American History 113 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
USS monitor
define inalienable
God given
John Pershing
Commanded the AEF.
Slavery and Involuntary Servitude
The warmest ocean
Indian Ocean
Juan Ponce de Leon
Explored Florida
critical period
a. Experiment with dimocrocy
b. Articles created a weak central government
c. leads to a stronger central government
gave women right to vote
elected President in 1824
John Quincy Adams
Anne Hutchinson
-Did not accept Puritan authority
-Believed it was wrong to obey the Church if by doing so a person disobeyed God
-Held discussions in her home after Church services
-Believed salvation could be self achieved
-Banished to RI
Intended as the first permanent British colony, settled in 1606 on the banks of the James River in Virginia.
political and social reform movement of the late 1800s and early 1900s; included socialism, the labor movement, municipal reform, prohibitionism, the settlement house movement, and other reform movements
Silk Road
-Trade Route through Asia
-Connected Constantinople to other countries in Asia (land route)
Chinese patriots who opposed foreign interference and colonization
the loss of value of money
Lowell Mills
textile mills founded in 1826.
Eli Whitney
United States inventor of the mechanical cotton gin (1765-1825)
Fourteen Points
expressed the belief that colonial policies should consider the interests of colonized people as well as those of imperialists powers.
As President Lincoln wavered in his policy of noninterference with slavery, he considered the biggest obstacle to the acceptance of emancipation in the Union to be
A) the fears of Northerners that freed slaves would cause overcrowding in schools.
B) the d
a competition of space exploration between the United States and Soviet Union
space race
Axis Powers
Germany, Italy, Soviet Union, later Japan
process of settling disputes in which both sides accept the legally binding decision of an impartial third party; often used in labor conflicts
Name given by Southern Democrats to native Southerners who worked with northern Republicans during Reconstruction and were thus seen as traitors to their region.
position of attacking or the attack itself.
Lost Generation
American novelists like F. Scott Fitzgerald and Ernest Hemingway were part of the?
John Rolfe
smuggled Spanish tobacco seeds and planted a garden and made money
Declaratory Act
After they rescinded the Stamp Act/Great Britain had the power to tax the colonies/Reasserted British autority
What three steps did the U.S. government take to combat wartime inflation?
venezualian boundary adjustment
gold discovered--created a dispute over who owned the land-- US or UK?
Battle of Tippecanoe
Tecumseh & the prophet form confederation and are defeated by William Henry Harrison; makes many americans suspicious of british aid and stirred up talk of canadian invasion
Sherman Silver Purchase
The _________________ Act made the Treasury buy more silver but President Cleveland got rid of the bill.
Hull House
a community center in Chicago for immigrants
Transcontinental Treat
Agreement between the US and Spain that extended America's southern boundaries to the Pacific Coast.
Bull Moose Party
The progressive party formed to support Teddy Roosevelt's candidacy for president in 1912.
George Creel
Leader of the Committee on Public Information
white flight
cost cities millions of middle class people and their taxes
Wabash River
Pan Indian force defeats the American Army; biggest defeat ever; washing asked Indians for peace and Little Turtle said 'No. Not unless y'all don't take your land in the Ohio River Valley'; in the end, the Indians got a lot of the Ohio River Valley
Boston Massacre
The first bloodshed of the Amercan Revolution, as British guards at the Boston Customs House opened fire on a crowd killing five americans
Great Migration
emigration of Puritans from England to the Americas in the 1630s
william howe
br commander withdrew forces from N engl, fought GW forces throughout middle colonies
Industrial Revolution
the economic changes of the late 1700's when manufacturing replaced farming as main form of work
18th Amendment
made it illegal to sell alcoholic drinks anywhere in the United States
oil industry
an industry that produces and delivers oil and oil products
Eugene Debs
Socialist leader who denounced WWI as 'having the master class declaring war with the subjects fighting it.' He was given 10 years in prison, though pardoned by Harding after 3. While in prison, he still received votes as he ran for president.
Stamp Act
for raising revenue in the American Colonies, a plan requiring stamps and stamped paper for official documents and commercial writing
national debt
total sum of money a government owes (u.s.)
Huey Long
also known as the Kingfish, was a different type of demagogue, won governorship of Louisiana and later became a senator, and worked to help the underprivileged, improving educate, medical care, and public services
D.C. Stevenson
this kkk member is responsible for the rise and fall of the KKK in Indiana due to his horrific assault of a young white woman. They got her drunk, raped her, and when she found out, she committed suicide and he could have prevented it b/c he was there but didn't. He was charged with manslaughter An influential member of the republican party.
Lend Lease Act*
(FDR) , 1941 March; Congress' act which allied the president to lend or sell war materials to any country he deemed vital to that country's defense, had to return things though, Taft was against, used "gum theory"
Black Tuesday
name given to October 29, 1929, when stock prices fell sharply
limited test ban treaty
prohibits nuclear weapons tests "or any other nuclear explosion" in the atmosphere, in outer space, and under water
Pusan Perimeter
A small pocket of territory near the port of Pusan
Fletcher vs. Peck
Ruled that state could not interfere with an individual's property rights
Industrialization 1865
The United states had access to many different trades, Railroads
signmund freud
austrian who played a leading role in developing the field of psychoanalysis, known for his theory that the sex drive underlies much individual behavior.
who were the largest empire of the early american civilization?
The Inca
Joseph Smith
a Mormon who founded the church in New York State and believed that property should be held in common and supported polygamy
Battle at king's Mountain
Loyalists were defeated in this fierce battle, lifted patriot morale, in South Carolina
War Industries Board
(WW) , Headed by Bernard Baruch, could order businesses to support war by building more plants, etc.
Tenure of Office Act
Congressional act passed on March 2, 1867 which limited the president's appointment powers and led to the impeachment of President Andrew Johnson in 1868.
World War 1
Was also known as the Great War. Introduced much new military technology. Pitted the Allies against the Central Powers. Began with the assassination of the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne.
What influenced the Wilmot Proviso
Opposition intensified, Polk wanted to end the war
lincoln's 10% plan
for any state, 1/10 of the qualified voters must take a loyalty vote to become a state again
BLANK: The law made it a crime to criticize by speech or writing the government or Constitution.
The Sedition Act
U.S. Entry in WWI
The United States wanted to get back the money that was loaned to the allies and they were worried that if the allies lost, they would not get their money back.
The sinking of the Lusitania (was a British passenger liner that was torpedoed by Germany and sank of the coast of Ireland on May 7, 1915, with the loss of 1,198 live of those 128 Americans). Two other reasons for the United States to join the war was because of German Submarine Warfare and the Zimmerman Note.
The Battle of Yorktown
This was the winning battle of the Revolution and what made the French alliance so important. We had them cornered by both land and by sea thanks to the French.
What three factors fueled the new American Imperialism?
desire for military strength, thirst for new markets, and belief in cultural superiority
What did the Monroe Doctrine state?
The US would consider any European interference in the nations of the Americas as an unfriendly act.
What are some reasons why the americans won the american revolution?
because british was far away from home,British had to fight over a wide area and americans were familiar with the geography
Why was WWI called a "modern" war?
Because they used modern wepons such as machine guns
How did the building of the Panama Canal support United States efforts to become a world power?
By providing a shortcut between the Atlantic Ocean and Pacific Ocean, it opened up new trading oppurtunities
Why does 1877 mark the end of the civil war?
The Union soldiers were taken out of the south
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