably negative views of oneself, world, and future (Aaron Beck's cognitive triad)
- kinds of attributions or explanations of causes (you fail a test because you didn't study, you're stupid, your teacher); internal or external, specific or global, stable or unstable, causes
- usually make internal, global, stable attributions for bad things
- opposite for good things
dissociative disorder symptoms
sudden lost of memory (amnesia)/change in identity
Multiple Personality Disorder
A form of dissociative disorder in which a person developes two or more distinct personalities.
Dissociative Disorder: Behaviorist
people who experience trauma find not thinking about it rewarding leading to amnesia or later DID
Word salad
Ideas shift from one topic to another in ways that appear unrelated
Delusion of Persecution
A delusion in which one is being persecuted or conspired against, characteristic of paranoid schizophrenia.
dependent personality disorder
rely too much on the help and attention of others
diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders
DSM-IV-TR most recent, used in diagnosis; use many factors
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