American History 52 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
harding
miller
Alien
A noncitizen
fiscal
Concerning public finances-expenditures and revenues.
Battle of Saratoga
...
Matthew Brady
Civil War Photographer
DISCREET
CAREFUL, SHOWING GOOD JUDGEMENT.
Fascism
something that stressed nationalism and placed the interests of the states above those of individuals that started with Mussolini
speakeasy
place that illegally sold alcohol
plantation
a colony or new settlement
Gage
British military governor of Boston
Articles of Confederation Congress COULD NOT
impose taxes
Mayflower Compact
The framework of self-government written by the Pilgrims
Earth Day
this event protested environmental problems
NATO
North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries
True
After the Haymarket Affair, employers took the opportunity to paint the labor movement as a dangerous and un-American force prone to violence and controlled by foreign-born radicals.
True or False
Andrew Carnegie
United States industrialist and philanthropist who endowed (supplied) education and public libraries and research trusts
 
 
 
 
Emilio Aguinaldo


-Aguinaldo became the Philippines' first President. He was also the youngest (at age 29) to have become the country's president, and the longest-lived (having survived to age 94).

-Filipino general, politician, and independence leader. He played an instrumental role during the Philippines' revolution against Spain, and the subsequent Philippine-American War that resisted American occupation.
How long do the troops stay?
1 year
Hepburn Act
The ______________ made the Interstate Commerce Commission very strong & it regulated railroad rates.
Langston Hughes
African American poet who described the rich culture of African American life using rhythms influenced by jazz music. He wrote of African American hope and defiance, as well as the culture of Harlem and had a major impact on the Harlem Renaissance.
Sugar Act
ordered customs officials to their posts, lowered tax of foreign sugar to price of British sugar
Fifteenth Amendment
Amendment that extended voting rights to all male citizens regardless of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
Benjamin Franklin
great American, scientist, Diplomat of Revolution, writer, technician, publisher, continental congress, constitution, peace treaty, bifocals
Clayton Antitrust Act
Seeking to prevent anticompetitive practices in their incipiency-Trying to outlaw practices that were considered harmful to consumers
Ohio Gang
Harding's "advisors" who played poker, drank, and smoked with him in the White House
Saratoga
o Turning point of the American Revolution
o Important because first major general colonials are able to defeat
o Allow French to openly give systems to the Americans to win this war
19th Amendment
Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (1920) extended the right to vote to women in federal or state elections.
Boston "Massacre"
when the colonists provoked the British to fire their guns and the British killed 5 men and boys
Vicksburg
Vicksburg Campaign - series of battles in the Western Theater of the American Civil War directed against Vicksburg, Mississippi, a fortress city that dominated the last Confederate-controlled section of the Mississippi River.
Siege of Vicksburg - the final major military action in the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War. Ulysses S. Grant and his army crossed the Mississippi and drove teh Confederate Army back.
In 1848 California experienced a __________ that rapidly increased its population
Gold Rush
Why were manufacturing mills built in New England?
get
Carolinas
King Charles granted a charter for a new colony in the area of the Carolinas because a few settler from Virginia had moved south beyond Virginia's borders. This area was called Carolina. The northern part developed slowly while the southern part grew rapidly, in part due to tobacco. Slaves were brought to grow sugar, and rice.
holocaust
the name given to the mass slaughter of Jews and other groups by the Nazis during WWII
Coney Island
Public amusement park opened in New York in 1895; it featured roller coasters, water slides, and fun houses.
jim crow laws
Laws designed to enforce segregation of blacks from whites1876
Fort Sumter
Federal fort in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina; the confederate attack on the fort marked the start of the Civil War
Kinache
The Seminole leader who warned the US to stay out of Florida
Proclamation of 1763
A proclamation from the British government which forbade British colonists from settling west of the Appalacian Mountains, and which required any settlers already living west of the mountains to move back east. ANGERED AND UNITED COLONISTS AGAINST ENGLAND
Indigenous
native to; growing out of a particular region or country
NOV, 22 1963
on what date was JFK killed
absolute monarch
ruler with complete control over the government and the lives of the people.
Douglas MacArthur
Led the army against the Bonus Army.
Boston Tea Party
demonstration (1773) by citizens of Boston who (disguised as Indians) raided three British ships in Boston harbor and dumped hundreds of chests of tea into the harbor.
Edwin Stanton
secratary of war (radical) who was cooperating with the radicals, The Tenure Office Act was protecting him from losing his position
George Creel-
Head of the Committee of Public Information. The nation’s first propaganda agency to advertise the war.
Little Rock 9
9 students chosen to integrate Central HS
Could have negatively affected academic performances
consolidated public schools, mass testing, standardized education
Because of BLANK the war got so big. Because the big countries (France, Britain Russia) where allied with Serbia, they joined into protect Serbia.
alliances,
Andrew Johnson Reconstruction Plan
all white-male Southerners take a loyalty oath to the Union
Marcus Garvey
Many poor urban blacks turned to him. He was head of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and he urged black economic cooperation and founded a chain of UNIA grocery stores and other business
Bonus Army
Group of WWI vets. that marched to D.C. in 1932 to demand the immediate payment of their goverment war bonuses in cash
joint-stock comapany
a company whose capital is owned in shares by stockholders, any one of whom can sell some or all of his shares without the consent of the othesr
Williams Jennings Bryan
a young congressman from Nebraska who became most prominent advocate of "free silver" in the early 1890's
Seneca Falls Convention
first womans rights convention held in Seneca Falls New York
Virginia Plan
A plan that proposed to scrape the Articles of Confederation entirely and creating a new national government with the power to make laws.
24th Amendment
banned poll taxes on blacks in order to vote
Who was the French minister who caused the XYZ Affair?
Minister Talleyrand
FDR's Brain Trust
group of people served as council for FDR, not cabinet members but scholars to help him get the US out of the Depression
Stephen Douglas
set out to open Kansas and Nebraska to slavery in exchange for support of a western railroad to start in Chicago
Battle of the Marne
fought between September 5th and 12th, 1914, saved Paris from invasion by the Germans and boosted French morale.
chain stores
a group of retail outlets owned by the same company
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Treaty that ended the Mexican War, granting the U.S. control of Texas, New Mexico, and California in exchange for $15 million
Rosa Parks
Arrested for not moving to the back of a bus for a white man and started the bus boycotts
Bartolome de Las Casas
Spanish preist who asked the king of Spain to protect the Africans and enslave the Native Americans
u-2 spy plane
us set up planes spying on usser and got shot down
3 Components of Lincoln's plan
1. Emancipation Procl. 1863
2. Proc of Amnesty and Reconstruction.
3. Gettysburg Address
germany's resumption of submarine activity
disregard for the sussex pledge, we sever diplomatic relations with the germans-- killed the crews of 5 american ships
160 acres of western public land.
The Homestead Act of 1862 offered settlers
Two causes of the rise of dictatorships after WWI were
The peace treaty and economic depression
Pure food and Drug act- (Because of the jungle.)
Forbidding manufacture and sales of adulterated labeled products.
3. Briefly discuss Cortes' impact on Mexico
- Cortes' impact on Mexico was very strong. He was cruel and tricked the Indians into believing he was a God. He told them that if they wouldn't give him Gold, he would die. He disrupts the Indians way of life. He uses the Indians as slaves to make him richer.
how did luck lead to age of exploration?
Columbus landed near the areas in the Americas with the most obvious wealth, Europeans brought lots of diseases to South America
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