American History 54 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Andrew Jackson
adj-quick and unthorough;hasty;superficial
compulsory military service
a small Tennessee church
first secratary of state
New Frontier
President Kennedy's legislative program which included proposals to provide medical care for the elderly, to rebuild blighted urban areas, to aid education, to bolster the national defense, to increase international aid, and to expand the space program
government corporation that protected bank accounts
person who supported American independence.
saved jamestown with military discipline
Articles of Confederation Congress COULD
print currency
What did Wilson immediately declare when the war broke out?
political party begun by the antifederalists
George Gershwin
United States composer who incorporated jazz into classical forms and composed scores for musical comedies (1898-1937)
Moral Majority
Jerry Falwell created the _________.
Studebaker Family
successful up until Great Depression-­‐one of the last independent automakers left-­‐innovative—produced first
compact cars -­‐by 1963, gives up because they were unable
to compete with the big auto makers
Missouri Compromise
-1820: 36*30' line
-Missouri and Maine admitted
-Maine added as a free state to balance out Missouri as slave state 
What did the National Security Act establish?
Roosevelt Johnson
_____________ was disillusioned of how Taft was running the government & in 1912 he ran again(this time as a 3rd Party candidate) for president in 1912. His progressive ideas were called New Nationalism. His vice president was ____________.
Billy Mitchell
American general who supported the development of air power in the military.
Halfway Covenant
if parents were saints, could automatically participate in
Compromise of 1877
Compromise in which republicans promised not to dispute with democratic gubernatorial victories in the south and to withdraw federal troops from the region, if southern democrats accepted Hayes's presidential victory and respected the rights of black citizens.
Mexican War
begins when Zachary Taylor defeats Santa Anna at Palo Alto and then captures Monterey, Mexico. The American Navy occupies Monterey, Californa and San Francisco.
17th amendment
Established direct election of US Senators by popular vote
Supersedes Article 1 of the Constitution
Square Deal
Theodore Roosevelt's promise of fair and equal treatment for all
Boston Massacre
(1770) an incident where British soldiers fired into a crowd of colonists, killing five people; took place at the Boston Customs House
Missionary Diplomacy
Woodrow Wilson's policy contingent on the belief that it was America's responsibility and destiny to spread its institutions and values to the far corners of the globe
a form of communication that convinces someone to think the same way you think
John Brown
Revolutionary abolitionist in the US, who practiced armed rebellion as a means to abolish slavery for good. Led the Pottawatomie Massacre (1866) in which five men were killed in Bleeding Kansas. Made his name in the unsuccessful raid at Harpers Ferry in 1859. Tried and executed for treason against the state of Virginia, murder, and conspiracy. Has been called "the most controversial of all 19th-century Americans."
Henry Clay
Kentucky Senator who provided the basic ideas for the compromise of 1850.
How did Andrew Jackson respond, when Congress voted to extend the charter of the Bank of the US?
Tidewater Region
Along the coast of the Southern Colonies
Major feature was the plantation. Divided the white community into a small group of wealthy people who lived in this region
Civil Defense
protective measures in case of attack (ie vol. spotters scanned the skies for enemy aircraft)
Contract Labor Law
Passed in 1885, this prohibited employers from forcing immigrants to work to pay off the costs of their passage to America.
New Deal
series of programs FDR created to combat the Great Depression
Siege of Vicksburg
1863 Union army's blockade of Vicksburg, Mississippi, that led the city to surrender of Confederates during the Civil War
Anti-Masonic Party
The political party that created the national nominating convention and the written party platform
supporter; one who argues in favor of something
skilled workers were well off in most cases and 1,000 a year which was middle class salary.
the voting rights act of 1965 was passed after the violent crackdown on demonstrators in this alabama city
the colonists who were ready to be soldiers
Stocks on Margin
Americans made only small payments with the rest coming as a loan form a stockbroker.
Taxes on trades; In return for the import tax, congress guarantees it cannot tax exports.
Congressional Reconstruction
in 1867 and 1877 rebuilding the devastated South by extending the ideas of liberty, equality, and opportunity to African Americans, included a list of things southerners had to do before being brought back into the union. involved the Military Reconstruction Act of 1867 and the 14th and 15th amendments.
Alvis York
a war hero. A born-again Christian. Initially opposed war on moral grounds. Eventually, became comfortable with the war effort as it was an important cause.
What is the goal of NOW?
to end job discrimination
Spirit of St. Louis
The name of Charles Lindbergh's plane
Ghost Dance
A ritual performed by the Sioux that expressed their culture that was being destroyed.
sioux tribe
all pary of the same nation even though miles apart.
Enola Gay
the name of the American B-29 bomber, piloted by Col. Paul Tibbets, Jr., that dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, on Aug. 6, 1945.
National Origins Act (1924)
A law that severely restricted immigration by establishing a system of national quotas that blatantly discriminated against immigrants from southern and eastern Europe and virtually excluded Asians. The policy stayed in effect until the 1960s.
a person who leaves his own country or region to settle in another
Industrial Revolution
Using water power and steam- a major change in ways of manufacturing
treaty of paris
an agreement signed by great britain and france that brought an end to the french and indian war
Henry Hudson
An English navigator that was hired by The Dutch East India Company in 1609 to find a route through North American to the Pacific.
Watts Riot
lasted 6 days, started in a Los Angeles ghetto that started because of polics brutality but was carried on because blacks were tired of poverty, prejudice, and police
The initial stimulus for the revolution came from whom?
wealthy merchants and planters
FDR's executive order 9066
order that stated the internment of Japanese Americans because they were a threat to American security
Bonus Army
a group of World War I veterans who march on Washington demanding the immediate payment of bonuses which the government had promised would be paid them in 1945
Treaty of Breast-Litovsk
was a treaty signed by Vladimir Lenin with Germany to end Russia's participation in the war. It surrendered Poland, the Ukraine, and other territory to the Germans.
A.E.F. (American Exploration Force)
United States armed forces sent to Europe in WWI
John C. Calhoun
The 7th Vice President of the United States and a leading Southern politician from South Carolina during the first half of the 19th century. He was an advocate of slavery, states' rights, limited government, and nullification.
Greek-Turkish Aid Bill (1947)
Bill that gave money to these governments in order to help them prevent communist takeovers
tennessee valley authority
the most far reaching of all the new deal programs
Battle of Guildford Court House
cornwallace won it, losses so heavy but started retreating to the north
gold discovered in Black Hills in this state
North and South dakota
white house conference of 1902
between mine owners and john mitchell (pres of united mine workers)--came to terms: 10% wage increase, 9 hour work day, no union recognition still
one third of the United States population were immigrants, or the children of immigrants.
Before United States involvement, many Americans felt personally involved with the war between the Allies and the Central Powers because
What methods did the Nazis use to kill the occupants of the concentration camp?
gases, extermination camps, starvation, death marches, and they burned them.
Why did latecomers to the Midwest set their sights on California and Oregon?
because emigrants assumed that the Great Plains contained poor land for farming.
the basic diffrence between the french and indain war and the seven years war?
seven wars in Europe and the french and Indian war was in america
What were some parts of the treaty that promised future trouble?
1) British made no attempt to protect land interests of their Native American allies. 2) Treaty did say when British would leave American forts
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