American Pageant Key Terms Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Secular
Not church-affiliated
sisters who championed antislavery
grimke
wore short skirt with trousers
bloomer
bond
In finance, an interest-bearing certificate issued by a government or business that guarantees repayment to the purchaser on a specified date at a predetermined rate of interest.
sabotage
International destruction or damage of goods, machines, or productive processes.
temperance
Campaigns for voluntary commitment to moderation or total abstinence in the consumption of liquor.
Whiskey Rebellion
Rebellion in Pennsylvania against Hamilton's taxes on whiskey, much like the Stamp Act Rebellions. After crushing it, Washington gained new respect
Alexander Hamilton
Secretary of Treasury under Washington
Amish
Of German origin, these people were originally Anabaptist and would settle in Western Pennsylvania and Eastern Ohio. Many today live the same way their ancestors did 200-300 years ago.
middlemen
In commerce, those who stand between the producer and the retailer or consumer.
Herbert Hoover
31st President of the United States
Abraham Lincoln
Whig congressman who pushed for specific information on where American blood had been shed on American land, to prevent unnecessary conflict
Fiume
Italy wanted this land. but wilson wanted it for Yugoslavia
Cortés
sailed from Cuba with eleven ships; picked up Indian slave Malinche who served as an interpretor; learned of Aztec gold; marched in Tenochtitlan; initially treated well, but he laid siege on Aztecs
George Grenville
British Prime Minister Architect of the Sugar Act; his method of taxation and crackdown on colonial smuggling were widely disliked by Americans. He passed the Stamp Act arguing that colonists received virtual representation in Parliament
visible saints
In Calvinism, those who publicly proclaimed their experience of conversion and were expected to lead godly lives. "The most devout Puritans...believed that only '________'...should be admitted to church membership." (p.44)
Spanish Armada
the great fleet sent from Spain against England by Philip II in 1588
Depreciate
To decrease in value, as in the decline of the purchasing power of money.
Francisco Pizarro
(17) A Spanish conquistador; In 1532, he destroyed Incan civilization
Bacon's Rebellion
A rebellion led against the Indians because of Governor Berkeley's refusal to get rid of Indians. It was quickly stopped after the death of its leader
Global impact of the war of 1812
Globally unimportant
Little Turtle
native american leader who led native american confederacy against americans in the battle of fallen timbers
(Louis) Brandeis
in 1916 W. Wilson nominated this progressive to the Supreme court, first Jewish sup. justice
Social pyramid
social structure in shape of pyramid, layers representing different social statuses.
carpetbagger
A Norther politician who came south to exploit the unsettled conditions after the Civil War.
Proprietor
One who is granted a license by the Crown to take control of a colony
convention of 1800
Treaty between France and the United States that annulled their alliance, while America agreed to pay damage claims of American shippers.
Leisler's Rebellion
A rebellion in New York City, caused by the overthrowing of James I. The revolution inspired colonists to rid themselves of ruling authorities
Where was progressivism popular?
Progressivism was very popular in cities, as well as in mid-western states.
Buying on margin
an option that allows investors to purchase a stock for only a fraction of its price and borrow the rest
New Jersey Campaign
Washington's campaign as an attempt to boost troop morale.
What admendments were passed during Woodrow Wilson's Presidency?
17th, 18th and 19th
Mound Builders
(8) A group of Indians based in the Ohio River valley
Dutch West India Company
Trading company chartered by the Dutch government to conduct its merchants' trade in the Americas and Africa
French and Indian War
this struggle between the British and the French in the colonies of the North America was part of a worldwide war known as the Seven Years' War
Ferdinand of Aragon
(13) The king of Spain and husband of Isabella of Castille, he was partially responsible for uniting Spain.
Battle of Bull Run
July 21, 1861. Va. (outside of D.C.) People watched battle. Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson: Confederate general, held his ground and stood in battle like a "stone wall." Union retreated. Confederate victory. Showed that both sides needed training and war would be long and bloody
Henry Ford, (Ransom E.) Olds
are the two men who developed the infantile automotive industry.
Who held out until 1781 to ratify the Articles of Confederation?
It was Maryland! The larger states (New York and Virginia) were able to sell off land to pay war debt and Maryland wanted some of New York. The problem was solved by giving some of New York to the Federal Government for the 'common benefit.'
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