Anatomy 17 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
carry, bring
riñon (m)
neck region
cardiac muscle tissue
Cranal nerve XI
strongest type of cartilage
progressive, wavelike contractions that move foodstuffs through the alimentary tube organs
Medial rotation of the humerus
Adduction of the humerus
-change perception of pain/oxicotin
water on the brain
Common Uses of Electrolytes:Formation of ATP,DNA, and RNA
floating rib
no cartilage binging them
substance that stimulates the production of antibodies
drug administered for diagnostic purposes
graphic representation of voltage changes in brain tissue used to evaluate nerve tissue functions
serratus anterior
protract scapula
rotate scapula
ribs 1-9
ventral, medial border of scapula
Enter your back text here.
Femoral Sheath
-located w/in the femoral triangle
-contains the femoral artery, femoral vein, lymphatics (deep inguinal lymph node) and femoral canal
(*does not enclose the femoral nerve, the femoral nerve is lateral to the femoral sheath)
Lateral to medial=nerve artery vein lymph (NAV)
Name change of vessels occurs once they pass deep to inguinal ligament (iliac to femoral)
true or false  
in osmosis, movement of the water occurs towards the solution with the higher solute concentration
supported by a delicate hyoid apparatus and is nonprotrusible
golgi complex
stack of cisternae

modifies and packages proteins
synthesizes carbohydrates
This phase of fertilization occurse 12 hours post fertilization
located on the sphnoidal bone
palatine bones: palatine processes : on sides of top of mouth, vomer- on very bottom, for nasal. on hard palate
Intervertebral Disk
Annulus Fibrosus and Nucleus Pulposus
Organic Compounds
carbon containing coumpounds like lipids, carbs, proteins, and nucleic acids
star shape; don't completely wrap around axons; most abundant; space neurons and connect to blood supply
vascular tunic
choroid, ciliary body, and iris
Where are T-lymphocytes produced?
released by bone marrow
Humerus Bone
Largest of arm, elbow to shoulder
Interspinous ligament
attaches between the spinous processes of the verebrae and prevents them from opening up on one another
Cranial nerve V is the ________ nerve.
decreases the angle between the foot and the leg
splenius capitis
o: ligamentum nuchae, spinous process CV7 to TV3
i: occipital bone and mastoid process
A: pull hear posteriorly; turns head to same side
n: dorsal rami of cervical spinal nerves
Medial Pytergoids
Origin: lateral pytergoid plate and adjacent portions of palatine bone and maxilla. Insertion: Medail surface of mandibular ramus. Action: elevates the mandible and closes the jaws, moves mandible side to side. innervation: Trigeminal nerve
Repolarization resists:
sodium flow, the sodium channels close b/c there is alot of sodium on inside.
refers to all chemical reactions that occure within body cells
taeniae coli
3 separate longitudinal ribbons of smooth muscle
Blood cells, blood proteins, and platelets leave the glomeruli and go to the
efferent arterioles
Flexor Pollicis Brevis
Location: Thenar GroupAction: Flexes thumb
cricoid cartilage
the lowermost cartilage of teh larynx
of, pertaining to, or affecting the stomach and intestines
plasma membrane
separates inside of cell from outside
The one muscle that is not a "hamstring" muscle is the...
Ulna Bone
Larger bond of lower arm, little finger side.
The science of body functions or how the body parts work.
spatial summation
integration of the effects of the neurotransmitters from several presynaptic neurons by a postsynaptic neuron is referred to as _______
3 Arches of the Foot
medial arch
lateral longitudinal arch
transverse arch
Pes anserinus
Conjoined tendons of 3 muscles at proximal tibia - the pes anserinus
Satorius (from the ilium and innervated by the femoral nerve)
Gracilis (from the pubis and innervated by the obturator nerve)
Semitendinosus (from the ischium and innervated by teh sciatic nerve)
Follicle cells produce what 2 components?
estrogen and progesterone
extension of the serosa, helps causing blood vessels from spreading infections into the abdominal cavity, mesentery and mesocolon, behind digestive tract, looks like and apron
rib sternal endvertebral end
know true ribs false ribs
the ____ is the tough, superficial outer meninge
dura mater
1. Parotid :drains into vestibule2. Submandibular : drains on either side of Frenulum3. Sublingual: drains in several openings on either side of sublingual fold
Papillae of tonge:
The heart is located behind the ____ of the anterior chest.
a bone or series of bones extending along the middle line of the ventral portion of the body of most vertebrates, consisting in humans of a flat, narrow bone connected with the clavicles and the true ribs; breastbone.
where is the atrioventricular (AV) node?
in right atrial floor
Simple epithelia
consist of a single cell layer. They are typically found where absorption, secretion, and filtration occur and a thin epithelial barrier is desirable.
