Africa Key Terms Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Bloemfontein
The Judicial Capital
irrigate
artificially water crops
Cataract
a rock filled rapid
kente cloth
colorful woven cloth.
Poverty
- little Infrastructure
-Low per capita GDP
-High unemployment
Kwame Nkrumah
founder of Ghana's independence movement and Ghana's first priesident
Mali
Empire created by indigenous Muslims in western Sudan of West Africa from the thirteenth to fifteenth century. It was famous for its role in the trans-Saharan gold trade.
overpopulation
biggest threat to the rainforest today
extended family
familes made of several generations.
Apartheid
a social policy or racial segregation involving political and economic and legal discrimination against non-whites
Songhai
a West African empire that conquered Mali and controlled trade from the 1400s to 1591.
Swahili
an African language that includes some arabic words
desertification
The Sahara is expanding because of drought, overgrazing, over-cultivation and deforestation. This expansion/growing of the desert is called _______.
slavary
first were taken to africa, harvest sugar cane,grew rice and cotton
savanna
an area of grassland with scattered trees and bushes
Igbo
a member of the largest ethnic group in southeastern Nigeria
Sundiata
the founder of Mali empire. He crushed his enemies and won control of the gold trade routes
game reserve
land set aside for aninmals, hunters cannot hurt the animals
Sahara
hot and dry desert that covers North Africa
ibn battuta
layer from morroco. kept a journal. set out to see muslim world
tributary
a river or stream that flows into a larger river
early humans
early humans in South Africa that date back over 50,000 years
What were some African civilizations?
Great Zimbabwe, Kilava, Malondo, Mombasa
Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea, Indian Ocean, The Cape of Good Hope
List the natural barriers.
Escarpment
a steep face at the edge of a plateau or other raised area
What do all of African's regions have in common?
Mountains & Coastal Plains
How did Africans help the Allies?
Giving them supplies, letting them fly through their area, and by fighting for the allies
What were the different ways Europeans ruled their colonies?
some ran Their colonies directly but others told rulers what to do, known as indirectly
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