Acids and Base 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
HI
strong
RNH2
WB
Ammonia
NH3
strong base
KOH
HCN
Weak acid
sour taste
acid
NaOH
sodium hydroxide
acid
reacts with metals
Nitric Acid
Strong Acid
H3PO4
Phosphoric acid, weak
Strontium Hydroxide
Sr(OH)2 (strong)
tincture
an alcohol based solution
Ite
Ous. Drop the hydrogen.
Lewis acid
electron PAIR acceptor
Bronsted acid
is a proton donor
H3O
What Acids produce in water
indicator
a particle that reversible changes color depends on the PH
phenolphthalein
common indicator turns purple with excess OH- ions
change
bases...the color of red litmus paper
End Point:
when reactants dissapear, only products left
Hydrogen
In Bronsted- Lowry, what does acid have to have at least one of?
amphoteric
having characteristics of both an acid and a base and capable of reacting as either
molarity indicates the _____________, not the __________
concentration (not strength)
What is Respiratory Acidosis?
(hypoventilation)
-Rate of alveolar ventilation falls behind CO2 production
-Causes: pneumonia, emphysema
What is the formula for Sodium Carbonate?
Na2CO3
Base
any compound having a bittertaste, can form hydroxide ions (OH+) in solution and capable of turning red litmus paper blue
Left
with weak bases, equilibrium shifts to the _____
arrhenius acid
a chemical compound that increases the concentration of hydrogen ions in aqueous solution
salts are formed from the __________ of the base and the __________ of the acid
cation, anion
salt
an ionic compound composed of a cation from a base and an anion from an acid
corrosive
Acids are __?__ which means that they "eat away" at other materials
Arrhenius base
increases [OH-] in aq solution, e.g. NaOH (+HOH)
strong acid
an acid with a low PH (0-4)
false
true of false? a weak acid donates readily
weak acid
an acid that is only slightly ionized in aqueous solution
the ability of the base to dissociate 100% in water to produce 100% hydroxide ions (OH⁻) with virtually no molecular form of the base present in the base/water (aqueous) solution
strong (base)
hydronium ions
ions which form when an acid dissolves in water and hydrogen ions interact with water
chemical reaction
A change in which one or more substances are converted into different substances
H with a positive charge
What is transferred between a acid-conjugate base or a base-conjugate acid?
pH scale
shows how acidic or basic a acid or base is
Hydrochloric acid
An example of a very strong acid with a pH of 1.
conjugate acid
an acid that forms when a base gains a proton
What happens when an acid reacts with Alkali?
Neutralization occurs as well as creation of Metal salt
neutral acid or base
A solution that has a pH of 7 and is both an acid and a base.
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Term:
Definition:
Definition:

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