American Government Terms Lesson Flashcards

Terms Definitions
federal
nation-wide
Incumbents
current office holders
balance the ticket
Constitution
written form of government
Legislative Branch
They make law-chapter 4
Anti-Federalists
Those who opposed the constitution.
liberals
favor: government activities that promote equality
oppose: government activities that restrict individual liberties (gay marriage)
Defense
Changed name in 1949, nation's security, military
stare decisis
make decisions on past decisions
Legitimacy
Political authority conferred by law or by a state or national constitution
Inherent
Not listed, but necessary national powers
Commerce clause
constitutional provision that gives Congress power to regulate commerce "among the states".
moral dissent
A protest against government concentration and abuse of power in both the church and state
George Washington
The head of the Constitutional Convention
gender gap
difference in political views between men and women
Majority Leader
The second-ranking party position in the House (and the first in the Senate). They schedule floor action on bills and guides the party's legislative program through the House.
Who is the 3rd district representative?
Dennis Moore
Hard Issues
Complicated issues that require voters to have information about the policy and spend time considering their choice.
free enterprise
economic system in which individuals and businesses are allowed to compete for profit with a minimum of government interference
new federalism
system in which the national government restores greater authority back to the states
creative federalism
President Johnson using grants to coerce states into adopting federal policies (health care, education, community development) Greatly increased government spending.
Impeachment
An action by the House of Representatives and the Senate to remove the president, vice president, or civil officers. To bring up an elective official on formal charges.
Article 1
Legislative Branch. Congress made up of Senate and The House of Representatives.
Confederation
type of government where the national government derives its powers from the states; a league of independent states
Limited government
In natural rights philosophy, a system restricted to protecting natural rights that does not interfere with other aspects of life. More generally, limited government is constitutional government governed by the rule of law. Written or unwritten constitutions are used to empower and limit government.
Magna Carta
Limited the power of the English Monarchy (1215), trial by jury
Slavery
Most glaring example of the failure to extend the rights and privileges to all people
Test of Reasonableness
whether a reasonable person would agree that a law had a rational basis - first used in a Michigan case in the 1940s where women were prohibited from working in bars, unless it was a family business, law was designed to protect women's sensibilities.
white primary
the practice of keeping blacks from voting in the southern states' primaries through arbitrary use of registration requirements and intimidation
zoning
process of dividing a city into a number of districts and regulating the uses to which property in each of them may be put
Implementation
The process of putting a law into practice through bureaucratic rules or spending.
Describe types of interest groups? 5
*economic-engages business practices
*ideological- single interest (ex. pro life, Rifle Association)
*Public (Cancer Society)
*Foreign (Foreign Affairs)
*govt (gov. employes)
reelected
a congress member is likely to be ________ if they are not considered an influential or active member of congress but is very visible in their district and has an efficient casework staff
founder
large amount of men and women who founded the country
Adversary System
A judicial system in which opposing lawyers present their strongest cases
direct primary
An election in which voters choose party nominees.
Today the direct primary is the typical method of picking party candidates.
Primaries vary significantly from state to state. They differ in terms of (1) who may run in a primary and how he or she qualifies for the ballot; (2) whether the party organization can or does endorse candidates before the primary; (3) who may vote in a party's primary—that is, whether a voter must register with a party to vote; and (4) how many votes are needed for nomination—the most votes (a plurality), more than 50 percent (a majority), or some other number determined by party rule or state law.
shay's rebellion
-mass farmers' land was seized by government for the overdue taxes
-farmers rebellion rioted
-incident made congress see need for revising the articles of confederation
-led directly to the constitutional convention
Three-Fifths Compromise
That three fifths of a state's slave population would be counted in determining both taxation and representation
Appeal
take a court case to a higher court for review
CRA 1875
Second Civil Rights Act - equal access to all public meeting places - parks, theaters, restaurants, etc.
Charter Colony
This type of colony was given the power to govern by the colonists. It had the most independence and were nearly self-governing.
checks and balances
prevents one branch from becoming too powerful
pluralist model
100 and 1000 of groups who competed with eachother to bargain and compromise. no single group dominated and there were multiple access points
opinion leaders
a person who has an unusually strong influence on the views of others
constituency service
the district making up the area from which an official is elected. They can make many types of demands on their representatives. They can hire and fire their representatives as well.
Civil Rights
The rights of people to be treated without unreasonable or unconstitutional differences
jurisdiction
right of a court to hear and decide a case
minority leader
the head of the minority party in the house or senate
What factors impact on interest group power?
Size, resources, cohesiveness, leadership
Whos the leader? The size? Money resources? Techniques? These impact on how the American govt operates.
Clear and Present Danger Test
A standard for determining when government has exceeded its constitutional authority to restrict speech
chief executive
the role of the president as head of the executive branch of the government
War Powers Resolution
A law passed in 1973 spelling out the conditions under which the president can commit troops without congressional approval.
Reasons for growth of American bureaucracy
Issues require more expertise because society is so complex. The increase size of our nation. Americans demand more service from the government.
Steps for how a Bill becomes a law
Introduction, Committee, Floor, Conference, President
Powers of the central government in the Articles of Confederation
Only the government can:
1. conduct foreign relations
2. allowed to declare war
3. set the currency and measures
state of the union message
an annual message to Congress in which the president proposes a legislative program. the message is addressed not only to congress but also to the american people and the world
If the offices of president and vice president are both vacated, then Congress has specified that the next in line for the presidency is the:
Correct Answer: Speaker of the House.
When a bill goes to the president...
he can vetoe, pass, or leave it on his desk for 10 days, after which it is automatically passed unless the session ends.
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Term:
Definition:
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