equality for women
with-out pants, anti-anti-revolutionaries
Defeat of Napoleon's Invasion Fleet
|Federal Powers are called what?||
Printer, inventor of bifocals, lightning rod, and efficient wood-burning stove. Delegate to the Continental Congress, ambassador to Paris. Intellectual, championed the Enlightment's ideals.
middle class of the third estate
French philosopher, author, and social reformer
|What did Thomas Paine write?||
|Treaty of Paris||
Granted unconditional independence and established generous boundaries for former colonists
|Storming of the Bastille||
Peasants take notorious prison
In Belgium, where the British army, led by the Duke of Wellington, prepared for battle and fought with the Prussian forces to defeat Napoleon.
divine right of monarchs to rule
was a Swiss-born French physician, philosopher, political theorist and scientist best known as a radical journalist and politician from the French Revolution. His journalism was renowned for its fiery character and uncompromising stance towards the new government, "enemies of the revolution" and basic reforms for the poorest members of society.
|What type of ism means traditional political/social order and resist change?||
|Why did many revolutions fail?||
lack of unity
|Reign of Terror||
the historic period (1793-94) during the French Revolution when thousands were executed
This goverment was coup de etat by Napoleon; had 5 man exectutive branch
|Declaration of Independence||
July 1776, the Second Continential Congress issued this document written by Thomas Jefferson, it was based on ideas of the Enlightenment. A statement of the reasons for the American Colonies break with Britian. (natural rights - all men are created equal and endowed certain unalienable rights - life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. )
|Battle of Saratoga||
turning point in american revolution, France and Spain decide to help
|levee en masse||
denotes a short-term requisition of all able-bodied men to defend the nation and has to be viewed in connection with the political events in revolutionary France, namely the new concept of the democratic citizen as opposed to a royal subject.
|Who fails to revolt against Russia only to have leaders executed?||
the second estate of the realm: the nobility (especially British nobility) of the rank of duke or marquess or earl or viscount or baron (30% of land)
|articles of confederation||
unifies the colonies as one nation
o States do not want to give up very much power to a Federal/ cohesive government because until this point each colony had been independent up until this point. But they came together because they didn't want to have to protect themselves individually and individually set up relationships with other nations. But still weren't willing to give up their rights
o Ultimately fails - they met in Pennsylvania and threw out the articles of confederation and rewrote an entirely new constitution. Gave more power to the federal government. Was written in 1787 then ratified by nine states and finally established in 1789.
1770's - a political and social system that existed in France before the French Revolution. The people were divided into three social classes or estates
King Louis XIV's nick name, for he believed he was the source of all light in France.
King Louis XVI's wife, she spent way too much money and the people of France hated her
|What 4 economic problems plague France?||
poor harvests, inflation, unemployment, shortages
|What was added to guarantee individual rights?||
Bill of Rights
|old regime/ Louis XIV||
• Has a very limited social structure: estates
o 1st Estate - clergy }
o 2nd estate - nobility}
These two estates make up 2% of the population
They have all the privileges that people born into the third estate can NEVER access
o 3rd Estate - everyone else
98% of the population
Pay taxes, etc. not happy with their position in society
was used by the British forces in the American colonies to ensure that British troops had adequate housing and provisions.
|Who is the king during the French Revolution?||
King Louis XVI
|Civil Code of 1804||
also known as the Napoleonic Code, it safeguarded property, limited the rights of employees and women and centralized law of France
|Boston Tea Party||
an act of direct action protest by the American colonists against the British Government in which they destroyed many crates of tea belonging to the British East India Company and dumped it into the Boston Harbor.
|louis and marie become insecure||
• Louis XVI becomes insecure. A mob of women goes to Verssailles amd brings them to Paris so they can be watched. Called the baker and baker's wife (disrespectful)
|What 5 countries unite in a war against France?||
Great Britain, Dutch Netherlands, Spain, Austria, Prussia
|american claims against the british||
• Did not agree with the way their mother country was conducting business
• Tyrant - to seize power unlawfully
• Claimed that Geoge III had seized power and had no authority to do what he was doing
• Claimed that they weren't being represented
• Said that they were being virtually being represented - there were british people speaking for the colonies but the colonist said that they couldn't know how to represent them because they didn't know what life was life to the colonies
• The colonists had experienced such luxurious life styles up to this point so they got super mad when these spoils were taken away
|declaration of the rights of man and citizen||
• Was issued by the national assembly
• Very similar to our Declaration of Independence. They both express the rights of men, how your rights cannot impede on those of others, etc.
• But they have different purposes:
o Declaration of independence - to declare independence
o Declaration of the rights of man and citizen - equal - all have a fair trial
o DOROMAC was intended more for France, while the DOI was intended to broadcast reasons/beliefs to the world
|declaration on the rights of women and the female scientist||
• Saying that in nature, men and women are equal, so why should this not be true for society? This is the same argument that men used to show that women were inferior - Russeau and locke claim that they are inferior in nature.
• She fights for:
o Equal ownership of property - could not inehirit land
o Both need to obey the law - even women have to obey the law
o Be able to hold gov't position
• At this point, it was not even a possibility for women to have equal rights so she was beheaded
• Written by olympe de Gouges