Acids and Bases 17 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
1.0*10^(-14)
[H+][OH-]
Neutral
7
HNO3
Nitric Acid
H3PO4
weak acid
hydrosulfuric acid
H₂S
H2SO4
Strong Acid
Strong Base
Ba(OH)2
HC2H3O2
weak acid
HClO2
chlorous acid
HI
strong acid
hyperventilation causes?
alkalosis
Nitric acid formula
HNO3
corrosive
strong acids are
CH3NH2
weak base- methylamine
R--COOH (Carboxylic xxxx)
weak acid
fertilizer
use of nitric acid
pH
indicates the hydrogen-ion concentration, or acidity, of a solution
Formula for Calcium hydroxide
Ca(OH)₂
NH4OH
Name: Ammonium hydroxide
Formula: _____________
Weak base
does not ionize completely
base
produces OH- ions in solution
Metals + bases ->
No RXN
ions
charged particles; sometimes yielded by a reaction; HCl->H+ + Cl-
aryway obstruction (asthma, COPD)
RESPIRATORY ACIDOSIS
ACUTE
[H+] = in terms of pH
[10^-pH]
BL base (Bronsted Lowry base)
Proton acceptor.
ionization
happens when a covalent molecule separates into ions
___ bases dissociate completely into metal ions and hydroxide ions in aqueous solution
strong
Strong Acids
Completely ionized in aqueous solution
weaker
the arrow points towards the (blank) side
sour
color
an acidic solution tastes _______ and can change ________ of certain compounds.
Hydrogen
Acid + Metal = Salt + ?
Sulfuric acid is a ...
dehydration (water-removing) compoud
greater than
bases have a pH ____________ 7
Danish chemist who developed the concept of pH, a scale for measuring acidity and basicity.
Soren Sorenson
weak acids
ionize only slightly in aqueous solutions
Equivalence Point
The stoichiometric endpoint of the reaction at which neutralization is complete.
Properties of Alkalis
- Slippery- Hazardous> Caustic alkalis- Change colors of indicators- React with acids- React with ammonium compounds> Produces ammonia gas- React with solution of metal ions> Precipitation reaction, used to identify metal ions
amphoteric
compounds that can act as acids or bases
Arrhenius acid
a chemical compound that increases the concentration of hydrogen ions
Carbonate + Acid
Salt + Water + Carbon Dioxide
triprotic acid
an acid that has three ionizable protons per molecule, such as phosphoric acid
prefix-hydro suffix-ic
Naming rules.....If the anion ends in -ide the name of the acids gets........
Strong Acid
An acid that completely dissociates to produce H+ ions in solution; contains a relatively weak conjugate base one that has a low attraction for protons
Conjugate Acid
The species produced when a base accepts a hydrogen ion from an acid.
neutral solutions
not acidic or basic, contain both hydrogena dn hydroxide ions
Bronsted and Lowry acids
anything that donates a proton
substance that is one color in an acid and another color in a base
indicatior
Arrhenius (theory)
(Refers to acids and bases in an) aqueous solution.
binary compound
say hydro- and change anion ending to -ic then say acid
Acids react with _________ to produce _________.
metal, H₂ gas
Conjugate acid-base pair
two substances related to each other by the donating and accepting of a ingle proton
pure water has a ph of?
which makes it basic, acidic or neutral
7
neutral
Conjugate Base
the particle that remains when an acid has donated a hydrogen ion
what is the range on the Ph scale that makes a solution newtral
7
Arrhenius acids and bases react together to form..
salt and water (neutralization reaction)
pH paper, computer pH probe
Some examples of quantitative tests are: _____ and ______.
base dissociation constant
the ratios of the concentration of the dissociated form of a base to the dissociated form
Have a bitter taste, Feel slippery, Reacts with red litmus paper to turn blue.
What are properties of bases?
autoionization of water
H2O + H2O --> H3O+ + OH-, equilibrium constant Kw
If you are using K in a peripheral line what do you use with it?
Lidocane for the pain.
what is the gram equivalent?
how many grams will release 1 mol of H or OH? so iwth H2SO4 it would be half a mol of H22SO4
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