AMSCO Book Key Terms Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Thirteenth Ammendment
Abolished slavery
Southern Republicans; former Whigs who supported economic development and peace
A country located near China; previously known as Formosa; the location of the Chinese Nationalist retreat
Fidel Castro
A communist revolutionary who overthrew the Cuban government in 1959; nationalized American businesses; drew support from Soviets; formed communist totalitarian state
Election of 1864
Democrat's candidate: George McClellan; Republicans became Unionists, chose Lincoln with Senator Andrew Johnson as VP; Lincoln won
Tweed Ring
Tweed's organization, which stole $200 million from New York taxpayers before they were uncovered by The New York Times
The Carolinas
Proprietorship in 1663, formed North and South Carolina in 1729; South Carolina - colonists from England, planters from Barbados; North Carolina - Farmers from New England, and Virginia - Worse transportation and harbors - smaller plantations, less slaves - democratic views and autonomy
Truman Doctrine
The first implementation of the Containment policy was the sending of $400 million to Greece and Turkey to prevent the spread of Communism
Thomas Dewey
Selected as the Republican candidate in the election of 1948; he had an overly cautious and unexciting campaign
Highway Act (1956)
Authorized construction of 42,000 miles of interstate highways linking major cities; created jobs, promoted trucking industry, accelerated the growth of the suburbs, and unified culture; hurt railroads and environment
An oil rich Middle Eastern country; CIA overthrew government and installed Reza Pahlavi, a foreign oil friendly dictator
Popular Campaigning
Appeals to the public through advertising and images; visiting public; grassroots campaigns
Common Man
The elimination of social classes; equality for white males; opportunity in proportion to their ability
Currency released by the Union during the war to fund the war; $430 million printed
Andrew Jackson
Confederate senator who was loyal to the Union, Lincoln's running mate in 1864; proclamed that all former leaders and officeholders of the Confederacy, and any Confederate with more then $20,000 were disenfranchised; Pardoned individuals, mainly wealthy planters
King Philip's War
(1675-1676) Thousands killed on both sides; dozens of villages burned; colonial forces killed King Philip and ended New England Indian resistance
George Kennan
An expert in Soviet Affairs who advised Truman during the Cold War
Open-Skies Crisis
A conflict between the United States over the proposal to allow aerial surveillance in both countries to prevent a surprise nuclear attack
Party Nominating Conventions
Large gatherings of party politicians and voters who nominated a party's candidates; replaced "King Caucus"
Specie Circular
Required federal lands to be purchased with gold or silver
David Farragut
Captured New Orleans with Union navy in April 1862
Robert E. Lee
A brilliant Confederate General, who became the commanedr of the South's Eastern forces
Hiram Revels
One of two black Senators from South; held Mississippi seat beginning in 1870
New York
1664, Charles II gave James II lands between Connecticut and Delaware Bay, dispatched a force took Dutch colony; taxes, duties, and rents without representation; met with resistance; 1683 gave governor civil and political rights and representative assembly
Marshall Plan
A plan by George Marshall to revive European economies; Marshall submitted a $17 billion European Recovery Program, and only $12 billion was approved and distributed to European Countries; the Soviet Union refused aid
Earl Warren
The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court in 1954
Committees of Correspondence
Organized by Samuel Adams in 1772; regularly exchanged letters about potentially dangerous British activities in Massachusetts; expanded by House of Burgesses in 1773 to be intercolonial
Worcester v. Georgia
1832; Supreme court ruled that Georgia had no force within the boundaries of the Cherokee land
Nicholas Biddle
The president of the Bank of the United States; arrogant
Morill Tariff Act (1861)
Raised Tariff rates to increase revenue and protect manufacturers
Blanche K. Bruce
One of two black senators sent to Congress by Southern states
Council of Economic Advisors
Designed to counsel the president and Congress on means of promoting economic welfare
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
A committee formed to organize student sit-ins and nonviolent protests
Sons and Daughters of Liberty
A secret society organized to intimidate tax agents; tared and feathered revenue officials and destroyed revenue stamps; organized boycotts on British imports
Anaconda Plan
A plan to use the navy to blocde southern ports to cut off essential supplies; control the Mississippi to divide the Confederacy; create an army of 500,000
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
Created in 1960 by Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iran, Iraq, and Venezuela
Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (1954)
A regional defense pact signed by the US, Great Britain, France, Australia, New Zealand, the Philippines, Thailand, and Pakistan; agreed to protect each other's asset in Southeast Asia
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