American History 106 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
solace
comfort
deficit spending
...
1862
Union Pacific Charter
John C. Fremont
Republican, abolitionist
Douglas MacArthur
Korean War commander
Who were the Bolsheviks?
communists
King Kalakaua
Who died in 1891?
Parliament
the legislature of Great Britain
u.s.s. main
exploded in havanna harbor
elation
a feeling of joy and pride
Multinational Corperation
large corporation with overseas investments.
Genocide
deliberate and systematic killing of an entire population
Vietcong
the guerrilla soldiers of the Communist faction in Vietnam, also know as the National Liberation Front
Astrolabe
An astronomical instrument used to measure the altitude of the sun or stars
temperance movement
a campaign against alcohol abuse
Lowell Factory
first created revolutionized textile factory
establishments where middle class residents lived and helped poor residents, mostly immigrants
settlement houses
16th Amendment
allowed Congress to tax people's incomes
What was the second event?
Boston Tea Party
Stephen Austin
leader of american colony in texas
Radio
emerged during the 1920s and contained stations such as church services, news, music and sports
when the US expanded did rivalries arise?
YES
Christopher Columbus
Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China.
missionary diplomacy
Wilson's foreign policy which intended to promote liberal and humanitarian ends and which was based on the idea that the US has a mission to promote morality, democracy, and idealism around the world.
Mexican cession
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: Mexico agrees to Rio Grande border, ceded New Mexico and California
FDIC
Created by the Glass-Steagall Act of 1933, this corporation provides deposit insurance.
Linger
continue to stay; be reluctant to leave
mudslinging
an attempt to ruin an apponents relation with insults
Gibbons v Ogden
Expanded definition of interstate comerce
Federal government gets more control over interstate manufacturing and trade
What did Hitler want more of?
living space
Jacksonian Democracy
The idea of spreading political power to the people and ensuring majority rule.- Jackson's time
Pearl Harbor
What attacks severaly crippled the US naval and air strangth?
De facto discrimination
discrimination by practice instead of law
Sanford B. Dole
Who did the Provisional government elect as president?
house of burgesses
the first elected legislative assembly in the New World established in the Colony of Virginia in 1619, representative colony set up by England to make laws and levy taxes but England could veto its legistlative acts.
Berlin Wall
(HT), a wall separating East AKA People's Republic of Germany (controlled by Russia) and West Berlin AKA German Federal Republic (controlled by Britain, France, and America) built by East Germany in 1961 to keep citizens from escaping to the West
Treaty of Versailles
forced Germany to pay reparations after WWI
Jefferson Davis
A senator from Mississippi that became the president of the Confederate States of America
17th Amendment
It stated that Senators were now elected by popular vote from the citizens.
Mayflower Compact
document of self government drawn up by men on board the Mayflower
Who was blamed for the explosion of the U.S.S Marine?
Spain
Toleration Act
passed in 1649 to guarantee religious freedoms to all Christians and was the first step to promote religious freedom in America
Mercantilism
one person or nation could grow rich at the expense of another
neutral
a neutral nation is one not aligned with either side in a war; traditionally, a neutral nation had the right to engage in certain types of trade with nations that were at war.
William Jennings Bryan
Lost 3 presidential elections, branded as a socialist, communist, populist and didn't have too much experience. Through World War I, he resigned as Wilson's Sec. of State due to disagreements in how their neutrality was being handled in the wake of the Lusitania incident.
demographic
a single vital or social statistic of a human population, as the number of births or deaths.
john browns raid
abolistionist john brown and 21 other men captured federal arsenal in Harpers Ferry, virginia to start slave rebellion
middle passage
voyage from Africa to the Americas - the middle leg of the triangular trade
War Guilt Clause
What stated that Germany was solely responsible for the war ?
Mary Lyon
(AJ) in 1837 founded the first college for women, Mount Holyoke Female Seminary
Compulsory Education Laws
laws that required parents to send their kids to school
nation of islam
a group of militant Black Americans who profess Islamic religiou`s beliefs and advocate independence for Black Americans
Horizontal Intergration
Controlling much of one phase of an industry
What was a water route through North America that would allow ships to sail from the Atlantic to the Pacific?
Northwest Passage
cow town
settlement at the end of a cattle trail
Agricultural Adjustment Act
Sought to raise crop prices by lowering production
Quebec Act
1774
Gave area north of Ohio river to Canada
Korematsu v U.S.
The court ruled that the ordering of Japanese=Americans into internment camps was constitutional
how were most childeren tuahgt to read and write
by their parents
Summit Conference in USSR
(RN), along with two top advisiors, Henry Kissinger and Gerard Smith, talked with USSR about conduct joint space teams, scientists cures of cancer and heart disease, cease from any further incidents, warships, pretty much cooperate together, and also talked about SALT
Martin Luther King, Jr.
leader in the Civil Rights movement, "I have a dream"
The Soviet Union
After World War II, the only nation that could rival the United States was?
New Jersey Plan
A plan that didn't not abandon the articles of Confederation, but to modified them to make the central government stronger.
coal strike of 1902
long hours, low wages, being forced to live in company houses and trade at company stores, refusal to recognize unions
Lord William Howe
was a British army officer who rose to become Commander-in-Chief of British forces during the American War of Independence. After leading British troops to a costly victory in the Battle of Bunker Hill, he took command of all British forces in America from Thomas Gage.However, poor British campaign planning for 1777 contributed to the failure of John Burgoyne's Saratoga campaign, which played a major role in the entry of France into the war.
Who volunteered his services to help better train the American soldiers?
In 1778, Friedrich von Steuben
...Explain: Peace Corps when, who, why
Organization that sent young American to perform humanitarian services in less developed countries.
Rear Admiral Richard Byrd
went to the North Pole, Flew over the South Pole, Set up camp at the Bay of Whales in Antarctica, named his camps "Little America" and "Little America II"
Americanization was a movement to do what?
Assimilate new immigrants to American culture
What was a Prohibition?
-Initiative?
-a ban on alcohol that became law in 1920.
-a method of allowing voters to propose a new law on the ballot for the public approval.
slaves could move up in socioty and out of slavery
Slavery in Africa differed from slavery as it developed in the americas in that
What was the purpose of the Proclamation of 1763?
To keep settlers from moving west of the Appalachian Mountains.
What does Hoover do to break up the Bonus Army?
sends in army led by Douglas McArthur to shut down the army
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