Acids and Bases Quiz Flashcards

Terms Definitions
water
H2O
ClO2-
chlorite
H3PO4
Phosphoric Acid
SrO
strong base
carbonic acid
H2CO3
KOH
Strong Base
Sodium hydroxide
NaOH
acidic;neutral;basic
pH 1;7;14
LiOH
strong base
HI
strong acid
Sr(OH)2
strong base
Base
ends with OH
Ka
Acid dissociation constant
Ba(OH)2
Strong Base (OH-)
Acid
Compound below 7
Lewis Acid
Electron pair acceptor
deodorants
use of aluminum hydroxide
Strong acids/Strong bases
Completely dissociate.
Conjugate base of H₂SO₄
HSO₄⁻
acids turn blue litmus paper...
red
standard solution
solution of known concentration
pOH of 0.1 M NaOH
1
Acetic Acid Formula
HC2H3O2 Ex: Vinegar
CH3COOH (acedic acid)
HCN (hydrocyanic acid)
hydrolysis
reverse rxn of neutralization. salt ions react with water to form acid or base.
BL acid (Bronsted Lowry acid)
Proton donor.
A solution with a pOH >7
acidic
neutralization reaction
process of making something neutral
acid + base = water + salt
Supersaturated
more dissolved solute then predicted by dissolved solute than is predicted by its solubility at the given temp.
Strong Base
A base that dissociates completely into ions in solution.
If [OH] = 10^-x, then pOH =
x
Strong acids(totallly dissociate)strong electrolytes
HCL Hydrochloric acid
HNO_3_ nitric acid
H_2_SO_4_ sulfuric acid
HCLO_4_ Perchloric acid
HBr hydrobromic acid
HI hydroiodicacid
weak acids
ionize only slightly in aqueous solution (small K values)
Acids that react with metals produce...
hydrogen gas
Acids
They: Taste sour, react with metals, turn litmus paper red, feel like water, more H+ than OH- ions, have high conductivity of water
pH
Developed for the beer industry by Soren Sorenson.
strontium hydroxide
Sr(OH)2 strong base
Hydrofluoric acid uses
computer chips, etch or dissolve glass
Salt
an ionic compound composd of a cation from a base and an anion from an acid
Indictator
A compound that changes color when in contact with an acid or a base.
synthesis reaction
a chemical reaction in which smaller element or molecules combine to form a third, larger and more complex molecule.
Equivalence point
the point during the titration where just enough titrant in moles has been added to completely neutralize the acid or base.
Organic acid
An acid with a carbon-atom backbone and a carboxyl group
Identify acids by
sour taste, reaction with metals, reaction with bases
Phenolphthalein Solution
A colorless liquid in any aqueous solution of which the pH is less then 9. In solution's for which the pH is greater than 9, the liquid imparts a red or pink color to the solution.
acid dissociation constant
Ka, equilibrium constant for acid dissociating in water, = [H+][A-]/[HA]
straight, branched, polygonal
The three types of carbon backbones are
Which salt when dissolved up in water will have a basic pH?
(A) NH₄ClO₄
(B) KBr
(C) NaCl
(D) Na₂SO₃
(D) Na₂SO₃
indicator paper
a strip of paper coated with a combination of acid-base indicators
hydrochloric acid (HCl)
the cells that line your stomach produce _____________________________
Conjugate Acid
the particle formed when a base gains a hydrogen ion
Each unit of pH scale represents...
a tenfold change in activity
amphoteric
substance that can act an an acid or a base
bronsted acid
a molecule or ion that is a proton donor
a molecule or ion that is a proton donor
bronsted lowry acid
A salt consists of an ____ of an acid and a ____ of a base
anion, cation
What kind of acid base imbalance ca insulin be used to treat?
Diabetic ketoacidosis (metabolic acidosis).
What kind of acid base imbalance could anxiety cause?
Respiratory alkalosis, because person hyperventilates and blows off CO2.
What is the pH scale used for?
Measure the strength of an acid or base
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Term:
Definition:
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