ACT Science Vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Chlorine
Cl
hypo
below, under
invertebrate
animals without backbones
vomit must have
suction unit
electromagnetic spectrum
arrangement of electromagnetic radiation- including radio waves , visible light from the sun, gamma ways, X rays, ultraviolet waves, infrared waves, and mircowaves- according to their wavelengths.
soil structure
arrangement of soil particles
tangent
in immediate physical contact; touching.
axis
imaginary vertical line that cuts through the center of Earth and around which it spins
convergent, divergent, transform
types of plate boundaries
autograft
bone fragments from the patient’s own body which requires two surgical procedures, longer hospitalization, long recovery time, pain/discomfort, risk of infection and limited availability
Solids
Crystalline in structure, 7 diff. shapes, repeating patterns (3-d)
chemical bond
something that binds, fastens, confines, or holds together.
contraction
an act or instance of contracting.
Great Red Spot
a giant, high-pressure continuous storm on Jupiter
Rotation
spinning of Earth on its imaginary axis, which takes about 24 hours to complete, and cause day and night to occur
reflecting telescope
an optical magnifying instrument that uses a concave mirror in the base of the telescope to focus light from an object and form an image at the focal point
Eye
Best tool for an astronomer to use?
bog
a wetland where sphognum moss growns on top of acidic water
respiration
the process by which cells obtain energy from glucose
ash
Volcanic ash consists of small tephra, which are bits of pulverized rock and glass created by volcanic eruptions,[1] less than 2 millimetres (0.079 in) in diameter.
dependent variable
the variable being measured to determinethe effects of the independent variables
alkyne series
the homologous series of unsaturated, aliphatic hydrocarbons containing one triple bond and having the general formula, CnH2n+2, as acetylene, HC≡CH.
bile
a bitter, alkaline, yellow or greenish liquid, secreted by the liver, that aids in absorption and digestion, esp. of fats.
delta
sediment deposited where a river flows into an ocean or a lake builds into a landform
Uranus
seventh planet from the Sun; is large and gaseous, has a distinct bluish-green color, and rotates on an axis nearly parallel to the plane of its orbit.
aneroid barometer
an instrument that measures changes in air pressure without using a liquid
surface wave
in geology, a seismic wave that travels along the surface of a medium and that has a stronger effect near the surface of the medium than it has the interior
human activity
the most common cause for population decline
Al in Mg Alloys
improves catability, leads to microporosity, is a precipitation and solid-solution hardener
What are the treatments for cancer?
chemotherapy, surgery, radiation
All matter is made up of particles called
atoms
What is the study of the atmosphere called?
meteorology
tissue
an aggregate of similar cells and cell products forming a definite kind of structural material with a specific function, in a multicellular organism.
speciation
the formation of new species as a result of geographic, physiological, anatomical, or behavioral factors that prevent previously interbreeding populations from breeding with each other.
angiosperm
a plant that produces seeds that are enclosed in a fruit
neutron star
collapsed core fo a supernova that can shrink to about 20 km in diameter and contains only neutrons in the dense core
Venus
2nd from the sun; is large and gaseous with thin, dark rings and rotates on it's side
galaxy
a large group of stars, dust, and gas that is held together by gravity and can be elliptical,spiral, or irregular
melting
the change of state in which a solid becomes a liquid by adding energy
activation energy
amount of energy required to start a chemical reaction
peptide bond
a covalent bond formed by joining the carboxyl group of one amino acid to the amino group of another, with the removal of a molecule of water.
density
the amount of mass in a given volume of air = mass/volume
Absolute Magnitude
a measure of the amount of light that a star actually emits.
The Behavior of Solids
Solids have a definite volume and shape because particles in a solid vibrate around fixed locations.
what are the zones of the ocean
intertidal- where ocean meets shore
photic zone- 0-200 m below surface
benthic-200m and down to floor
law of coservation of mass
the law that states that mass cannot be created or destroyed in ordinary chemical and physical changes
how do x rays make "x-rays"
bones absorb x-rays so they can be used to make images of bones inside the body
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