Acids and Bases 16 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
HC9H7O4
Aspirin
Al(OH)3
base
Morphine Sulfate
WB/SA
(CH3)2NH
weak base
nitrous acid
HNO₂
CO321
Weak Base
CsOH
strong base
Strong Base
KOH
KOH
strong base
HClO3
chloric acid
N(CH3)3
weak base
pH Scale
...
phosphoric acid formula
H3PO4
Bronsted-Lowry acid
proton donor
find POH
14- pH
NaOH
base- sodium hydroxide
HCl
Hydrochloric acid (stomach acid)
Lewis base
electron pair donator
acids taste...
sour and sharp
Conjugate acid of OH-
H₂O
NaH(CO3)
Name: Sodium bicarbonate
Formula: _____________
have Torsseauds? Need more______>
Magnesium
OH-
bases produce____ in aqueous solutions
salts
product when acids cancel bases
heartburn
too much H+ in stomach
drugs that depress respirations
RESPIRATORY ACIDOSIS
ACUTE
-log(H)
pH in regard to log is
polyprotic acid
more than 1 ionizable hydrogen
Salt
a compound formed by replacing hydrogen in an acid by a metal (or a radical that acts like a metal)
Neutral solutions have a pH of
7
strong acids list
HCl(hydrocloric), HNO3(nitric),(xtra - percloricHCLO4, hydrobromicHBr)
titration
a process of controlled acid-base neutralization, carried out in burets.
Buffers
Solutions that can absorb extra H3O+ or OH- ions without changing the pH.
neutralization
--->reaction of an acid with a base--->salty taste
bitter taste (chalky)
slippery feel
changes color
properties of bases are
Red
Litmus changes to _____ when reacted with an acid
indicator
substance used to detect the presence of an acid or a base; acids and bases cause indicators to change colors
What is the most common amphoteric substance?
water
color change in indicator usually coinciding with the end point.
End point
triprotic acids
Acids that contain 3 ionizable hydrogens (H3PO4)
Strong bases
NaOH, KOH, Ca(OH)2, Ba(OH)2, Sr(OH)2, LiOH
How are pKa and pKb related?
pKa+pKb= pKw
alkaline
a solution in which a base has completely dissociated in water to yield aqueous OH- ions
Alkali + Ammonium Salt
Ammonia + Water + Salt
acid dissociation constant
An equilibrium expression used to measure weak-acid strength, given by the ratio of the product of the products' molar concentrations to the product of the reactants' molar concentrations, with each term raised to the power of its stoichiometric coefficient. Denoted Ka.
Equivalent
the amount of acid required to provide one mole of hydrogen ions in a reaction.
Standard Solution
WHat is the solution of known concentraction called?
Bronsted Lowry Acid
substance that can donate a proton
Universal indicator
An indicator with a different colour for each pH value.
Which of the following is a diprotic acid
H2SO4
strong acids
HI, HBr, HCl, HNO3, HClO4, HClO3, H2SO4
equivalent weight
mass of a compound that produces one equivalent (1 mole of charge)
strong acids (7)
HCl, HI, H2SO4, HClO4, HBr, HNO3, HClO3
monoprotic acid
an acid that can donate one hydrogen ion per molecule
Neutralization Reaction
reaction between an acid and a base that produces water and a type of salt (double-replacement reaction)
molarity
number of moles of solute per liter of solution
what is the range on the Ph scale that is a mild acid
4-6
a way of measuring the acidity of a solution that is based on a logarithmic scale
pH scale
hydronium ion
the positive ion formed when a when a water molecule gains a hydrogen ion
ion-product constant (Kw)
The ___ is the product of the molar concentrations of H⁺ and OH⁻ ions at a particular temperature
acid
a ___ is a compound or ion that is a proton donor
What are neuro manifestations of FVE?
confusion, seizures ( from increased ICP and decreased Na)
What are neuro manifestations of FVD?
decreased lov , restless, dissy from low circulating blood vol. and confusion.
what does it mean if an acid or base is polyvalent?
each mol ofacid/base equivalent liberates more than one mol of acid/base H/OH
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