Abnormal Psychology 13 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Socio-Cultural Causes
Product of society
hypochondriasis
somatoform disorder; exaggerated concern about health and illness
Obsession
Recurring irrational or disturbing thoughts or mental images a person cannot prevent.
Cognitive Causes
Irrational and illogical thinking
Anxiety disorders
common symptom of anxiety
Dissociative Disorders
disruption in conscious process
Clang associations
Forming associations by rhyming
Agoraphobia
People fear that something extremely embarrassing will happen to them if they leave the house or enter unfamiliar situations.
Tourette's Syndrome
A neurological disorder characterized by tics, involuntary, rapid, sudden movements or vocalizations that occur repeatedly in the same way.
Humanism Causes
Social standards cause poor self-esteem
axis I
clinical disorders; major diagnosis (clinical depression, paranoid schizophrenia, etc.)
masochism
sexually aroused by having pain inflicted on them
hallucinations
perceptions in the absence of stimuli
Disorganized (schizophrenia)
Unusual verbal associations- symptoms occur in adolescence
Tardive dyskinesia
Slow, involuntary and uncontrollable movement- unusual facial and limb movement
personality disorder types
odd/eccentric (incl. paranoid, schizoid, schizotypal), dramatic/emotionally problematic (histrionic, narcissistic, borderline, antisocial), chronic fearfulness/avoidant (avoidant, dependent, obsessive-compulsive)
Grave's Disease
Is an autoimmune disorder that involves overactivity of the thyroid gland (Hyperthyroidism).
Malingering
To feign illness or other incapacity in order to avoid duty or work.
Prognosis
Forecasts the probable course of a disorder
bipolar depression
mood disorder; depressed states and manic states with high energy and risky behavior and anxiousness
insane
cannot be held accountable for actions because of a psychological disorder
Mood of Affective Disorders
extreme or inappropriate emotions
psychogenic amnesia
dissociative disorder; a person cannot remember things and no physiological basis for the disruption can be identified
Paranoid (schizophrenia)
Delusions of grandeur or persecution- latest age of onset
schizophrenia symptoms
psychosis (lack of touch with reality), delusions (erroneous beliefs maintained in face of evidence to the contrary), hallucinations (false sensory perceptions)
abnormal beh. causes-psychoanalytic
unresolved internal conflict in unconscious mind
Neurosis
An outdated term once used to refer, as a group, to anxiety disorders, somatoform disorders, dissociative disordersm and some forms of depression,
Medical Model
Views abnormal behavior as a disease; assumes that mental illnesses can be diagnosed and/or cured on the basis of their symptoms
seasonal affective disorder
mood disorder; depression during times of the year with less light; treated with light therapy
Anxiety Disorder: Behaviorist
anxiety is learned through classical or operant conditioning or cognitive learning; a little boy loses his family on the Statue of Liberty and associates fear with heights
disorganized schizophrenia
odd uses of language
- neologism: make up words
- clang association: string of nonsense words that rhyme
- inappropriate affect: laugh in response to a death
- flat affect: no emotional responses
Major depression
Depressed mood or loss of pleasure, and at least 4 other symptoms during the same 2 week period
Munchausen's Syndrome By Proxy
A psychiatric disorder where patients pretend to have illnesses, and therefore are subjected to many medial tests and surgical procedures.
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
A common virus of the herpes virus family, usually harmless or causing mild colds but capable of producing severe systemic damage.
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV)
The big book of disorders.
dissociative identity disorder (DID)
dissociative disorder; two or more distinct personality systems in the same individual
mood disorder symptoms
primary disturbance in affect or mood that colors entire emotional state
Lithium Carbonate
A drug used to lessen mood swings in people suffereing from some types of affective disorders.
Delayed Traumatic Stress Syndrome
A type of anxiety disorder that is triggered by an extremely traumatic event, you don't feel the stress right away.
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