Ballet Flashcards

vocabulary
Terms Definitions
Bras
Arms
demi-tour
half-turn
echappe
escapes
coupe
to cut
en avant
forward
retire
to withdraw
battement retire
beating withdrawn
demi plie
half fold
croise devant
crossed in front
e'chappe'
escaping or slipping movement
a la second
to the side
balance
a waltz step through coupe
Romanticism
philosophy in the 19th century... idealistic... a sense of yearning for perfection... exotic, colorful, wistful... fixation on death and dying
battement degage
beaten disengaged from the floor
promenade, tour de
turn in a walk
tights
a skin-tight, one-piece garment for the lower part of the body and the legs, now often made of stretch fabric, originally worn by dancers, acrobats, gymnasts, etc., and later made for general wear for adults and children.
entre
sometime included in grand pas de deux... simply an entrance
GRAND JETE [grahnzhuh-TAY] *
A large running split jump.
en croix
in the shape of a cross
A Terre - (ah tehr)
On the ground.
leotard
a skintight, one-piece garment for the torso, having a high or low neck, long or short sleeves, and a lower portion resembling either briefs or tights, worn by acrobats, dancers, etc.
coda
4th and last section of GPD... both dancers... fast, bravura steps... bow
RELEVÉ [ruhl-VAY] 
Relifted. To be in the raised position. Arising of the body on the pointes or demi-pointes from the plié. There are two ways to relevé. In the French School, releve is done with a smooth continuous rise while the Italian School (Cecchetti method) uses a little spring. In this course we follow the French example.
TENDU [tahn-DEW] 
Stretched. The foot brushes from flat on floor to full stretch going through the foot (toe, ball, heel) to any direction with body square to that direction. The foot never leaves the floor.
tour en l'air
turn in the air, changes feet
fifth position
a position similar to the first position, but with one foot in front, the heel and toe of the front foot adjacent to the toe and heel of the back foot.
Cabriole
A step where one leg is beaten against the other in mid-air
Mad scene
scene in Giselle after she finds out that Albrecht is a prince and has another fiance. Basically, she goes crazy and dies... always a question of whether or not the ballerina will be able to pull off the drama realistically
CHASSÉ [sha-SAY] 
Chased. A step in which one foot literally chases the other out of its position.
Passé — (pa-SAY)
Movement in which usually begins in fifth position where the working leg is drawn up the standing leg, passes the knee and then closes in the opposite fifth position. Passé resembles retire but differs in that this step changes fifth positions. Literal translation: to pass
plie
a movement in which the knees are bent while the back is held straight.
releve'
to rise; a rise of the heel to the highest extent possible
EN DEDAN [ahn duh-DAHN]
Inward. In steps and exercises the term en dedans indicates that the leg, in aposition a terre (on the ground) or en l'air ( in the air) moves in a circular direction, counterclockwise from back to front.
assemble
to close, a jump from one foot to two feet
pirouette
a whirling about on one foot or on the points of the toes, as in ballet dancing.
PAS DE BASQUE [pah duhbask]
Basque step. A characteristic step of the national dances of the Basques. It is an alternating step in three counts with a swinging movement from side to side. The movement may be done either sauté or glissé, and is taken en avant, en arrière and in all directions.
PAS DE CHAT [pah duhshah] 
Cat's-step. This is a small jump step that can go in any direction and is done from fifth to fifth and travels. There are many forms of pas de chat which are determined by height of leg, foot placement and a jeté of leading leg.
developpe
developed
cambre'
arched
Devant
In front
efface
open position
Battement
A beating movement
promenade
in a walk
grand jete
large jete
a terre
on the ground
Rond De Jambe
Circling the leg
ecarte devant
seperated to the front
Chaine
A series of small turning steps
Jules Perrot
Rom, 19th... co-choreographer of Giselle (with Jean Coralli)... movement instead of pantomine for storyline... famous movement based "Pas de Quatre"
pas de chat
step of the cat
demi
a combining form appearing in loanwords from French meaning "half" (demilune), "lesser" (demitasse), or sometimes used with a pejorative sense (demimonde); on this model, also prefixed to words of English origin (demigod).
Croise
Crossed. Where the dancer's body is placed obliquely toward the audience
Mikhail Baryshnikov
21st... Russian dancer with Kirov... defected while in Canada... danced with ABT (also, artistic director)... White Oak Dance Project... Baryshnikov Arts Center... major superstar in the 70's
EN L'AIR [ahn lehr]
Literally in the air.
a la quatrieme derriere
to the forth back
sissonne
a jump from two feet to one
plie'
to bend; a movement that requires a bending of the knee
Nacho Duato
21st... Spanish... studied in NYC and Europe... 1st dancing at Cullberg Ballet in Stockholm... resident choreographer for Nederlans Dans Theatre... artistic director of Compania Nacional de Danza... ballets performed by ABT, Royal Danish Ballet, San Francisco Ballet, Australian Ballet, others
SOUSSUS [soo-sew] 
Under-over. Soussus is a relevé in the 5th position drawing the legs and feet tightly together with the heels forced so they give the impression of one foot.
De'tourne'
turned aside. A pivot turn on both points or demi-pointes. It is a complete turn toward the back foot and reverses the position of the feet.
posture
the position of the limbs or the carriage of the body as a whole:
ballet d'action
term set forth by Jean George Noverre in "Letters on Dancing and Ballet"... his word for new form of ballet (that he was pushing) that had a linear plot (not abstract)
PROMENADE [prawm-NAD]
In a walk. Indicates that the dancer turns slowly on one foot in place by a series of slight movements of the heel to the required side while maintaining a definite pose.
pirouette; en dehors, en dedans
whirl or spin; outward, inward
Soutenu en Tournant
A sustained turn in fifth position. May be executed in many different ways.
releve
a rising up onto full point or half point from the flat of the feet.
JETÉ [zhuh-TAY] 
 Thrown. A jump from one leg to the other in which the working leg is brushed into the air and appears to be thrown. There are a wide variety of jetés and they may be done in all directions. Grand jeté is the large running split jump.
Port de Bras — (por dih BRAH)
Carriage of the arms.
Grand pas de deux
the high point in a classical ballet, the biggest pas de deux in the piece... has 4 (sometimes 5 if there's an entre (entrance)): adage, male variation, female variation, coda... bow after each section
Développé — (dayv-law-PAY)
A movement in which the working leg is drawn up through a retire position to an open, extended position en l‘air. The hips are always kept level and square to the direction that the dancer is facing. Literal translation: to develop
En Dedans — (aim duh-DAHN)
In steps and exercises, the term en dedans indicates that the leg moves in a circular direction, for the right foot counter-clockwise from back to front, and for the left foot clockwise from back to front. Ex. Rond de jambe en dedans, en dedans pirouette
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