American History 116 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
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Preacher
Lyman Beecher
Funding at par
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Sudetenland
German-speaking area of Czechoslovakia, ceded to Germany in the Hitler- Chamberlain Munich meeting (September 1938).
17th
Popular Election of Senators
38% tariff rates
Fordney-McCumber Tariff
Writs of Assistance
General Search Warrants
Cartier
Discovered the St.Lawrence River, Montreal, Newfoundland was a single island, and searched for the NW Passage
Slave compromise at constitutional convention
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House of Representatives
decided election of 1824
Sojourner Truth
-Women's rights activist and abolitionist
-Gave "Ain't I a Woman" speech calling for equal rights for whites, blacks, men, and women
Powhatan
Wahunsonacock, called this by the English after the name of his tribe, was the powerful, charismatic chief of numerous Algonquian-speaking towns in eastern Virginia representing over 10,000 Indians.
Anarchist
political radicals who favor no government
president impeached after the Civil War
Johnson
Joseph Pulitzer
United States newspaper publisher (born in Hungary) who established the Pulitzer prizes (1847-1911)
KKK
Ku Klux Klan- targeted African Americans, Catholics, Jews, immigrants and other groups believed to represent "un-American values"
Executive branch
that President and his cabinet.
James Madison
Though a Republican, this man supported many Federalist programs such as tariffs, a national bank, and some national development programs.
socialists
these people opposed world war I because they saw it as an imperialist struggle
Southerners believed they had a real chance of winning the Sivil War based on
A) all of the above.
B) their belief that southern men were physically tougher than northern men.
C) the righteousness of their cause and the character of the southern people.
D
A
a person buying goods or using services
consumer
Allied Powers
United States, France, Great Britain, and later Soviet Union
Lord North
1770's-1782 King George III's stout prime minister (governor during Boston Tea Party) in the 1770's. Lord North's rule fell in March of 1782, which therefore ended the rule of George III for a short while.
Big Stick Diplomacy:
Theodore Roosevelt's foreign policy calling for active, aggressive U.S. action to keep international order, thereby promoting US interests including peace, international trade, and (in Roosevelt's view) civilization among lesser cultures, especially in the Western Hemisphere. His big stick was the US navy with its new steel-plated battleships.
Using the method called "Total War," William Tecumseh Sherman's forces destroyed everything that could be of ______ to the South.
help
National self-determination
What did freedom mean to Garveyites?
national debt
the amount a nation's government owes
Pool
an association of companies for some definite purpose
What British leader opposed the Munich agreement?
Churchill.
proposed idea of 19th amendment
susan b anthony
Gadsden Purchase
Strip of land in present-day Arizona and New Mexico that was acquired by the U.S. in 1853 for $10 million.
Rebate
A ________ is a partial refund to favored customers.
Marbury v. Madison
Significant in the Supreme Court because it ruled that a part of the Judiciary Act was unconstitutional, and therefore has the right to declare laws unconsitutional upon exmination in a case brought to the Court.
Bladensburg
Village in MD taken by the British just before their march to Washington.
point 4 program
400 million for technical developement . latin america
Reparations
Germany has to pay over 20 billion dollars in reparations
What was FDR's first act as president
Bank holiday
Judiciary Act
established the court system the way it is today; circuit courts; supreme courts have the final say; set judicial system
Subsistence Farming
farming that provides for the basic needs of the farmer without surpluses for marketing
Second Great Awakening
religious waves of spiritual fervor which, beginning in 1800, resulted in reorganizing churches, reform, abolitionism and temperance movements
richard henry lee
resolutions on independence in Cont congress
John Tyler
Harrisons running mate in the 1840 presidential election
Temperance Movement
people against the use of alcoholic beverages
self determination
belief that people in a territory should have the ability to choose their own government
Herbert Hoover
President during the start of the Depression. Asked banks and industries not to lay off workers. Helped poor and cold get food and shelter, but his plans unraveled as the money he sent to companies rarely reached the workers. Popularity dwindled when unemployment was @ 20% in 1932. Sent military force against Bonus March.
brigade
a convoy of canoes, sleds, wagons, or pack animals used to supply trappers in the 18th- and 19th-century Canadian and U.S. fur trade
civil rights
right or rights belonging to a person by reason of citizenship including especially the fundamental freedoms and privileges guaranteed by the 13th and 14th amendments and subsequent acts of Congress including the right to legal and social and economic equality
Battle of Saratoga
the turning point of the American Revolution
Two Power Standard
British fleet will continue to be strengthened until it can defeat any 2 fleets combined.
Zimmermann Note
(WW) , 1917, a secret document to Mexico that said Germany would help them regain lost territories in Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico if they joined the war on the Central Powers side
Pentagon Papers
Work that was critical of the U.S. involvement in Vietnam from presidents Eisenhower to Nixon
George patton
Known as "Old Blood and Guts," George S. Patton, Jr. was one of the most colorful generals of World War II. During World War II he served in North Africa and Sicily before becoming the commander of the Third Army.
Project Verona
Purpose of this was to crack the soviet spy code.
We do our part.
Slogan for NRA/National Recovery Act in Great Depressions
The London Company
also called the virginia company. in 1609 it obtained a new charter from the king, which increased its power over the colony, and enlarged the area of land to which it had title
fordney-mccumber tariff
tariff passed by congress in 1922 to protect domestic production from foreign competitors; it raised tariff to record levels and provoked foreign tariff reprisals.
Sam Houston
the commander in chief of the Texas' forces
Gone with the Wind
Movie dealing with the life of Southern Plantation owners during the Civil War- one of the most popular films of all time
Civil Rights Act of 1875
prohibited keeping people out of public places on the basis of race & racial discrimination.
Reconstruction Act
(AJohn) 1867 , Law that threw out the southern state governments that had refused to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment
Credit Mobilier:
One of the major scandals of the Grant administration (revealed by the New York Sun in 1872), this was actually the name of the construction company for the Union Pacific Railroad set up by promoters of the railroad in order to divert to themselves about 50% of the claimed expenses for constructing the transcontinental railroad. They received bonds, work contracts, and land grants in exchange for giving congressmen gifts of money, stock, and railroad lands.
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
Thomas Jefferson at age 23.
Sphere of Influence
section of a country where one foreign nation enjoys special rights and powers
Who was one of the best conductors on the Underground Railroad and was also known as "Moses of her people"?
Harriet Tubman
cowboys, Indians, former Western lawmen, and Ivy League athletes
Who did the Rough Riders consist of?
United Mine Workers Strike
strike of coal miners for higher wages and recognition of union; mine owners refused to negotiate; workers won shorter work day and higher pay, but they didn't get their union recognized
Battle of Bunker Hill
The battle that help to build American confidence that the colonial militia could stand up to one of the world's most feared armies.
Orson Welles's War of the Worlds
showed the influence of radio by creating panic
Where did charles lindberg begin his flight across atlantic
"Roosevelt Field, Long Island, New York"
John C. Crittenden and Crittenden Compromise
series of amendments to work out fight would protect institution of slavery, fails
Which of the following statements about the Senate is true?
The senate has two members or senators per state.
crime rate, lack of resources/jobs, increased traffic, transportation, overcrowding, alcoholism, sanitation
Problems of life in the inner city - industrial era:
Why did the US decide to drop atomic bombs on Japn?
wanted to end the war without losing more american lives- Japanese wouldn't surrenderthe
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