American History MIdterm Exam Flashcards

Terms Definitions
civilization
advanced culture
James Madison
...
AAA
Agricultural Adjustment Administration: attempted to regulate agricultural production through farm subsidies; reworked after the Supreme Court ruled its key provisions unconstitutional in 1936; coordinated agricultrual production during WWII, after which it was disbanded
William G. Sumner
Social Darwinist
When was the Reconstruction
1877
Anticipate
to look forward to
all tribes believed in
nature spirits
Inflation
the rate that prices increase
Miranda v. State of Arizona
...
Clarence Darrow
Famous Lawyer of the day
Americanization movement
assimilated people of wide-ranging cultures into the dominant culture
grassroots "bottom up"
carrie chamna catt's technique
Metacom
Wampanoag cheif who resented Puritain restrictions
florence kelly
advocate for women and children
presidio
a fortress established in the southwestern United States by the Spanish in order to protect their missions and other holdings
exporting
sending goods out of the country
Monstrosity
Something that is huge and ugly
Christianity
~2000 years ago, one god, 10 Commandments and teachings of Jesus. Idea of salvation - everlasting life
Recall
a procedure for removing a public official from office by a vote of the people
9 days, 3 minutes, 44 seconds
Voyager launch
General Montgomery
Commander of all ground forces (D-Day)
irrigation
The early people of the southwest adapted to the desert by creating networks of _______________ ditches so that they could farm the land.
The Allies
Britain, France, Russia, and later Italy were all part of the what?
Philip Randolph
an African American labor leader, helped atchive writes in 1941
Valley Forge
Pennsylvania's site of the Continental Army.
States' rights
Powers that the constitution nethier gives the federal government nor denies to the states
Massachusetts.
John Winthrop was the first governor of what colony?
fugitive
a runaway or trying to run away
Hartford Convention (1814)
Constitutional amendments to reduce the power of the southanti-war
Henry Clay
*Senator from Kentucky*Author of the Missouri Compromise and Compromise of 1850
dissenters
those who did not conform to the church of england
popular sovereignty
people in territory decide how state should handle slavery
Steerage
a large open area beneath a ship's deck, often used to house traveling immigrants
Thomas Jefferson
Wanted the US to be agriculturally based, and wanted to follow the Constitution strictly (don't read in between the lines of the Constitution)
Thomas C. Corcoran
"Tommy the Cork" non-official cabinet member under FDR
missionaries
people who travel to a territory or community in order to make converts to their religion.
conservative
People who are pro death penalty are more likely to be conservative or liberal?
Imperialism occurs when a large nation attempts to take over a much smaller country. This can be done culturally, economically, militarily, or politically. The United States tended so do so economically, but we definitely used our military and tried to in
Define imperialism
T/F The Soviet Union resented the use of the atomic bomb because it was created without their assistance
False
common law
English tradition of laws based on previous court decisions
Pragmatism
In Muller vs. Oregon the Supreme Court made a decision based more on ____, rather than precedents, to protect women workers.
BLANK: that mandated full disclosure of information about stocks for sale.
Federal Securities Act
Saratoga
Burgoyne lost, had to turn over his troops, because it was a good win for the US they were able to establish an alliance with the French
Admiral Nimitz
Leader of navy forces in the Pacific
the red scare
the american fear of commnism, anarchism, mmigrants
religion
the body of persons adhering to a particular set of beliefs and practices.
Vladamir Lenin
Pulled Russia out of WW1 after first seizing power.
Dutch colonies
New Jersey and New York- small groups, mixed with english, protestant
frank w. woolsworth
started first 5 and 10 cent stores.
Peace in Nicaragua
(GB1) 5 central american countries end the civil war their, violeta chamotto won presidency over sadinistas in 1990, now free to farm land
Freedmen's Bureau
formed to help newly freed slaves and poor whites after the Civil War
-The 13th Amendment
it abolished slavery from all the states
John C. Calhoun
South Carolina Senator - advocate for state's rights, limited government, and nullification
what the government created
public schools, railroads, roads, and hospitals
Manhattan Project
developed a atomic bomb for use in World War II
Self-determination
the idea that people who belong to a nation should have their own country and government
Peace Corps
sent college kids to fight instead of troops; to become modern and create infrastructure
What happened to women's jobs when soldiers returned home?
lost their factory jobs
Dr. Francis Townsend
New Deal critic who focused on the needs of older Americans; his ideas for a pension plan for retirees contributed to the formation of Social Security
Blanche K. Bruce
an African American Senator, who was a former slave, He taught in a school for African Americans in Missouri when the war began. He then went to Mississippi, entered politics, and became a superintendent of schools.
railroad tracks
by 1860 a network of 31,000 miles of ____ united the Midwest and the East (:
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin" that was the single most persuasive instrument of anti-slavery propoganda.
King George's War
1740s, this was a continuation of the war of Jenkins ear, fought in the old and new worlds, and nothing was settled
The Federalists were gone but still ____??
supported the programs existed
Committee of Foreign relations
What does Wilson submit the Treaty of Versailles to?
no taxation without representation
Colonists did not want people far away to tell them what taxes to pay, especially since others in England did not pay the same taxes
in the late 1930s, movies
often provided a temporary escape for struggling Americans
Colonial American taverns were all of the following except
frequented mainly by the lower class
What was the Kansas-Nebraska Act, and how did it set off the violence in Kansas in 1845-55?
slavery is wanted so compromise repealed; Nebraska= free stae, Kansas= slave. Violence with seperate govt. forming & cheating voters
What were the two islands that welcomed immigrants to the U.S.?
Ellis Island (New York) and Angel Island (San Francisco)
Name one problem that led to the Civil War.
Slavery
Economic reasons
States' rights
What role did religion, slave songs, & stories play in slave life ?
strength & moral purpose, had meanings & codes towards masters, represented physical bondage
What was the impact of the war on human life, on the economy, and on America's ideals?
more deaths from diseas than from war & battle wounds, economic loss because agriculture diminished, & lingering resentment from Mississippi
/ 73
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online