Hypoglossal Nerve 12
Motor. Medulla. Motor innervation to tongue muscles and speech articulation
Autonomic Nervous System
The part of the nervous system responsible for control of the bodily functions not consciously directed, such as breathing, the heartbeat, and digestive processes. 
lingual nerve V3
sensory supply to anterior 2/3 of tongue loops down and around the submandibular duct. branches onto tongue
mechanisms that move the body back to normal function
negative feedback
Most of nasal septum is innervated by _
Nasopalatine nerve
Adductor Pollicis
ThenarO: Oblique head: base of 2nd and 3rd Metacarpals, Capitate.Transverse had: ant surface of 3rd MetacarpalI: Med side of base of prox phalanx of thumbA: Adducts, *opposes, *med rotatesInn: *Ulnar n. (deep branch)
concentration of H+ and OH- ions in a body fluid
medulla oblongata
the lowest or hindmost part of the brain, continuous with the spinal cord.
similarities between afferent and efferent
both have cell bodies, dendrites, axons
central (Haversian) canal
Central canal in an osteon system that contains blood vessels and nerves.
What makes up the Appendicular Girdles?
Pectoral Girdle - Scapula, ClaviclePelvic Girdle - Pelvic bones, Sacrum
What is the name of this bone?
Name the features
1) Head
2) Greater tubercle
3) Deltoid tuberosity
4) Olecranon fossa
5) Lateral epicondyle
6) Capitulum
7) Trochlea
8) Medial epicondyle
9) Radial groove
Splanchnocranium: bones of the _ - middle ear bones – _,_,_ - _ – connects the larnyx and tracheal cartilages to the skull
hyoid archincus, malleus, stapeshyoid
the bone of the thigh is blank to the surrounding skeletal muscles
interosseous membrane, forearm a fibrous membrane that connects the interosseous borders located on the shafts of the radius and the ulna
a syndesmosis; its fibers are oriented obliquely downward from the radius toward the ulna; the interosseous membrane is the classic example of a syndesmosis; proximally directed forces from the hand pass through the radius and are transferred to the ulna
kinds of extracellular fluids (7)
Referred to as the "body's internal environment".1. interstitial (between cells of tissues)2. plasma (in blood vessels)3. lymph4. cerebrospinal5. synovial6. aqueous humor (eye)7. vitreous body
nerve supply to the crichothyroid muscle
external branch of the superior laryngeal
actions of quadriceps femoris
extension at knee. RF also felxes and steadies hip joint.
what is not true about diffusion:
C) Goes from less to high
What is associated with the female libido?
androgen hormone, DHEA (secreted by the adrenal cortex
What is a hydration layer?
is when water forms a shield around large molecules like proteins protecting them from the effects of other charged substances and preventing them from settling out of the solution
Destruction of red blood cells. which is the incorrect statement?
A) greenish pigment biliverden is recycled and sent to the bone marrow
Which animals have a cartilage skeleton?
jawless fish and the class with sharks and rays
DeepO: b/w Ant and Inf Gluteal LinesI: Greater TrochanterA: Abducts, **Med rotatesInn: Sup Gluteal n.
Muscles of posterior compartment of thigh
Describe the 3 types of muscles grouped based on their primary actions.  (Ch. 9 pg. 253)
Agonists (aka prime movers) - a muscle whose contraction is chiefly responsible for producing a particular movement (ex. biceps brachii produces flexion of elbow)
Synergists - a muscle that assists the agonist through additional pull or stabilization. (termed fixator if it assists by preventing movement at a joint & stabilizing the origin of the agonist)
Antagonist - a muscle whose actions oppose that of the agonist (ex. triceps brachii extends elbow back into place)
What does it mean that water has a high heat capacity?
