American History 104 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Lilting
musical
Adolf Hitler
...
1956
Suez Canal Crisis
NATO?
Norht Atlantic Trade Organization
Saratoga
first significant American victory
Stokley Carmichael
head of SNICC
people currently learning English
1 billion
FDIC
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A federal guarantee of savings bank deposits initially of up to $2500, raised to $5000 in 1934, and frequently thereafter; continues today with a limit of $100,000
public interest
good of the people
Confederate soldier's horses
allowed to be kept
Dehumanization of slaves
treated them badly, inhumanely
Loyalists
colonists who supported the British monarch and laws
Initiative
policy allowing voters to introduce new legislation
Joseph McCarthy
McCarthyism; made accusations about communism
False
The Declaration of Independence has the same three points that John Locke made during the time of the Enlightenment.
wrote Gone with the Wind
Margaret Mitchell
Census
an official population count at set intervals, taxation and redistribution of funds to the proper places. Also helps determine representation in H.O.R.
realism
writing about real people and real events
union
an organization of workers formed to protect their interests
cabinet
a group of advisors to the president
small pox
what helped pizarro conquer the incans?
mestizo
A person of mixed racial ancestry, especially mixed European and Native American ancestry.
impeachment
The process of formally indicting an official for wrongdoing as one step in the process of removing him from office. The House of Representatives impeached Andrew Johnson in 1868, but the Senate, which acts as the trial jury for impeached federal officials, failed to convict him by one vote short of the necessary two-thirds required. Johnson therefore stayed in office and completed his term as president.
graft
the illegal use of political influence for personal gain
John Calhoun
South Carolina politician who fought for state's rights.
Governor Berkeley
-Generally freindly toward Indians who traded with the colony
American Mercury
Magazine that attacked everything in america such as politics, church, goverment, marriage love, fundamentalists
Island Hopping
the American navy attacked islands held by the Japanese in the Pacific Ocean. The capture of each successive island from the Japanese brought the American navy closer to an invasion of Japan.
When did Germany invade Poland?
September 1, 1939
Peter Cooper
He invented the first American steam locomotive to be used on a track. He built the Tom Thumb.
First Continental Congress
colonial leaders met up in Philadelphia to discuss problems and the fate of the colonys Georgia was not invoves in the continental congress
plessy v. ferguson
supreme court ruling that segregation is legal and didnt violate 14th amendment
Dupuy de Lome
Spanish ambassador said that Pres. McKinley was a weak leader
backcountry
a colonial region that ran along the Appalachian Mountains.
27th Amendment*
(RN) , regulates pay raises for members of Congress
Steerage
The large open area beneath a ships deck where immigrants were often put during there travels to America
Martyr
a person who sacrifices his or her life for a principle or cause
Treaty
an agreement or contract between 2 or more parties
Articles of Confederation
This document, the nation's first constitution, was adopted by the Second Continental Congress in 1781 during the Revolution. The document was limited because states held most of the power, and Congress lacked the power to tax, regulate trade, or control coinage.
National Trades Union
-mutual aid craft societies.
-protest from skilled workers who tried to organize to regulate unskilled goods.
-court tried to prevent them from organizing however never was able to be an effective organization.
Columbian Exchange
1942 columbus comes to new world; exchange of culture
turning point
moment in history that marks a decisive change
league covenant
the constitution of the league of nations; article 10 pledged league members to protect one another with joint economic and military action against aggressors.
Gettysburg Address
Speech given by Abraham Lincoln in which he praised Union soldiers' bravery and renewed his commitment to winning the Civil War.
plantation
a usually large farm or estate, esp. in a tropical or semitropical country, on which cotton, tobacco, coffee, sugar cane, or the like is cultivated, usually by resident laborers.
blockade
the shutting of a port to keep people or supplies from moving in or out
wounded knee massacre
In December 1890, Army troops captured some of Sitting Bull's followers and took them to a camp. 300 Sioux men, women, and children were killed
Ku Klux Klan
a secret society of white Southerners in the United States the reemerged in Tn. A movie "The Birth of a Nation" by David W. Griffith and almost celebrated the KKK. 2 guys started to market the KKK by selling memberships, uniforms, and holy water for around 40$. The requirements to become a member were to be native born, white, protestant, male. Around 25 million applied and 1/4 ended up joining. Did not like foreigners, blacks, fornicators, and alcoholics.
Venezuelan Boundary Dispute
(GC2) 1895, Guiana and Venezula in conflict with each other (discovery of gold), Cleveland called for arbitration, The US determined to enforce the Monroe Doctrine by itself, without relying on the British (got most of the land) navy.
William Bradford
A Separatist who led the Pilgrims to New England; Put together the Mayfower Compact in 1620 to maintain english identity in America
Espionage and Sedition Acts
laws that enacted harsh punishments against anyone who opposed participation in the war
Triangular trade
A three way system of trade during 1600-1800s Aferica sent slaves to America, America sent Raw Materials to Europe, and Europe sent Guns and Rum to Africa
What was teh major goal of the Lewis anc Clark expedition?
get
underground railroad
network of escape routes out of the south
Ho Chi Mihn Trail
A supply route for the Vietcong
chicago black socks
set the precident for curroption and sports
TR as a progressive president
bully pulpit, square deal, trust buster mentality, imposing ideas unto others
What does the Red Scare tie into?
The fear of communism
Exposition and Protest
1828 (JQA) , John C. Calhoun wrote this in protest to the Tariff of 1828. In it, he said that a state should be able to nullify a federal law (The Tariff of 1828)
Siege of Leningrad
lasted from July 10, 1941 to January 27, 1944
second most populous city in the Soviet Union
approximately 1,000,000 people died in Leningrad from starvation or German artillery fire
Poland and Italy
are countries which many of the "new immigrants" came from
Cuban Missile Crisis
Cuba had a nuclear missile site, US scared and prepared for nuclear war
What was the organization called that made sure the soldiers had enough supplies?
The War Industries Board
gov. clevend became first democratic pres. with help of whom and what year.
help of mugwamps,1865, mugwamps left there own political party in order to support clevlend
Treaty of Versailles
it was the thing the Germans had to sign saying that they lost the war and they had to take care of all the damage that happened on other countries
Credit Mobilier Scandal
a scandal that formed when a group of union pacific railroad insiders formed the credit mibilier construction company and then hired themselves to build the railroad with inflated wages. they bribed several congressmen and the vide president to keep the scandal from going public.
big farm slavery in the south
slaves worked long hours; never saw plantation owner family; lived separately; treated worse
What were the factors that led Americans to call for war with Spain?
sensational stories in the "yellow press", sympathy for the Cuban freedom movement, and the explosion aboard the battleship Maine
Jefferson and the Declaration of Independence
wrote the words "All Men are Created Equal" but that did not include women, native americans, or slaves
Stipulations of the Treaty of Paris-What the US got
All of the land west of the Mississippi up to the Great Lakes, Recognized as an independent nation, Got fishing rights in New Finland
why were the seminole wars considered the costliest wars waged by the government to gain native lands?
* cost over $20 million
* US lost over 1,500 soliders
* HIGHEST tariff yet in US history!!
What were British advantages on the eve of Revolution?
Best army in Europe, best navy in the world, many loyal colonist, best economy to support war, parliament and king support war
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