ballet terms Flashcards

vocabulary
Terms Definitions
Ecarte
Separated
cambre'
arched
coupe
cut
Vole'
flown, flying
faille
giving way
en arri'ere
backward
allonge'
to elongate/ stretch
en arriere
moving backward
entrechat
interweaving or braiding
echappe saute
escaped jump movement
d'eveloppe'
developed or developing movement
DEMI [duh-MEE]
Half of any movement.
chasse
to chase, a galloping step
Paris Opera
French ballet company...started as Royal Academy of Dance...
pas de chat
step of the cat
battement
to kick with a straight leg
rosin
the yellowish to amber, translucent, hard, brittle, fragmented resin left after distilling the oil of turpentine from the crude oleoresin of the pine: used chiefly in making varnishes, varnish and paint driers, printing inks, and for rubbing on the bows o
tendue
stretched; held out; a movement where the working foot is extended straight out until the toe is fully pointed. Done from front, side, or back
Filippo Taglioni
Rom, 19th... Italian dancer and choreographer... "La Sylphide" in 1832 (said to have begun Rom era)
balance
to swing or rock to and fro
Preparation
The movement with which the dancers prepares for the execution of a step or turn.
leotard
a skintight, one-piece garment for the torso, having a high or low neck, long or short sleeves, and a lower portion resembling either briefs or tights, worn by acrobats, dancers, etc.
Kirov Ballet
Russian imperial ballet company in St. Petersburg... trained Baryshikov, Makarova, Nijiski, Nureyev, Balanchine, Pavlova
Arthur Saint-Leon
Rom, 19th... one of last great choreogs of Rom Era...ballet master of Imperial Theatre in St. Petersburg... attempted system of dance notation... "Coppelia"--- last ballet
TRIPLET
Three steps commencing with a low step in plié and two steps relevé on demi-pointe or full pointe. It can be continuous by alternating the feet after each set of three steps are completed. This can be done traveling without or with a turn and is done to a waltz i.e., 3/4 music.
eleve
to rise from straight legs to the balls of the feet
attitude
a pose in dancing derived by Carlo Blasis from the statue of Mercury by Giovanni da Bologna
Jete
Thrown. The basic jump from one leg to the other, the first leg usually being "thrown"
female variation
3rd section of GPD... por de bras, brisk point work, turns... bow after
Croisé devant
Crossed in front. In this position the dancer stands at an oblique angle to the audience, facing one of the two front corners of the room. The leg nearer the audience is pointed in the fourth position front aterre or en l'air.
Tombé - (tawn-BAY)
Movement where the body falls forward or backward onto the working leg in a demi-plié. Literal translation: falling down
sissonne simple
simple sissone and it was named after the originator of the step
releve
a rising up onto full point or half point from the flat of the feet.
ATTITUDE [ah-tee-TEWD] 
A position on one leg with the other lifted in back, the knee bent at an angle of ninety degrees and well turned out so that the knee is higher than the foot. The supporting foot may be a terre, sur la pointe or sur lademi-pointe. As with arabesques, attitudes are done in all directions and can be done in a turn or in the air.
Balance — (ba-iahn-SAY)
A rocking step where the weight shifts from one foot to the other.
EN DIAGONALE [ahn dya-gaw-NAL]
In a diagonal. Indicates that a step is to be done traveling on a diagonal direction.
PORT DE BRAS [pawr duhbrah]
Carriage of the arms. A movement or series of movements made by passing the arm or arms through various positions.
Pas de Chat - (pah duh shah)
A jump from fifth position demi-plié that brings both legs into a retire position before landing one after the other into a fifth position demi-plié. Literal translation: jump of the cat
petite
small
enchainement
linking
Passe
To pass
derriere
in back
en avant
forward
battement tendu
beating stretched
demi
half or small
adageadagio
slow, enfolding movements
croisse derriere
crossed in back
ballone' simple
a simple ballone'
changements des pieds
change of feet
battement, fondu de'veloppe'
battement fondu developed
divertissement
diversion...sections in CB that are pure dancing and do not progress story at all... almost entire 2nd act of the Nutcracker
pas de cheval
step of the horse
temps leve'
time raised or raising movement
Bolshoi Ballet
Russian imperial ballet company in Moscow...
ECHAPPÉ [ay-sha-PAY]
Escaping or slipping movement. An echappé is a level opening of both feet from a closed to an open position. There are two kinds: echappé sauté, which is done with a spring from fifth to open position and the other is a slide action onto the pointe.
grand jete en avant
large forward traveling leap
en croix
in the shape of a cross
Eplaule
The shoulders are turned at an angle to the hips
Louis XIV
17th France... Sun King... King of France...in court ballets... permission for first Academy of Dance (before music)
BATTEMENT [bat-MAHN] 
Beating. A beating action of the extended or bent leg. There are two types of battements, grands battements and petits battements. The petits battements are: tendus, dégagés,frappés and tendus relevés. Grande battement is the large beating.The working leg is raised to the hip level and brought down again. Directions include a la quatrième devant, a la seconde and a la quatrième derriére.
EN ARRIERE [ahna-RYEHR]
Traveling backward. A direction for the execution of a step orseries of steps.
bun
hair gathered into a round coil or knot at the nape of the neck or on top of the head in certain coiffures.
Jump
Take off from two feet, land on two feet
male variation
2nd section of GPD... lots of battire, ballon, pirouettes, tours... bow after
ASSEMBLÉ [ah-sahn-BLAY] *
Assembled or joined together. A step in which the working foot slides well along the ground before being swept into the air. As the foot goes into the air the dancer pushes off the floor with the supporting leg, extending the toes. Both legs come to the ground simultaneously in the fifth position. There are a great variety of assembles; grand, petit, and with beats, and they can go in many directions.
Piqué — (pee-KAY)
This step is executed by stepping directly onto the demi-pointe of one foot with a push from plie of the other foot in any direction. Literal translation: to prick
(en) croix
in a cross shape; a term used to describe a movement done to the front, side, back, and side again
FRAPPÉ [fra-PAY] 
Struck, to strike. From a flex or sur le cou-de-pied position the working foot strikes the floor with the ball of the foot to a full stretch en l'air.
pirouette
a turn on one leg while the other is in passe
first position
a position of the feet in which the heels are back to back and the toes point out to the sides.
temps leve saute battus en second
time raised, jumped, beaten in second
Compound step
a step made up of two or more steps or portions of steps under one name.
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