means that it absorbs and relases large amounts of heat w out changing the temp its self
Define: Femoral
p. 72
pain sensitivity
groove or depression

Dorsal scapular nerve
hair on fetuses
large, smooth, rounded projection
right and left
renal pelvis
renal sinus
renal cortex
arcuate branches of the renal vessels
renal crest
renal pyramids
pelvic recesses
pertaining to the cheek
oxygen poor
pulmonary circut venule
Temporal Lobe
Auditory and Auditory/Visual
Tight Junctions
impermeable junctions prevent molecules from passing through the intercellular space.
the blackness on a film
What tearfilm proteins are antifungal
parathyroid hormone(Correct type of stimulus)
what is the largest organ
Scapulae's 3 borders
Medial (vertebral)
Lateral (axillary)
Fatty acids that contain no carbon-tocarbon double bonds are called?
formed when two monosaccharides are joined by dehydration synthesis. A water molecule is lost as the bond is made.
A substance that dissociates in solution to yield hydrogen ions (H+) and an anion, is an electron donor, and has a pH of
Appendicular skeleton has how many bones all together?
thoracoacromial artery/trunk
2nd part of axillary artery
branches: pectoral, deltoid, clavicular, and acromial
In the 6-30th weeks, fetal erythropoiesis occurs in
smiling muscle, extends from the corner of the mouth to the cheekbones.
tranverse or longitudinal folds that increase surface area for absorption in digestive tract
Origin: Blends with longissimus thoracis and arisesfrom spinous processes of T11 to L2.Insertion: Spinous processes of upper 4 to 8 thoracicvertebrae.Innervation: Dorsal rami of T1 to T12.Action: Extends and laterally flexes the vertebralcolumn.
rhomboid group
elevate, retract, adduct, inferiorly rotate scapula
conus medullaris
terminal end of spinal cord
denticulate ligaments
Enter your back text here.
The cerebellum is a division of the...
____ ligaments are thin, weak, membranous ligaments located between spinous processes
interspinous ligaments
the impermeable cell junction formed as a result of protein fusion in the plasma membrane is a
tight junction
the buffy coat on centrifuged whole blood is formed by the ________.
the summation of the synaptic potentials from more than one presynaptic neuron is called
spatial summation
hair shaft
visible part of hair above skin
This process evolves from morula on day 5
The name for the lymphatic vessel that takes fat molecules back to the heart
clusters of neuron cell bodies within the CNS
turbinate bones
superior, middle and inferior nasal conchae function to create air turbulence and promote filtration, allows time for warming and humidifying of air
The stratum in the epidermis that consists of the most layers of cells is the stratum _______.
"tight junctions"
impermeable junctions that bind cells together into leaked proof sheets that prevent substances from passing through the spaces between the cells
the smallest branch of an artery, which at its distal end leads into a capillary
being at, on, or near the surface:
pericardium - heart
pericardial cavity between the visceral pericardium and the parietal pericardium
Blood exits from the left ventricle of the heart though the...
further from the axis of the bodyex wrist is distal to the elbow
Describe the Trapezius muscle.
O: occipital protuberance, nuchal ligament, spinous processes from C1 - T12
I: clavicle, acromion process, and scapular spine
N: CN XI - accessory
A: extends and laterally flexes neck
Nasolacrimal Duct
Drains tears from Lacrimal Sac into the inferior portion of the nose
*why nose runs when cry
can be tested and verified by any trained person
Spatial relationships of rectum
Posterior: S3-S5 vertebrae, coccyx, median sacral vessels, sacral sympathetic trunk
Laterally: pararectal fossae
Superior: peritoneum
Anterior -
Males: Rectovesical pouch, fundus of bladder, ureters, ductus deferens, seminal glands, prostate
Females: Rectouterine pouch, vagina, cervix of uterus
What male part acts as a recycling center for damaged sperm?
salts that ionize in water and form solutions capable of conducting eletricity
external intercostals
muscles that assist by elevating ribs during inhalation
The right lymphatic duct empties lymph directly into the
subclavian vein
Inspiratory reserve volume is produced by?
external intercostal muscles
veins of lower limbs
anterior tibial vein
posterior tibial vein
popliteal vein
femoral vein
external iliac
internal iliac
common iliac
great saphenous
a cell of osseous tissue within the bone matrix; a bone cell.
