Ballet Terminology Flashcards

Terms Definitions
To strike
to glide
to change
A cutting step
battement fondu
beating melted
open or opened
separated, thrown wide apart
en l'air
in the air
Pas De Chat
A catlike step
time developed, developing movement; coupe, attitude, alonge, tendu, close fifth
To rise up on the toes
Lev Ivanov
CB, Russia, 20th... Petipa's assistant---"The Nutcracker" and "Swan Lake"... expressing emotion through classical dancing without pantomime
EnL’Air — (on lehr)
In the air.
a sinuous, spiraling, undulating, or serpentine line or linear motif.
A vertical position of the body supported by one leg, with the other knee bent, raised behind and the arms raised in various positions
Agnes de Mille
20th... American ballet dancer... choreog for Ballet Russes de Monte Carlo and ABT... choreog for musical theatre ("Oklahoma", "Carousel")
withdrawn. A position in which the thigh is raised to the second position en l'air with the knee bent so that the pointed toe rests in front of, behind or to the side of the supporting knee. Many also call this a passe'
en or de face
in front, full face
to cross; a position that requires the dancer to face on the diagonal with one leg crossed in front of the other
Lincoln Kirstein
art patron who invited Balanchine to America in 1933, and funded his school and companies
BALANCÉ [ba-lahn-SAY] 
Rocking step. Shifting weight from one foot to the other. Balance may be done crossing the foot either front or back. This is performed from side to side, front to back, in a diagonal, or in a turning sequence.
whipped. The movement may be a short whipped movement of the raised foot as it passes rapidly in front of or behind the supporting foot or a sharp whipping around of the body. There are a great variety of fouette's
ballet slippers
a heelless cloth or leather slipper worn by ballet dancers.
Genral progression of ballet
Catherine d'Medici took ballet masters from Italy to France (court ballet). Marius Petipa takes it from France to Russia. Balanchine takes it from Russia to America.
PLIÉ [plee-AY]
Bent, bending. A bending of the knee or knees. This is an exercise to render the joints and muscles soft and pliable and the tendons flexible and elastic, and to develop a sense of balance. Two principle types of plié are demi-plié and grand plié.
pas de bourre
step of running; french folk dance form
pas de bourree
series of steps which travel behind, side, front
the turning out of the legs from the hips, with the feet back to back or heel to heel.
Behind, back. This term may refer to a movement, step or placing a limb in back of the body. In reference to a particular step (for example, glissade derriere), the addition of derriere implies that the working foot is closed at the back.
Arabesque — (ah-ra-BESK)
The position of the body supported on one leg with the opposite leg extended behind the body. The arms may be held in various harmonious positions creating the longest possible line along the body.
a whirling about on one foot or on the points of the toes, as in ballet dancing.
Swan Lake: plot (2nd part)
at a royal ball princesses from different countries dance for the prince (national dancing) so that he can pick one. A disguised Von Rothbart comes with his daughter Odille who he has disguised as Odette. Siegfried and Odille (as Odette) dance the grand pas de deux, and Siegfried declares his love. The real Odette shows up and he realizes he made a mistake. Odette goes back to the lake, and Siegfried comes to meet her. Von Rothbart shows up and tells Siegfried he must marry Odile. Completely broken hearted, Odette commits suicide by jumping in the lake. Siegfried and Odette unite in death.
Echappé — (ay-sha-PAY)
A movement done from first or fifth to second or fourth position and then closing back to first or fifth. This step may be executed on demipointe or in a petit allegro combination.
Brisk, lively
grand assemble en tournant
big turning assemble
unconstrained; easy, as in manner or style.
a ballroom dance, in moderately fast triple meter, in which the dancers revolve in perpetual circles, taking one step to each beat.
a movement in which one leg passes behind or in front of the other.
a ballet movement in which the dancer jumps from the fifth position and lands on the toes or the balls of the feet in the second position.
ronds de jambe
a circular movement of the leg.
to draw out or extend (oneself, a body, limbs, wings, etc.) to the full length or extent (often fol. by out):
a movement in which the knees are bent while the back is held straight.
of or pertaining to a movement that is stretched or held.
a gliding step in which one foot is kept in advance of the other.
Bounce on the ball of the foot - like a bouncy ball
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