Africa vocabulary section Flashcards

Terms Definitions
kingdom divided..
provinces
sundiata
king, "lion prince"
clan
a group of lineages
tributary
flows into a river
Sovereignty
government free from external control
kikuyu
the largest ethnic group in kenya
Democracy
A government over which citizens exercise power
San people
constantly traveled, hunted animals and gathered food to eat
art/music
cave paintings religious meaning, art told stories, danced at celebrations, music importnat to slaves
diversify
to add variety to expand the country´s economy by increasing the variety of goods produced.
Ghana
the first West African kingdom based on the gold and salt trade
cardinal directions
the directions north,south, east, and west
deforestation
the process of cutting and clearing away trees from a forest
berbers
north africa people. crossed sahara to west africa
swahilli
"people of the coast" unique culture. language
Mansa musa
mali started to decline after death
harambee
a Swahili words that means "let's pull together" and urges workers to build a strong economy
elevation
the height of land above sea level. Example- Bogotá has a high elevation.
intermediate direction
a direction halfway between 2 cardinal directions
checks and balances
South Africa's government has this system to keep the system fair
Nationalism
a feeling of pride in one's homeland; a group's identity as members of a nation
oral history
stories passed down by speaking from generation to generation
Sahara Desert
The ____________ covers 1/3 of the continent.
migrant worker
a laborer who travels away from where he or she lives to find work
farmland
only a small amount of land in South Africa is good for farming
What king of work is done by most africans?
Farming
Great Rift Valley
The ___________________ is a 4000 mile canyon from Ethiopia to Mozambique which separates people, slows trade and hinders communication east and west of the valley.
3 capitals
each capital is the home to a branch of government
herding and subsistence farming
way that people make their living in the Sahel
Disadvantages And Advantages of the Nile not Flooding
Disadvantage- Silt doesn't come, Need to Fertilize
Advantage- Crop is not flooded, More irrigation
How did the war inspire Africans?
They fought for freedom in other places so they should get freedom for themselves.
War (civil war or war between nations)
Injury to property and to people
After war is over bad effects last for many years.
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