Inability to make OK sign
damage to Anterior Interosseous Nerve.. innervates PQ, FPL and lateral half of FDP..
Dorsal column fibers run from below ___ and travel in the more lateral _________ ________
T6 Fasiculus Cuneatus
the maximum rate with which action potential can be generated is limited by the
absolute refractory period
Anatomical position
In this position, the body is erect and face forward, with palms facing forward
tensor veli palatini
attaches to aponeurosis and the medial pterygoid plateloops around hamulusV3 contract to tense soft palate
What is the opening to the ureter called?
renal pelvis
ventral primary ramus
(1) lateral cutaneous nerve (a) dorsal branch (b) ventral branch(2) muscular branches (motor) (a) lateral branch (b) medial branch
innermost layer of the eye; made up of rods and cones that are responsible for vision
what does the epiphyseal line contain?
the epiphyseal growth plate
the part of the ulna beyond the elbow joint.
Blood supply to the Kidney
Abdominal aorta
Enter kidney by the Renal artery
Segmental arteries
Interlobar arteries
(-medullary junction)
Arcuate arteries
InterlobULar arteries
(supply Blood for filtration)
Afferent arterioles
(toward renal corpuscle)
Efferent arteriole (ductile??)
(carries blood away)
→ cortical nephrons or juxtamedullary nephron
Peritubular capillaries or Vasa recta
InterlobULar veins
Arcuate veins
Interlobar veins
Renal vein
What information does the Lacrimal n from the ophthalmic division/V1 of trigeminal nerve (5) provide?
Sensory from lacrimal gland, conjunctiva & upper eyelid
what's the different classes w/ various roles & locations in the body?
IgG, IgD, IgE, IgA, IgM
What makes up the Skeletal System?
Bones, cartilages, ligaments, and other connective tissues that stablize or connect the bones
Which is used in Pre-Ovulatory Phase?Which is used in Post-Ovulatory Phase?Can only be made and used in Post?Made and used in Pre?
FSH and estrogenProgesterone, estrogen and LHProgesteroneEstrogen
the deltoid tuberosity is the site where...............?
the deltoid muslces inserts
acetabular labrum a fibrocartilage rim around the acetabulum
the acetabular labrum deepens the acetabulum; it cups around the head of the femur and holds it firmly in the acetabulum
Where do the nerves that innervate the infrahyoid muslces originate?
(also innervates the skin of the neck)
the ansa cevicalis
a loop between C1 and C3
What makes up the endoabdominal fascia?
Psoas fascia (attached medially to lumbar vertebrae and pelvic brim - thickens superiorly to form the medial arcuate ligament (tendinous fascia that arches over the psoas muscle))
Quadratus lumborum fascia (anterior layer of the throacolumbar fascia - thickens superiorly to form lateral arcuate ligament)
Thoracolumbar fascia (middle posterior layers enclose erector spinae)
What is the fossa ovalis?
Remnant of the foramen ovale which allowed blood to by-
pass the lung system as a fetus. 25% of the population
has a patent, or somewhat open, fossa ovalis.
What are the symptoms of lung cancer?
Chronic coughing, horaseness, coughing up blood, weight loss, chest pains
Why do scalp wounds bleed profusely?
What happens to deep scalp wounds (reach aponeurosis)?
Scalp is highly vascularized -> heals quickly
Gape widely
What is peristalisis and where does it occur?
involuntary one way wave contraction of smooth muscle in wall of digestive tabel. Esophagus
What are atypical vertebrae and which ones are they
different by either expressing a unique feature or missing a typical feature

*C1 – Atlas
C2 – Axis
Sacrum and coccyx
What are the major functions of the skeletal system? (Ch. 5 pg. 112)
Support - structural framework for attachment
Storage of minerals - 98% of calcium is in bones
Blood cell production - red marrow in internal medullary cavities of bones
Protection - delicate tissues and organs surrounded by skeleton
Leverage - movement produced by skeletal muscles using bones as leverage
what are the 2 relay stations for the thalamus
sensory relay nucleimotor relay nuclei
What do glucocorticoids do to the trabecular meshwork?
Target the expression of genes in the TIM, reorganize actin cytoskeleton, which raises IOP
Give examples of the principle of complementarity of structure and function
blood flows one way cuz of valves in blood vessels
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